Malva verticillata L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Mauve crépue


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Malva verticillata L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000449601. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs biennial, 50-100(-120) cm tall; stem sparsely stellate velutinous. Stipules ovate-lanceolate, 3-5 × 2-4 mm, stellate puberulent; petiole 2-8(-15) cm, puberulent in adaxial groove, glabrescent; leaf blade reniform or round, (3-)5-11 × (2-)5-11 cm, both surfaces very sparsely strigose or subglabrous, 5-7-lobed, lobes rounded or acute, margin crenate-serrate. Flowers 3- to many-fascicled, axillary. Pedicels 2-15(-40) mm. Epicalyx lobes filiform-lanceolate, (3-)5-6 mm, ciliate. Calyx cup-shaped, 5-8 mm, lobes broadly triangular, sparsely stellate strigose. Corolla whitish to reddish, slightly longer than sepals; petals 6-8 mm, apex retuse; claw glabrous or sparsely hairy. Filament tube 3-4 mm, glabrous or with a few simple hairs. Style branches 10-11. Schizocarp flat-globose, 5-7 mm in diam.; mericarps 10-12, abaxially smooth, ca. 1 mm thick, angles rounded and rugose, sides reticulate. Seeds purple-brown, reniform, ca. 1.5 mm in diam., glabrous. Fl. Mar-Nov.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual, 0.5–2.5 m, glabrous or hairy, hairs usually stellate. Stems erect, usually stellate-hairy. Leaves: stipules persistent, ovate-triangular, slightly falcate, 4–7 × (2–)4–5 mm, usually papery; petiole shorter than to equaling or longer than blade, surfaces often glabrate abaxially, stellate-hairy adaxially; blade round to broadly reniform, unlobed or broadly, shallowly 5–7-lobed, 3–10(–25) × (2–)5–10(–25) cm, base cordate or sometimes ± not adnate to calyx, linear to lanceolate, reticulate-veined, 2–3 × 0.5 mm, to 6 × 1 mm in fruit, shorter than calyx, thin and translucent, margins entire, sparsely stellate-puberulent and ciliate. Flowers: calyx reticulate-veined, 4–6 mm, to 10 mm in fruit, lobes enclosing mericarps, papery, stellate-puberulent; petals pale lilac to whitish with lavender-pink tips, drying pinkish or whitish, or faded, veins not darker, 5–8 mm, subequal to or longer than calyx; staminal column 2 mm, usually sparsely hairy or glabrous, hairs minute; style 8–11-branched; stigmas 8–11 (same number as locules). Schizocarps 7–9 mm diam.; mericarps 8–11, 2.5–3 mm, glabrous, apical face smooth to obscurely reticulate at margins, not toothed or winged, lateral faces radially ribbed, very thin over seed. Seeds 2–2.5 mm. 2n = 84, 112.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    "Erect annual to 2 m, with large, long-petioled lvs mostly (6–)8–15(–20) cm wide, reniform, with 5–7 rounded, crenate lobes, the upper on progressively shorter petioles; fls subsessile in axillary fascicles; pet 6 mm, white or bluish-white; fr as in no. 6 [Hypericum boreale (Britton) E. P. Bicknell]; 2n=ca 84. Probably native of e. Asia, escaped from cult. here and there in our range. July–Sept. One form has the lvs crisp-margined."

  • Provided by: [I].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual or biennial herb, 0.5-2.5 m tall. Stem green to purplish stellate hairy, glabrescent. Leaves usually orbicular, 3-23 cm long, 4-25 cm broad, cordate or subtruncate at base, upper surface with sparse simple or 2-rayed hair, glabrescent, lower with stellate simple or 2-rayed hairs, more hairy than above coarsely crenate-dentate, usually 5 lobed; stipule lanceolate, 5 mm long, c. 4 mm borad, glabrous except long ciliate margin; petiole 4-24 cm long, densely tomentose above, elsewhere glabrescent except the groove. Flowers axillary, 2-many, loose or compact; pedicel visible or not sparsely stellate hairy 3-5 (-10) mm long. Epicalyx segments linear or linear-lanceolate 3-6 mm long, 1-1.5 mm broad, glabrescent, margin ciliate. Calyx free to halfway down; sepals 5-6 mm long, 3-4 mm broad, very sparsely stellate hairy without finely reticulately veined accrescent in fruit, up to 12 mm long and 8 mm broad; lobes deltoid with long ciliate margin. Petals 7-9 mm long, purplish glabrous clawed, slightly notched. Staminal column 4.5mm long glabrous or simple hairy above, Fruit enclosed in accrescent calyx, 5-7 mm across; mericarps 10-12, glabrous, rugose on the margins, centrally grooved or smooth on the dorsal side, radially rugose, c.2 mm across in all directions. Seed dark brown-black c.1-1.5 mm long and broad, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Bracts of epicalyx 5–6 mm. long, linear, ciliate.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Petals about twice as long as the calyx; claw glabrous or with a few weak hairs.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Calyx somewhat inflated, sparsely stellate-hirsute; lobes triangular, acute.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Mericarps 10–12, dorsally smooth or faintly rugose, rugose along the rounded angles, flabellately striate on the flat lateral sides.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Staminal tube setose in upper portion.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Leaf-lamina 4–11 cm. in diam., of basal leaves reniform, of cauline leaves suborbicular and 5-lobed with rounded lobes on lower ones and those of upper ones triangular, margin crenulate-dentate; petiole 4–8 cm. long, longitudinally sulcate, glabrescent except that the grooves remain tomentose; stipules ovate-lanceolate.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Flowers in fascicles; pedicels unequal, the longest up to about 3 cm., shortly stellate-pilose.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Biennial herb 0·5–1 m. tall; stems shortly stellate-pilose.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Bis 2 m hoch. Blätter 5–7lappig, am Rand wellig-kraus, dicht und fein gezähnt. Kronblätter hellrosa bis weisslich, ca. 7 mm lang, seicht ausgerandet.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Herbe'robuste, assez ramifiée, de 1-2 m de haut; tiges de 4-5 mm de diam., à entre-nœuds de 4-8 cm de long, à poils étoilés courts peu denses.'Feuilles'à pétiole de 5-10 cm de long, tomenteux; limbe semi-orbiculaire, 3-5-lobé, profondément cordé à la base, denté-crénelé, de 5-10 cm de long et de large, glabre en dessus, à poils étoilés épars en dessous; feuilles bractéales beaucoup plus petites.'Inflorescences'en glomérules axillaires, subsessiles, denses, de 1,5-2,5 cm de diam., pluriflores sur les tiges principales, pauciflores sur les ramilles.'Fleurs'subsessiles; calicule à 3 bractéoles linéaires, de 3 mm de long; calice de 5-6 mm de long, à segments aigus couverts de poils étoilés, à nervation réticulée, refermé sur le fruit; corolle violacée, dépassant à peine le calice; tube staminal de 2-3 mm de long; style à 10 branches dépassant longuement le tube.'Fruits de 5 mm de diam., à ± 10 méricarpes à nervures transversales sur le dos et radiales sur les faces latérales.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Caule erecto, foliis angulatis, floribus axillaribus glomeratis.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Savanes, jachères, défrichements, bords des routes; jusqu'à 2500 m d'altitude.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Afrique du Nord, de l'Éthiopie au Mozambique; Madagascar; Europe méridionale; Asie

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    China.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Uses

    Feuilles consommées en époque de disette; fibres des tiges pour préparer des cordes; décoction pour combattre les parasites du cuir chevelu.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Mauve crépueFrenchCH
    Krause MalveGermanCH
    Whorled or clustered or Chinese or curled mallow, mauve verticillée
    Malva crespaItalianCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • B http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Flora of North America Association
    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • I Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).