Papaver rhoeas L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Copprouse

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Papaver rhoeas L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs, annual, setose throughout, rarely glabrous. Stems erect, 25-90 cm tall, branched, yellowish setose. Leaves alternate; blade lanceolate or narrowly ovate, 3-15 × 1-6 cm, both surfaces yellowish setose, veins prominent abaxially and slightly concave adaxially, pinnatifid, below divided; lobes lanceolate and bipinnatilobate, above parted or again lobed; lobes lanceolate, uppermost one serrate-pinnatilobate, terminal lobes usually large; lobules apically acuminate; lower leaves petiolate but upper ones sessile. Flowers solitary on stem and branch apices, bowl-shaped, 6-9 cm in diam. Pedicel 10-15 cm, compressed yellowish setose. Flower buds nutant, oblong-obovoid, setose. Sepals 2, green, broadly elliptic, 1-1.8 cm, adaxially setose. Petals 4, rich scarlet, occasionally mauvish, pink, orange, or white, with or without a basal dark blotch or flecking, orbicular, transversely broadly elliptic or broadly obovate, 2.5-4.5 cm, overlapping, entire, rarely crenate or apex incised. Stamens many; filaments dark mauve or purplish, filamentous, ca. 8 mm; anthers blue, oblong, ca. 1 mm. Ovary obovoid, 7-10 mm, glabrous; stigmas 8-12, actinomorphic, united into compressed disk, margin crenate. Capsule broadly obovoid, 10-18 mm, glabrous, inconspicuously costate. Seeds many, reniform-oblong, ca. 1 mm. Fl. Mar-Aug. 2n = 14.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plants to 8 dm, hispid to setulose. Stems simple or usually branching. Leaves to 15 cm; distal often somewhat clustered. Inflorescences: peduncle sparsely to moderately spreading-hispid throughout. Flowers: petals white, pink, orange, or red, often with dark basal spot, to 3.5 cm; anthers bluish; stigmas 5-18, disc ± flat. Capsules sessile or substipitate, turbinate to subglobose, obscurely ribbed, to 2 cm, less than 2 times longer than broad.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Sparingly branched annual (biennial) to 1 m, ± hispid, the peduncles spreading-hispid throughout; lvs pinnately divided, the pinnae usually lobed or incised; buds 0.5–2 cm, pet 1.5–4 cm, variously red, purple, pink, white, or streaked, often with a basal dark spot; fr glabrous, ovoid to subglobose, 1–2 cm; stigmatic rays 8–15, typically 10; 2n=14. Native of Eurasia and N. Afr., widely escaped in our range, but seldom abundant. May–Sept."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Annual, rarely biennial, erect or ascending, (20-) 30-90 (-120) cm tall herb, branched, hispid or stiffly hairy with 1-3 mm long, spreading whitish hairs, sometimes subglabrous, rarely glabrous. Leaves large, up to 15 cm long and 6 cm broad; basal and lower leaves ± stalked, larger, and less dissected; upper leaves sessile or subsessile, more dissected with narrow bases; all leaves usually 1-2-pinnatifid with narrow acute, ± toothed, bristle-pointed segments, ±hispid, very variable in size and segmentation but usually with a larger and broader terminal segment. Peduncle (10-) 15-30 cm long, usually stiffly hairy with spreading bristles. Flower bud large, ovoid or broadly ellipsoid, 10-20 mm long, ± stiffly hairy. Flowers very variable in size (3-) 4-8 cm in diam., usually scarlet, violet, pink (rarely whitish), often with a basal dark blotch. Petals suborbicular, 2-4 (-5) cm broad. Stamens as long as the ovary, bluish; filaments linear; anthers c. 1 mm long, oblong. Capsule subglobose to broadly obovoid, 10-20 mm long, usually slightly longer than broad, with a rounded base abruptly narrowed into an inconspicuous very short stipe, glabrous; stigmatic rays 8-12 (-20), almost reaching the end of the somewhat overlapping marginal lobes of the disk: seeds very small, dark-brown.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Morphology

      30–70 cm hoch. Stängel einfach oder verzweigt, beblättert und behaart. Blätter 1–2fach fiederteilig, mit spitzen Zipfeln. Haare der Blütenstiele meist waagrecht abstehend. Kronblätter rot, 2–4 cm lang, am Grund oft mit dunklem Fleck. Fruchtkapse

    • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      • Source: [
      • 4
      • ]. 


      5–9. Äcker, Schuttplätze, kollin-montan(-subalpin). CH.

    • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      • Source: [
      • 4
      • ]. 

      Nationally Preferred Names

      Cailleach dheargIrishIE
      Common poppyEnglishIE

      Other Local Names

      Barróg ruadhIrishIE
      Common poppy, corn poppy, field poppy, Flanders poppy, coquelicot, amapola
      Papaver selvadiRaeto-RomanceCH
      Bláth na mbodhachIrishIE
      Corn poppyEnglishIE
      Caithleach deargIrishIE
      Blath na mbodaighIrishIE
      Scabby handsEnglishIE
      Loirgneach dhearcIrishIE
      Cáithligh dheirgIrishIE
      Papavero comuneItalianCH


       Information From

      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
      • A All Rights Reserved
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      Flora of North America @
      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • C Flora of North America Association
      Flora of Pakistan
      Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Of CHina @
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      Irish Vernacular Names
      • F All Rights Reserved
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      World Flora Online consortium
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).