Malva sylvestris L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Common mallow


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Malva sylvestris L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000449636. Accessed on: 27 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs, annual, biennial, or perennial, 0.5—1.5(–3) m, hairy to glabrate, hairs simple and stellate. Stems erect or ascending, glabrous or sparsely hairy, hairs both simple and stellate. Leaves: stipules persistent, lanceolate to ovate-triangular, 3–5(–8) × 3 mm; petiole 1/2 to 1 1/2 times as long as blade, pubescent in adaxial groove, otherwise glabrous; blade reniform to suborbiculate-cordate, unlobed or shallowly 3–7-lobed, sinuses to 1/2 to base, (2–)5–10(–14) × (2–)5–10(–14) cm, base cordate to ± truncate, lobes semicircular to oblong, margins crenate, apex rounded to wide-acute, surfaces glabrous or sparsely hairy, hairs simple or stellate. Inflorescences axillary, flowers solitary or in 2–4-flowered fascicles, long-stalked. Pedicels 1–2.5 cm, 1–4.5 cm in fruit, much longer than calyx, glabrous or sparsely stellate-hairy; involucellar bractlets distinct, sometimes adnate to calyx in basal 1 mm, oblong-lanceolate to elliptic or narrowly obovate, reticulate-veined, (3–)4–5(–7) × 2.5–4 mm, shorter than calyx, margins entire, surfaces glabrous, sparsely ciliate. Flowers: calyx reticulate-veined, 5–6 mm, to 10 mm in fruit, lobes incompletely enclosing mericarps, stellate-puberulent; petals pink to purple or reddish purple with darker veins, usually drying blue, (12–)16–30(–45) mm, length 2 1/2–3(–4) times calyx; staminal column 5 mm, minutely, retrorsely stellate-puberulent; style 10–12-branched; stigmas 10–12. Schizocarps 7 mm diam.; mericarps 10–12, 2–2.5 mm, margins sharp, not winged, sides thin and papery, with radiating veins, surface strongly to obscurely reticulate-wrinkled, usually glabrous, sometimes sparsely hairy. Seeds 1.5–2.2 mm. 2n = 42.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Erect biennial, 4–10 dm, hirtellous to glabrate; lvs orbicular or reniform in outline, shallowly 3–7-lobed, the lobes broadly rounded, serrate; petioles hairy only or chiefly in a single line on the upper side; bractlets oblong to ovate or obovate; fls fascicled in the upper axils, on pedicels to 5 cm; pet red-purple, 2–2.5 cm; mature carpels rugose-reticulate on the back, glabrous or sparsely hairy; 2n=42. Native of Eurasia, escaped from cult. here and there in our range. June–Aug."

  • Provided by: [H].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Usually biennial, up to 1.25 m tall, pubescent to glabrescent herbs. Leaves 2-4 cm long, 2-5 cm broad, 3-lobed, truncate to broadly cordate at; stipule lanceolate, scarious, c. 5 mm long, 1.5 mm broad; petiole 2-6 cm ,pilose. Flowers axillary (1-) 2-4 in fascicles; pedicel c. 2 cm long. Epicalyx segments ovate, 2-3 mm long, 1.5 mm broad. Calyx free to the middle, 3-6 mm long, glabrescent; lobes broadly triangular, 2-3 mm broad. Petals pink-purple cm long, c.1 cm broad, obovate, emarginate, claw ciliate. Staminal c. 3 mm long, stellate pubescent. Fruit glabrous, 5-6 mm across, mericarps 10-12, reticulate. Seeds brown, c. 2.5 mm long and broad.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Calyx stellate-pilose, not enlarged in fruit; lobes ovate-deltoid.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Bracts of epicalyx 2/3 the length of the calyx, oblong-lanceolate.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Flowers 2·5–5 cm. in diam., mauve-purple, or light magenta with darker purple veins, 2–5-fasciculate or in short racemes; pedicels 1–2 cm. long, glabrous or sparsely hirsute.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Leaf-lamina of basal leaves 5–10 cm. in diam., shallowly crenate, of upper leaves ± deeply 5-lobed with crenulate-serrate lobes, glabrous except for a strigose pubescence on the main veins; petiole (2) 4–9 (16) cm. long, pubescent in an adaxial groove, otherwise glabrous; stipules 5–10 × 2–5 mm. obliquely ovate, serrate, acuminate.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Erect perennial up to c. 1 m. tall; stems sparsely hirsute with simple or stellate usually spreading hairs.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Mericarps 9–11, dorsally reticulate, usually glabrous.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Petals 1·5–2 cm. long; claw barbate.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Staminal tube setose.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    30–120 cm hoch, meist bogig aufsteigend, dicht behaart. Untere Blätter rundlich, nicht oder nur wenig geteilt, oberste meist etwa bis zur Mitte 3–7teilig, mit gerundeten, grob gezähnten Abschnitten. Blüten zu 2–6 in den Blattwinkeln. Kronblätter ro

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Caule erecto herbaceo, foliis lobatis obtutis, pedunculis petiolisque pilotis.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    6–9. Wegränder, Schuttplätze, kollin-montan. CH. Eine nur schwach behaarte Form mit dunkelpurpurnen Blüten wird oft angesät (var. mauritiana).

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Europe.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Common mallowEnglishIE
    Lus na meall MuireIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    High or garden mallow, mauve des bois
    Mealbhacán (-áin)IrishIE
    Marsh mallowEnglishIE
    HawkEnglishIE
    Grosis (-se)IrishIE
    Malva selvadiaRaeto-RomanceCH
    MilmheacanIrishIE
    Lus na moil mórIrishIE
    Wilde MalveGermanCH
    Lus na míol mórIrishIE
    Ucas (Ocos)IrishIE
    Ucas fiadhainIrishIE
    Malva selvaticaItalianCH
    Grande mauveFrenchCH
    HocasIrishIE

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • H Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).