Muntingia calabura L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • tamauã


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Muntingia calabura L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000451606. Accessed on: 30 Oct 2020'

General Information

Leaves: petiole 2–5 mm; blade 60–150 × 20–50 mm. Pedicels 5–20(–35) mm. Flowers: 8–12+ mm; petals 12–20 mm. Berries 10–15 mm diam. Seeds 0.4–0.5 × 0.2–0.3 mm. 2n = 28 (Costa Rica), 30 (India).

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Por Damon A. Smith

    Muntingia calabura L., Sp. Pl. 509. 1753.

    Arbustos o árboles siempreverdes, hasta 10 m de alto, inermes, tallos jóvenes densamente tomentosos con tricomas simples, estrellados y glandulares; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas alternas, dísticas, lanceoladas a apenas oblanceoladas, (2–) 4.2–10.2 (–14.5)cm de largo y (0.8–) 1.4–3.2 (–5.3) cm de ancho, ápice acuminado, base marcadamente inequilátera, lado axilar prolongado en un lobo redondeado tan largo o más largo que el pecíolo, lado opuesto redondeado a cuneado, margen irregularmente serrado, sin marcas pelúcidas, glándulas basales ausentes, envés lanoso con tricomas como los del tallo, 3–5-nervias desde la base; estípula caduca. Inflorescencias de fascículos supraaxilares en los brotes nuevos, con (1) 2 ó 3 flores, brácteas 1–varias, caducas, pedicelos 1–2 cm de largo (acrescentes en el fruto hasta 3.5 cm); sépalos 5, libres, valvados, (3.5–) 4–6 (–7) mm de largo y 1.8–2.7 (–3) mm de ancho, con un flagelo apical de 2–5 (–7) mm de largo, lanosos, verdes; pétalos 5, imbricados, 7–11 mm de largo y 6–12 mm de ancho, blancos; estambres períginos, más de 50, filamentos 3.5–6.5 mm de largo; receptáculo densa y largamente piloso; ovario súpero, glabro, estilo ausente, estigma prominente, cónico, acostillado. Fruto una baya subglobosa, ca 1 cm de diámetro, menudamente glabra, amarillenta a roja cuando madura; semillas numerosas, 0.45–0.5 mm de largo y 0.3–0.35 mm de ancho, glabras, sin arilo.

    Común en áreas alteradas, zona pacífica; 80–580 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Guzmán 1, Stevens 5378; ampliamente distribuida en América tropical, posiblemente introducida en las Islas Marianas. El género es monotípico y algo polémico en cuanto a sus afinidades. Tradicionalmente se lo coloca en las Elaeocarpaceae, pero Cronquist (1981) lo transfirió a las Flacourtiaceae, citando similaridades con Prockia y Hasseltia. Lemke (1988) no incluye Muntingia en las Flacourtiaceae, ni tampoco discute su posición taxonómica. Se parece al género monotípico Dicraspidia, tratado aquí en las Tiliaceae, más que a ningún otro miembro de las Elaeocarpaceae, Flacourtiaceae o Tiliaceae. Bayer et al. tratan Muntingia, Dicraspidia y probablemente también Neotessmannia en una familia separada, Muntingiaceae. "Capulín negro".

    S. Raja Shanmukha Rao. Trichome ontogenesis in some Tiliaceae. Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 65: 363–375. 1990; C. Bayer, M.W. Chase y M.F. Fay. Muntingiaceae, a new family of dicotyledons with malvalean affinities. Taxon 47: 37–42. 1998.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Tree to ca 1.0 m tall or shrub; trunk usually slender, the bark black. Leaves alternate; stipules linear, 3-4 mm long, hirsute and glandular pubescent, usually soon caducous; petioles 2-5 mm long, densely hirsute and glandular; blades in- equilateral, 5-11.5 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm wide, lanceolate to elliptical, firmly mem- branaceous; midrib and secondary veins densely pubescent above, densely hirsute and glandular pubescent, prominent beneath; blade surface glandular, glabrate or with scattered stellate hairs above, densely matted-pubescent and glandular be- neath; base strongly inequilateral, one side sometimes developing into an enlarged flap; apex acute to short attenuate, acute; margin serrate. Inflorescences supra- axillary, usually 1-flowered, infrequently 2-3-flowered; pedicels 1-1.8 cm long, hirsute and glandular-pubescent. Flowers ca 2 cm in diam; sepals 5, 5-7 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide, lanceolate, long-acuminate, tawny-pubescent without, creamy- white, felty-pubescent within, caducous; petals 5, short-clawed, rhombic-ovate, creamy-white, 7-9 mm long, 5-8 mm wide, the outer margin undulate; stamens o (more than 50), 4-5 mm long, borne on an enlarged hirsute receptacle; filaments slender; anthers ca 0.5 mm long, ovoid, reddish, the anther-sacs dehiscent their full length; pistil 4-5 mm long, nearly hidden by stamens and receptacular hairs; ovary ovoid, narrowing to a very short, thick style, smooth, glabrous, usually 5-loculed with bibbed placentae hanging free from near the top of the axis in each locule and covered on all surfaces with ovules; stigma thick, conical, 5-lobate. Fruit baccate, yellow or dark red and sweet, in the specimens only to ca 8 (-10) mm in diam, surmounted by the persistent stigma, ca 5-loculed (locule walls apparently often displaced by the crowding of the mass of small seeds), the surface granulose; seeds ca 0.5 mm long, 0.33 mm in diam, ovoid, pale yellow.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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    Arbusto o árbol, 3 – 8(–13) m; profilos (“estípulas”) 1 por nudo, adaxiales, 0.5 – 0.7 cm, filiformes. Hojas con el pecíolo 0.3 – 0.7 cm; lámina 3 –17 X 1.5 –7 cm, lanceolada u oblongo-lanceolada. Infls. de 1 fl. solitaria ó 2 ó 3 fls. fasciculadas; pedúnculo 2 – 5 cm. Fls. con los sépalos 10 –12 mm (incluido el apéndice apical), lan- ceolado-acuminados, deciduos en fr., el margen sin apéndices filiformes (excepto un apéndice apical 4 –7 mm, fi- liforme); pétalos blancos, 10 –12 mm, subenteros; estambres con los filamentos subiguales, las anteras dorsifijas, 0.5–0.75 mm; ovario súpero, 5(–7)-locular, glabro; estilo casi nulo. Frs. anaranjados a rojos o rosados, 1.8 –1.5 X 0.8 –1.4 cm, globosos a elípticos, glabros.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    Morphology

    Sepals lanceolate, 8–12 mm long, the filiform tips ± 3 mm long, shorter or longerthan the corolla.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Shrub or mostly small tree 2–9(–12) m tall (rarely more); bark tough; indumentum soft, somewhat viscid, densely velvety, of stellate and glandular hairs.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Petals white, broadly obovate, 7–12 mm long, 5–10.5 mm wide.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 6
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    Leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 5–14 cm long, 2–4.5(–5) cm wide, acuminate at the apex, paler grey beneath; petiole 3–6 mm long with dense tuft of hairs near base; stipules linear, 1.5–5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Peduncles 1.2 cm long, becoming 2.5 cm in fruit.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Seeds yellow, scarcely 0.5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Fig. 21.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Ovary flask-shaped, shortly stipitate.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Berries yellow turning red, ± globose, 8–15 mm in diameter.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Tree

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Rondônia

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    tamauãkaxinawa
    Calabura, Jamaica cherry F I

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Muntingiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • J
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).