Sterculia apetala (Jacq.) H.Karst.
  • Fl. Columb.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Sterculia apetala (Jacq.) H.Karst. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000491736. Accessed on: 10 Jul 2020'

General Information

Sterculia apetala (Jacq.) H. Karst., Fl. Columb. 2: 35. 1862; Helicteres apetala Jacq.; S. carthaginensis Cav.; S. chicha A. St.-Hil.

Arboles (7–) 17 (–50) m de alto. Hojas 2–5-lobadas, lobos subagudos, enteros, el central 9–20 cm de largo y 6–11 cm de ancho, base cordada, haz subglabra, envés densamente pubescente, con tricomas estrellados pequeños, lisas, coriáceas. Panículas amplias, 13–20 cm de largo, amontonadas en el extremo de las ramas; cáliz campanulado, velutino, lobos triangulares, sépalos 12–18 mm de largo y 6–8 mm de ancho, verde-amarillentos con manchas rojizas; androginóforo sigmoide, 6 mm de largo, tricomas punctiformes glandulares dispersos; flores estaminadas con 15 estambres; flores pistiladas con tubo estaminal cupuliforme, anteras aparentemente normales. Folículos 8–9 cm de largo y 4–5 cm de ancho; semillas subesféricas, lisas, negras.

Común, en bosques secos a húmedos, zonas pacífica y atlántica; 0–600 m; fl nov–abr, fr feb–nov; Grijalva 712, Ríos 320; México a Perú, Brasil y naturalizada en las Antillas. Las semillas son comestibles.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Tree up to 30-40 m. high, the trunk straight, thick and often with prominently developed buttresses, the crown broad and dense. Leaves simple, large, the petiole 8-24 cm. long, stellate-villous, the blade deeply 3- to 5-palmatilobate, the broad lobes rounded to subacute, deeply cordate at the base, up to 22 cm. long and 40 cm. wide, membranous, the upper surface glabrous except near the base of the 5 main nerves, the lower surface stellate-arachnoid when young, promptly glabres- cent, the nerves slightly prominent beneath. Inflorescences axillary or subterminal, paniculate, the axes densely stellate-vi llous-arachnoid. Flowers hermaphrodite or staminate, the pedicel 1-2 cm. long; calyx campanulate, 5-lobate, 1.5-2 cm. long and 1.5-2.5 cm. wide, often somewhat larger in the hermaphrodite flowers than in the staminate ones, the lobes triangular, acute and ca. 0.7-1.2 cm. long, reddish-brown, densely puberulous and with tufted hairs outside, greenish-yellow, striped-red or maroon and glabrous inside; gonophore of the staminate flowers slender, arcuate, inflexed, ca. 1-1.2 cm. long, scatteringly papillate, sometimes loosely stellate-puberulous toward the base, the staminal tube pendulous, somewhat thicker than the gonophore, ca. 1 mm. long and densely covered with short simple hairs, the anthers 15, ca. 0.75 mm. long, the rudimentar ovary ca. 0.75 mm. broad and glabrous; gonophore of the hermaphrodite flowers like in the staminate ones but only 6-8 mm. long, the staminal tube very short, the anthers 15, around the base of the ovary and ca. 0.75 mm. long, the ovary subglobose, 5-sulcate, ca. 0.4 mm. in diam., stellate-tomentellous, 5-locular, the styles reflexed, ca. 4 mm. long and stellate-tomentellous, the stigma obscurely 5-lobulate. Follicles obovoid, ca. 6 cm. long and 4 cm. thick, tomentellous outside, the inner surface covered with a dense layer of erect, stiff, yellowish and ca. 2 mm. long prickly hairs, 2- to 4-seeded; seeds oblong-ellipsoid, ca. 2 cm. long and 1.1-1.3 cm. in diam., the testa brown or black, covered with stiff, little adhesive, prickly hairs.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Tree

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    From southern Mexico through Central America to Panama, West Indies and northern South America; along rivers, in moist or dry thickets or forests.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Goiás

     Information From

    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • D Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).