Malva parviflora L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Small-flowered mallow, mauve parviflore


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Malva parviflora L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000449230. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs, annual, 0.2–0.8 m. Stems usually erect or ascending, rarely decumbent, wide-branched, glabrous or sparsely stellate-hairy distally. Leaves: stipules persistent, broadly lanceolate, 4–5 × 2–3 mm; petiole 2–3(–4) times as long as blade; blade suborbiculate-cordate or reniform, mostly shallowly 5–7-lobed or angled, 2–8(–10) × 2–8(–10) cm, base cordate (to nearly truncate), lobes deltate or rounded, margins evenly crenate, apex rounded to broadly acute, surfaces glabrous or hairy, especially at base, hairs simple and stellate. Inflorescences axillary, flowers solitary or in 2–4-flowered fascicles. Pedicels 0.2–0.4 cm, usually to 1 cm in fruit, shorter than calyx; involucellar bractlets distinct, not adnate to calyx, linear to filiform, (1–)2–3 × 0.3 mm, shorter than calyx, margins entire, surfaces glabrous or slightly ciliate. Flowers: calyx 3–4.5 mm, to 7–8 mm in fruit, glabrous or stellate-hairy, lobes wide-spreading outward in fruit, orbiculate-deltate, reticulate-veined, apex often abruptly acuminate, short-ciliate or not, scarious in fruit; petals white to pale lilac, drying pinkish or whitish, or faded, veins not darker, 3–4.5(–5) mm, subequal to or only slightly longer than calyx, glabrous; staminal column 1.5 mm, glabrous; style 10- or 11-branched; stigmas 10 or 11. Schizocarps 6–7 mm diam.; mericarps 10 or 11, 2–2.5 mm, apical face strongly reticulate-wrinkled, sides appearing strongly, radially ribbed, margins sharp-edged, toothed, narrowly winged, surface glabrous or hairy. Seeds 1.5–2 mm. 2n = 42.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Hierba, decumbente a ascendente, ligeramente pu- bescente o glabrescente. Hojas 2.5 –10.5 X 2.5 –12 cm, orbiculares o reniformes, onduladas a ligera- mente 5 –7-lobuladas, de otra forma crenadas, escasa y generalmente estrellado-pubescentes en el haz, sin nectarios foliares. Infls. axilares, de 1– 4 fls.; pedice- los más cortos que el cáliz. Fls. con calículo de 3 brácteas separadas, 2.5 – 3 mm, filiformes; cáliz 3 – 4 mm (a 7– 8 mm en fr.), lobulado hasta ca. 1/2; pétalos lavanda (a menudo blancos en CR), 4 – 5 mm; estilos múltiples, los estigmas decurrentes. Frs. esquizocár- picos, 6 –7 mm de diám., obloides, los mericarpos ca. 10 (en CR), romos en el ápice, rugosos dorsalmente, levemente alados en los ángulos (en forma de herradura), densamente pubescentes, indehiscentes; semilla 1 por mericarpo, ca. 1.5 – 2 mm, glabra.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Much like nos. 5 [Malva neglecta Wallr.] and 6 [Hypericum boreale (Britton) E. P. Bicknell]; pedicels mostly less than 10 mm, even in fr; cal strongly accrescent and reticulate-veiny in fr; fr as in no. 6, but the margins of the carpels narrowly winged; 2n=42. Native of the Mediterranean region, widespread as a weed in c. and w. U.S., and local with us."

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Annual, prostrate-procumbent herb. Stem up to 60 cm long, sparsely stellate pubescent to glabrescent. Leaves orbicular, cordate at base, 2-4 cm long, 2-6 cm broad, upper surface with generally sparsely simple or 2-rayed hairs or glabrous, lower surface more hairy, simple, 2 rayed and stellate, often 3-7-lobed, crenate-serrate; stipules lanceolate to ovate, 2-5 mm long, 1-2 mm broad, ciliate margined; petiole 3-17 cm long, simple and stellate hairy, more so to wards the apex. Flowers axillary usually fascicled, compact, rarely solitary; pedicel 3-5 mm long, usually not visible, stellate pubescent, in fruit a few up to 10 mm long, glabrescent. Epicalyx segments linear, c. 7 mm long, 1 mm broad, stellate pubescent. Calyx 3-5 mm long, densely stellate pubescent, free nearly to the middle, accrescent in fruit, c. 1 cm long. Petals white, pinkish at the tips, usually shorter than or equal to sepals, occasionally longer, slightly notched above, glabrous, oblong, slightly narrow at base. Staminal column glabrous c.2 mm long. Fruit discoid, (3-) 5-6 mm across, mericarps (8-) 10, dorsally with raised reticulate venation, radially transversely ribbed, 1.5-2 mm across in all direction margin winged. Seed 1 mm long and broad, brown, black glabrous.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Diagnostic Description

    The leaves are eaten by chickens and can be fed to cattle, pigs and various kinds of domestic birds.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Prostrate or decumbent herb; stems usually under 40 cm long, hairy, longitudinally sulcate. Leaf-lamina 1-5 x 1-5 cm, reniform or nearly suborbicular in outline, obtusely 3-5-angled, crenate or crenate-serrate, glabrous or sparsely hairy; petiole often longer than the lamina, usually with a few hairs near the apex. Flowers mauve or pale pink to white, subsessile, in few-flowered clusters in the leaf-axils; pedicels 2-4 mm long. Bracts of epicalyx linear, deciduous. Calyx 2-5 mm long, accrescent and enclosing the fruit; lobes ovate or roundish, mucronate, spreading. Petals scarcely exceeding the calyx; claw glabrous. Fruit glabrous or occasionally hairy; mericarps with acutely-angled reticular dorsal ridges and slightly raised and sharp lateral angles.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Prostrate or decumbent herb. Petals scarcely exceeding calyx, with glabrous claws. Mericarps with acutely angled reticular dorsal ridges, meeting laterally in somewhat raised sharp edge. Flowers mauve or pale pink to white.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Prostrate or decumbent herb, up to 400 mm tall. Leaves long-petiolate, blades reniform to suborbicular, round-toothed. Flowers clustered in leaf axils, pale pink to white, petals scarcely longer than calyx, epicalyx of 6 mmear lobes.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Found in waste places and in parks and gardens, but never a serious pest.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Waste places and in parks and gardens.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Weed in disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Madagascar; S. Africa. Native of Europe and Asia, naturalised in many countries as a weed of cultivation and now almost cosmopolitan.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Native to Europe and Asia.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Native of Eurasia.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Small-flowered mallow, mauve parviflore

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).