Kyllinga odorata Vahl
  • Enum. Pl. Obs.
  • Whitehead sedge


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Kyllinga odorata Vahl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000454858. Accessed on: 18 Nov 2019'

General Information

Plants perennial, densely cespitose, rhizomatous. Culms (5–)10–25(–45) cm, smooth. Leaves flat to slightly folded, (6–)10–20(–30) cm × 2–3(–4) mm. Inflorescences: spikes 1–3(–4), whitish, ovoid to ellipsoid, 6–12(–18) × 4–8 mm; bracts (2–)3–4, horizontal, flat, (2–)3–4, 1–7(–9) cm × (0.5–)1–3(–4.5) mm. Spikelets (50–)75–150, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, (1.8–) 2.3–2.8(–3) × 1–1.3 mm; floral scales whitish, laterally 2–3-veined, broadly ovate, 2–2.5 × (1.3–)1.8–2.6 mm; stamens 2; anthers (0.4–)0.6–0.8(–1) mm; style 0.6–1 mm; stigmas 0.3–0.6 mm. Achenes reddish brown to dark brown, broadly ellipsoid, 1.2–1.5 × 0.7–0.8(–0.9) mm, base whitish, stipe to 0.1 mm, apex obtuse, apiculate, puncticulate.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    5. Kyllinga odorata Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 382 (1805). Holotipo: Sudamérica, von Rohr s.n. (C).

    Por C.D. Adams.

    Cyperus sesquiflorus (Torrey) Mattf. et Kük., Kyllinga sesquiflora Torrey.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Kyllinga odorata Vahl, Enum. Pl. 2: 382. 1805.

    Perennes en matas de hasta 45 cm de alto, rizomas horizontales a oblicuos, 3–6 mm de grueso, endurecidos, nudosos; culmos a intervalos de 5–12 mm, triquetros, 0.5–1.2 mm de grueso, bulbosos, engrosados basalmente. Hojas (1–) 3–7 (–10), hasta 20 (–30) cm de largo y 3 (–4) mm de ancho. Inflorescencia con 2–4 brácteas aproximadamente horizontales a ligeramente reflexas, espigas 1–3 (–4), densamente ovoides a cilíndricas, 6–12 (–18) mm de largo y 4–8 mm de ancho; espiguillas 50–150, ovadas a ovado-lanceoladas, 2–3 (–3.6) mm de largo y 1–1.3 mm de ancho; escamas ampliamente ovadas, 2–2.5 mm de largo y (1.2–) 1.8–2.6 mm de ancho, mucronadas, blanquecinas, frecuentemente punteadas de glándulas rojizas; estambres 2, anteras 0.4–0.8 mm de largo. Fruto oblongo-ovado, 1.2–1.5 mm de largo y 0.7–0.9 mm de ancho, apiculado, superficie café-rojiza a café obscura, estipitado.

    Ocasional a frecuente, en bosques de pinos y sitios alterados, en todo el país; 0–1300 m; fl y fr jun–dic; Stevens 9149, 10299; pantropical.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Perennial (?) with a short lignose fragrant rootstock, cespitose, culms 1-3 cm. high,-slender; leaves shorter than the culms, 2-3 mm. wide; heads 1-3, ovoid or cylindric, 6-12 mm. long; bracts 3-4, spreading to reflexed, up to 6 cm. long; spikelets 3-3.5 mm. long; scales subacute, opaque, the keel smooth and sometimes with yellowish glands.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
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    Plantas perennes, rizomatosas, el rizoma pequeño, con olor a té de limón; culmos 5–40 cm, lisos. Hojas máscortas que los tallos; lámina 2–4 mm de ancho, escabriúscula. Infl. con 3 ó 4 brácteas desiguales, foliiformes;cabezuela 1, ó 1–3 confluentes, verde blanquecino; espiga central 6–12 × 5–6 mm, oblongo-cilíndrica. Es-piguillas 2–3 × 0.8–1.3 mm, ovado-lanceoladas, comprimidas; glumas ovadas, (5–)7–9-nervadas; raquillaverde, lisa o con espínulas. Fls. con 2 estambres. Aquenios 1.1–1.5 × ca. 0.7 mm, oblongo-obovados, trunca-dos, estipitados, punticulados, pardos a negros.

  • Provided by: [C].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    Morphology

    Spikes white, generally several with the central spike cylindrical and large; spikelets ovate, glumes clearly nerved

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Tufted or with a short, slender rhizome, leafy

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Perennial herb, up to 0.54 m high. Central spike 8-16 mm long. Keel of glume wingless, glabrous or with 1 or 2 hairs. Anthers 2 per floret. Nut broadly obovoid, yellow when young, turning reddish brown and later black. Glumes white.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Ecology

    General in damp habitats.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Montane grassland.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Wet places. Widely distributed from Georgia and Florida southward to Uruguay; also in tropical Africa and Asia. Apparently rare in Panama.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
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    • 10
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Synonyms

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Whitehead sedge

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • I Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • J The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew