Peperomia tetraphylla (G.Forst.) Hook. & Arn.
  • Bot. Beechey Voy.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Peperomia tetraphylla (G.Forst.) Hook. & Arn. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000479217. Accessed on: 05 Jun 2020'

General Information

Herbs perennial, fleshy, forming clumps, usually glabrous except for rachis and bases of bracts. Stolons present. Stems many branched, 10-30 cm, internodes thickly ridged. Leaves dense, ± uniform in size; petiole 1-2 mm, glabrous or pubescent; leaf blade broadly elliptic or suborbicular, 0.9-1.2 cm × 5-9 mm, fleshy, pale and usually wrinkled when dried, pellucid dotted, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, rarely densely pubescent, base and apex rounded, slightly revolute; veins 3, slender, usually inconspicuous. Spike terminal and axillary, solitary, 2-4.5 cm; peduncle sparsely pubescent to ± glabrous; bracts suborbicular, stalk short. Filaments short, thecae rounded-"D"-shaped. Ovary ovoid, inserted within excavations of rachis; stigmas capitate, pubescent. Nutlet subovoid, ca. 1 mm. Fl. Feb-Apr, Sep-Dec.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Peperomia tetraphylla Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beechey Voy. 97. 1841; Piper reflexum L. f.; Peperomia reflexa (L. f.) A. Dietr.; P. reflexifolia Trel.

    Epífitas, erectas, ocasionalmente reptantes, cespitosas, estoloníferas, esciófilas, carnosas; tallos 6–10 cm de largo, laxa a densamente ramificados, radicantes, cicatrices foliares discretas, entrenudos distales 1–2.5 cm de largo, entrenudos proximales 2–5 cm de largo, pelúcido-punteados, retrorso-puberulentos. Hojas verticiladas, uniformes en forma y tamaño a lo largo de los ejes, elíptico-ovadas, romboidales, 0.7–1.5 (–2) cm de largo y 0.6–1.2 cm de ancho, obtusas o levemente acuminadas apicalmente, cuneadas basalmente, pelúcido-punteadas, papiladas, puberulentas apicalmente, cartáceas y opacas cuando secas, inconspicuamente 2-palmatinervias; pecíolos 1–1.5 mm de largo, puberulentos. Inflorescencia simple, terminal, espigas solitarias, erectas, verde pálidas o amarillo pálidas, pedúnculo 1–2.5 (–4) cm de largo, densa y cortamente piloso, raquis 1.5–3.8 (–4) cm de largo, densa y cortamente piloso, parcialmente escondido por las brácteas florales, éstas membranáceas, densamente anaranjado pelúcido-punteadas, cortamente pilosas, flores densamente agrupadas en el raquis, sésiles; estigma apical. Fruto cilíndrico, 0.6–1 mm de largo, pelúcido-punteado, café obscuro, umbonado-mamiforme, el cuerpo del fruto basalmente fijado al raquis.

    Común, en bosques de encinos, en sitios parcialmente perturbados, zona norcentral; 1000–1600 m; fl y fr dic–may; Moreno 8176, Stevens 17084; pantropical.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Morphology

    Nuts brownish red, 1–1.2 mm. long, 0.3–0.4 mm. wide.

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    Fruit narrowly ellipsoid or ovoid, ± 1 mm. long, partly sunk into the rhachis with an indistinct cupule-like structure at base, and symmetrical style at apex.

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    Usually epiphytic herb, with tufted creeping glabrous stems, 5–27 cm. long, sometimes forming mats on tree branches, the stolons giving rise to more erect flowering shoots.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Spikes green or yellowish, (0.5–)1.5–4.5 cm. long; peduncle (0.6–)1–1.5(–3) cm. long; bracts round, 0.6 mm. wide, entire or crenate, usually glabrous.

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    Leaves sometimes reddish beneath, in whorls of (3–)4, elliptic to ± round, obovate or rhombic, 0.6–1.7 cm. long, 0.4–1.3 cm. wide, rounded at the apex, cuneate at the base, fleshy, shiny and glabrous, obscurely 3-nerved; petiole 1–3 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stems slender, simple or dichotomously branched, rooting at the lower nodes, 4-angled; lower internodes up to 5 cm long, very short towards the apex.

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    Perennial, usually epiphytic herbs with tufted creeping stems 6–20 cm long, sometimes forming mats on tree branches, the stolons giving rise to more erect flowering shoots.

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    Leaves (3)4-whorled, (4)6–15(18) ? (3)4–11(12.5) mm, elliptic, rhomboid, ovate, obovate-elliptic or almost rounded, broadly obtuse to rounded at the apex, rounded or broadly cuneate at the base, glabrous on upper surface, glabrous to subglabrous or puberulous beneath, thick, coriaceous, weakly shining, drying ± greyish-glaucous, longitudinally and ± obscurely 3-nerved.

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    Petiole subsessile or up to 15–30 mm long.

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    Inflorescence of solitary, terminal or axillary, green spikes; rhachis (8)12–30(40) mm long, shortly hairy; peduncle (6)10–18(25) mm long, glabrous.

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    Ovary ovoid, sunk in alveoli on the rhachis; stigma terminal.

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    Fruit c. 1 mm long, subcylindrical, with a pseudocupule at the base, covered with viscous glands.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Mat-forming, succulent herb, up to 200 mm tall, epiphyte. Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4 at nodes. Spikes yellowish green.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Creeping perennial to 15 cm, with jointed, divaricately branched stems rooting from nodes. Leaves in whorls of 4, rhomboid, leathery, 3-veined from base. Flowers in narrowly club-shaped, terminal spikes, green.

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    Perennial, decumbent herb, up to 150 mm high; epiphyte or lithophyte. Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4 at nodes, glabrous, succulent, greyish green; blade elliptic to ovate, ± 10-13 x 8-9 mm, base rounded, apex acute to rounded; petioles up to 7 mm long. Flowers: in yellowish, terminal spikes; densely crowded on rachis; Aug.-Mar.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habitat

    Lithophytic or epiphytic in forests.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    On tree trunks or rocks in shade.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland. Forest, on moss in shade of rocks or against trunks.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    Swellendam to tropical Africa, pantropical.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia
    • Pernambuco
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Goiás

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Piperaceae
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • I
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).