Lindernia crustacea (L.) F.Muell.
  • Syst. Census Austral. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Lindernia crustacea (L.) F.Muell. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000446460. Accessed on: 21 Oct 2021'

General Information

Annuals, 10-20 cm tall, much branched. Branches widely spreading, subquadrangular, deeply sulcate, glabrous. Petiole 1-8 mm; leaf blade triangular-ovate to broadly ovate, 1-2 X 0.5-1.1 cm, abaxially pilose along veins to subglabrous, adaxially subglabrous, base broadly cuneate to rounded, margin shallowly crenate or serrate, apex obtuse to subacute. Flowers axillary and solitary or in short apical racemes. Pedicel slender, 0.5-2.2 cm, subglabrous. Calyx urnlike, 3-5 mm, shallowly lobed; lobes triangular-ovate, outside sparsely pubescent. Corolla purple, 5-8 mm; tube slightly longer than calyx; lower lip 3-lobed, middle lobe larger and slightly longer than upper lip; upper lip ovate, sometimes shallowly 2-lobed. Stamens didynamous. Style fugacious. Capsule broadly ellipsoid, almost as long as persistent calyx. Seeds pale yellow-brown, subglobose, scrobiculate. Fl. and fr. year round.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Lindernia crustacea (L.) F. Muell., Syst. Census Austral. Pl. 97. 1882; Capraria crustacea L.

    Postradas a ascendentes; tallos (2–) 5–15 cm de largo, aplicado-pubescentes. Hojas ovadas, 6.5–16 mm de largo y 6–13 mm de ancho, margen crenado, subglabras excepto por el nervio medio aplicado-pubescente y el margen cortamente ciliado; pecíolo 1–7 mm de largo. Pedicelos (3.5–) 7–25 mm de largo; cáliz 3–4.2 mm de largo, los lobos unidos hasta arriba de la mitad, la porción libre 0.6–2 mm de largo; corola 5–7 mm de largo, purpúrea con una mancha amarilla o blanca en la garganta; estambres fértiles 4. Cápsula globosa, 2.8–4.6 mm de largo, glabrescente; semillas finamente alveoladas.

    Común en sitios muy húmedos o alterados, en todo el país; 0–400 (–1400) m; fl y fr sep–abr; Ortiz 681, Stevens 21816; pantropical y en América desde el sur de los Estados Unidos hasta Brasil y las Antillas.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Prostrate or ascending paludal herbs, profusely branching, the stems drying angled, the angles ciliate, often purplish, slender, sometimes rooting at the nodes, the roots fibrous. Leaves opposite, rotund, apically obtuse or rounded, basally obtuse or truncate, crenate or serrate, to 15 mm across, punctate on both sides, glabrate above, beneath glabrate but sometimes pubescent on the veins; lower leaves distinctly petiolate, the petiole shorter than the leaves, thin winged, the costa pubescent beneath. Inflorescence a solitary flower in a leaf axil, or by suppression of the shoot, appearing terminal and 1-3 flowered, ebracteate, the pedicels slender, angled, ciliate, mostly exceeding the leaves, often purplish. Flowers with the calyx narrow, oblong or obconical, ca. 2 mm long, becoming 4 mm long in fruit, angled, glabrate or ciliate on the angles, with 5 subequal short lobes, the lobes often purplish; corolla blue or purple, exserted, ca. 4 mm long, 2-lipped, the upper lip longer, slightly 2-lobed or erose, the lower lip 3-lobed; stamens 4, didynamous, the upper pair inserted near the base of the corolla lip sinuses, the filaments glabrous, apically thickened, the thecae alike, divaricate and forming a nearly straight line, the lower pair inserted on the lower lip, the filaments slightly shorter, slenderer, not apically thickened, the thecae slightly unequal, the 2 anthers connivent, and the 4 thecae forming a cross; ovary glabrous, eglandular, the style slightly exceeding the anthers, the stigmas compressed, rotund discoid, papillose, drying elliptical. Fruit ovoid, included in the somewhat accrescent calyx, 4-5 mm long, the calyx costae prominent, the intercostal areas becoming hyaline, often splitting to the base, the style sometimes persistent, ca. 3 mm long; dehiscing septicidally to the base leaving the narrow pitted placenta winged by the thick, indurate, elliptical septum; seeds oblong, yellow, tuberculate in lines, ca. 0.5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Morphology

    Flowers blue

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Annual, erect or ascending, 2-3 in. high

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbe annuelle; tige prostrée à ascendante, de 8-15 cm de long, glabre, quadrangulaire, à ramifications nombreuses (paraclades). Feuilles opposées, à pétiole atteignant 4-6 mm de long; limbe ovale à orbiculaire, acuminé au sommet, de 6-15 mm de long et 4-9 mm de large, obtusément à étroitement crénelé, à nervation pennée. Inflorescence lâche, en forme de racème feuille, chaque nœud florifère portant 2 fleurs. Fleurs blanches avec des taches violacées; pédicelle de 8-9 mm de long; calice de 4 mm de long, à lobes de 1 mm de long; corolle à tube de 4-5 mm de long; lèvre supérieure entière, de 3 mm de long; lèvre inférieure tripartite, de 3 mm de long; étamines 4; filets des étamines antérieures (abaxiales) de 3 mm de long, géniculés, formant des appendices claviformes couverts de poils glandulaires et de papilles; filets des étamines postérieures (adaxiales) droits, de 1 mm de long; ovaire globuleux, de 1,5 mm de long, glabre; style de 5 mm de long. Capsules de 9 mm de long, septicides-septifrages. Graines à albumen alvéolé (bothrosperme).

  • Provided by: [A].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habit

    herbs

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    Weed of gardens and waste places.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Endroits frequentés, chemins, jardins, pâturages, pelouses, forêts secondaires, forêts ombrophiles près des habitations, sur sol sablonneux.

  • Provided by: [A].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    This weedy species is widely distributed in both New and Old Worlds.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Sénégal, Guinée-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroun, Annobon, Rép. centrafricaine, Congo-Brazzaville, Madagascar; Inde, Népal, Sri Lanka, Chine, Thaïlande, Laos, Vietnam, Kampuchea, Japon, Philippines, Australie, Nouvelle-Guinée, Micronésie, Polynésie, Amérique centrale et Amérique du Sud (introduit)

  • Provided by: [A].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Sergipe
    • São Paulo
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

     Information From

    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • A http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • F All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • G See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Linderniaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • J The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).