Mirabilis jalapa L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • munuminha


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Mirabilis jalapa L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000448428. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2020'

General Information

Herbs annual, to 1 m tall. Roots tuberous, black or black-brown. Stems erect, much branched, cylindric, glabrous or slightly pubescent, inflated on nodes. Petiole 1-4 cm; leaf blade ovate or ovate-triangular, 3-15 × 2-9 cm, base truncate or cordate, margin entire, apex acuminate. Flowers usually several clustered at apex of branches, fragrant; pedicel 1-2 mm. Invo- lucre campanulate, ca. 1 cm, 5-lobed, lobes triangular-ovate, acuminate, glabrous, persistent. Perianth purple, red, yellow, white, or variegated; tube 2-6 cm; limb 2.5-3 cm in diam., opening in late afternoon, closing next morning. Stamens 5; filaments slender, exserted; anther globose. Fruit black, globose, 5-8 mm in diam., coriaceous, ribbed and plicate. Endosperm white mealy. Fl. Jun-Oct, fr. Aug-Nov.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Mirabilis jalapa L., Sp. Pl. 177. 1753.

    Hierbas anuales o perennes, o subarbustos. Hojas lanceoladas a triangulares (ovadas), 3–14 cm de largo y 1.5–6.5 cm de ancho, ápice acuminado, base subcordada o subtruncada, cortamente decurrentes sobre el pecíolo. Inflorescencia con pedúnculos menos de 5 mm de largo, involucro 5–11 mm de ancho, casi glabro a densamente puberulento, lobos erectos (a ligeramente patentes), lanceolados, ápice acuminado; porción apical del cáliz infundibuliforme a hipocrateriforme, (30–) 45–80 mm de largo y 15–30 mm de ancho a través del limbo, blanca, crema, amarilla, rosada, lila, morada o rojo obscura; estambres 5. Antocarpo obovoide con una ligera contracción justo encima de la base, 8–10 mm de largo y 4–6 mm de ancho, ápice obtusamente agudo a redondeado, 5-acostillado, tuberculado, glabro.

    Cultivada en jardines, maleza en áreas alteradas, en todo el país; 150–1345 m; fl jun–mar y fr jul–ene; Grijalva 555, 1480; probablemente se originó en México y en la actualidad se encuentra en los trópicos y subtrópicos. "Maravilla".

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
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    "Perennial from a thick, tuberous root, but grown as an annual; lvs ovate, petioled; invol cal-like, of 5 united bracts, deeply 5-lobed, 1-fld, 6–8 mm at anthesis; cal cor- like, showy, opening in late afternoon, white, yellow, red, purple, or variegated, funnelform, with long, slender tube 2–3 cm, the limb 2–3.5 cm wide; 2n=58. Native of tropical Amer., widely cult., and occasionally escaping in our range."

  • Provided by: [H].New York Botanical Garden
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    Diagnostic Description

    Inflorescence in a many-flowered cyme; flowers 40-50 mm long; anthocarp subglobose to ellipsoid, 7-9 mm long.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Morphology

    Flowers purple, magenta, yellow or white, opening in late afternoon

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Widely cultivated as an ornamental, now established in many parts.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Involucre 5–13 mm. long, divided more or less halfway into 5 triangular to ovate, acute to acuminate lobes, glabrescent to pubescent or pilose particularly along margins.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Perianth tubular 4–5.5 cm. long, lower portion green, upper portion spreading 2–3 cm. diam., purple, red, yellow, white or variegated.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stamens 5–6, exserted, 2.75–6 cm. long; filaments filiform, united into fleshy cup at base; anthers 1.2–2 mm. long, oblong-ellipsoid.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary ellipsoid or ovoid, 1–1.5 mm. long; style 4–6.5 cm. long, filiform; stigma with stalked papillae.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Anthocarp ellipsoid to subglobose, 7 – 9 mm. long, ribbed or angled, tuberculate between the ribs (in dried state), hard, black.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Pedicels pubescent.

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    Leaves ovate, 3.5–13 × 2–8 cm., entire, acuminate, base rounded, truncate or cordate, glabrous to puberulent (particularly along veins above), margins often ciliate, rhaphides usually conspicuous beneath, superior leaves frequently subsessile, inferior leaves petiolate; petioles up to 4.5 cm. long, pubescent along superior surface.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Inflorescences terminal.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Herb up to 1.5 m. tall.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stems glabrescent or pubescent, pubescence often concentrated in longitudinal strips down stem.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Perennial herb to 1(–2) m. tall; roots tuberous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves ovate or oblong to triangular, to 9 cm. long, apex acute, base cordate; petiole to 4 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Style equal to stamens.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescences 3–7-flowered; flowers ± sessile, opening in late afternoon, fragrant; involucral bracts ± 1 cm. long; perianth to 6.5 cm. long, 2.5–3.5 cm. wide at the limb, white, pink, red or yellow.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Anthocarp subglobose to ellipsoid, 7–8 mm. long, black.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fig. 4.

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    Stamens 5 or 6.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Erect, much-branched, perennial herb, up to 1.3 m high. Leaves ovate, petiolate. Perianth with tube 50 mm long, cylindrical below, funnel-shaped at top. Flowers purple, red, yellow or white.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Perennial herb, up to 1.3 m high; with stems erect, much branched, branches soft and brittle; unarmed. Leaves petiolate; blade ovate, 35-130 x 20-80 mm, margins entire, often ciliate, dark green with pinkish veins. Flowers: in terminal cymes, 1-many-flowered; involucre calyxlike; perianth with tube ± 50 mm long, cylindric below, funnel-shaped at top, purple, red, yellow or white; Jan.-Apr.

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    Plants up to 1.5 m high. Leaves (38-)40-97(-105) x (22-)23-48(-50) mm; ovate, oblong, lanceolate, deltoid; apex acute or acuminate; base cordate; petiole (5-)21(-35) mm long. Inflorescence a 3-7-flowered cyme, involucral bracts 5-13 mm long, lobes acuminate, green. Flowers 40-50 mm long, open in the late afternoon, fragrant. Perianth salverform; white, pink, red, yellow or variegated. Stamens 5 or 6; exserted, filaments filiform, connate into a fleshy cup at the base; anther oblong-ellipsoid. Ovary ellipsoid or ovoid; style filiform; stigma with stalked papillae. Anthocarp subglobose to ellipsoid, 7-9 x 4-5 mm long, coriaceous, dark-brown to black.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habitat

    Dry Grassland. Garden weed, disturbed places, road verges.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    This species is cultivated as a garden ornamental from where it is often escapes. It can be found in disturbed places as a naturalized species.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Garden weed.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    Native of South America.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Native to India, introduced from tropical America.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and tropical America.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    munuminhaPortuguese
    maravilhaPortuguese
    boninaPortuguese

      Bibliography

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Nyctaginaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • H Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).