Musa acuminata Colla
  • Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino
  • BA-NANO, BANANO DÁTIL, BANANO ENANO, CLARET, GUINEO, GUINEO COLORADO, GUINEO MORADO,GUINEO DE SEDA.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Musa acuminata Colla. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000473834. Accessed on: 18 Sep 2021'

General Information

Pseudostems green with black blotches, ca. 4.8 m. Leaf sheath and petiole pruinose; petiole ca. 80 cm, margin erect or spreading and basally with scarious wings; leaf blade adaxially green and pruinose, abaxially yellow-green and pruinose or not, oblong, 1.9--2.3 m × 50--70 cm, base cordate, asymmetric, midvein adaxially green, abaxially white-yellow. Inflorescence subhorizontal or vertically reflexed; peduncle usually downy or hairy. Bracts bright red to dark violet, sometimes yellow at extreme apex, ovate, apex usually acute. Male flowers ca. 20 per bract, in 2 rows. Compound tepal white or cream, lemon yellow at apex, 3.5--4 cm, apex of outer lobes with a hooklike, hairy appendage; free tepal not more than 1/2 as long as compound tepal, apex emarginate, shortly apiculate. Infructescence ca. 1.2 m; peduncle to 70 × ca. 4 cm, white setose. Berries incurved, green to yellow-green, 5-angled when young, cylindric at maturity, ca. 9 cm, white setose, base curved and attenuate into a stalk, apex contracted into a rostrum 6--10 mm. Seeds numerous in wild plants but absent in cultivated clones, brown, depressed, 5--6 mm in diam., irregularly angled. 2 n = 22, 33.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Pseudostems heavily blotched with brown or black. Petioles: margins of adaxial groove erect, winged proximally. Inflorescences: pedicels short; bracts of staminate flowers lanceolate or narrowly ovate, apex acute, abaxial surface yellow, red, or dull purple, adaxial surface yellow proximally, often yellow or dull purple distally. Staminate flowers white or cream. Pistillate flowers: stigmas deep yellow or orange; each locule with 2 regular rows of ovules.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Musa acuminata Colla, Mem. Gen. Musa 66. 1820; M. cavendishii Lamb. ex Paxton.

    Hierbas, 4–7 m de alto. Lámina de las hojas 1.5–3 m de largo, no firme y no fácilmente lacerada por el viento. Brácteas de la inflorescencia lanceoladas a angostamente ovadas, rojas o purpúreo opacas o amarillas por fuera, rosadas o purpúreo opacas o amarillas por dentro; flores masculinas blanco cremosas. Fruto 12–20 cm de largo, amarillo cuando maduro, la pulpa amarillo pálida a intensa, dulce; semillas ausentes o raramente pocas.

    Probablemente cultivada en todas las zonas del país, menos frecuentemente que M. x paradisiaca; cultivada en todos los trópicos. Es uno de los padres de M. x paradisiaca; incluye muchos cultivares tal como 'Robusta'. Usada para postres. "Banano".

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Pseudotallos 3–5(–7) m, hasta ca. 25+ cm de diám. en la base. Hojas con pecíolo 60–90 cm, frecuente-mente glauco, rara vez rojo; lámina 2–2.5 m × 40–60 cm. Infl. horizontal o deflexa; pedúnculo y raquis porlo general ± densamente café-pubescente; brácteas ovadas, rojo brillante a violeta intenso externamente, ± glau-cas, amarillentas o rojo claro internamente (siempre pálidas hacia la base), débilmente sulcadas y ribeteadas.Fls. pistiladas ca. 16 por bráctea, en dos hileras; tépalo compuesto ca. 2.5(–4.5) cm, blanco, amarillento, oteñido de púrpura, el ápice blanco o amarillo; fls. estaminadas ca. 20 por bráctea, en dos hileras; tépalo compuesto3.5–4.5 cm, blanco, crema, amarillento, o anaranjado pálido, algunas veces purpúreo, el ápice amarillo limónpálido a amarillo anaranjado. Frs. maduros dirigidos hacia la base de la infl., generalmente 8–13 × 1.5–3 cm,amarillos o (rara vez) rojos; semillas (usualmente ausentes) irregularmente angulado-depresas, por lo generaldiminutamente tuberculadas, negro oscuro.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    Morphology

    Bracts of the ♂ part of the inflorescence red, quickly deciduous, each subtending ± 20 flowers.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Outer 3-lobed tepal of ♂ flowers 3.5-4.5 cm. long and ± 1.2 cm. wide, yellow above; inner tepal ± 1.5-2 cm. long, the apiculum 1-2 mm. long; stamens 5, 4-5 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Bracts of the ♀ part of the inflorescence red, deciduous, each subtending up to 16 flowers.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaf-blades oblong-lanceolate, to 2-2.5 × 0.4-0.6 m., apex truncate, base rounded, petiole and midrib green, somewhat glaucous.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Inflorescence appearing from the top of the pseudostem, horizontal or deflexed; peduncle pubescent.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Giant herb arising from a short horizontal branching rhizome.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Pseudostems formed from the overlapping leaf-bases, up to 5 m. high, usually less than 25 cm. in diameter.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Outer 3-lobed tepal ± 2.5 cm. long, yellow at the apex; free tepal ± 1.5 cm. long, translucent; ovary glabrous, or partially or entirely pubescent.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Fruits 10-20 in each group, each 8-13 cm. long, 1.5-3 cm. in diameter, first green but becoming yellow when fully ripe.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Seeds irregularly depressed-spherical, 6-7 × 3 mm., dull black.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    BA-NANO, BANANO DÁTIL, BANANO ENANO, CLARET, GUINEO, GUINEO COLORADO, GUINEO MORADO,GUINEO DE SEDA.

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Flora of North America Association
    Musaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).