Pontederia cordata L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 288 (1753)
  • Pontederia

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Pontederia cordata L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000500933. Accessed on: 23 Mar 2023'

General Information

Plants perennial, rooted in mud. Vegetative stems contracted, rhizomatous. Flowering stems erect, to 120 cm. Sessile leaves: blade linear. Petiolate leaves emersed; stipule 7–29 cm; petiole distinctly constricted just below blade, to 60 cm; blade lanceolate to cordate, 6–22 × 0.7–12 cm. Spikes with up to several hundred flowers, 2–15 cm; spathes 5–17 cm. Perianth mauve, tube 3–9 mm, limb lobes oblanceolate, 5–8 mm, distal central lobe with 2-lobed yellow spot; proximal stamens 7–13 mm, distal 1.5–6.3 mm; style 3-lobed. Utricles with dentate ridges, 4–6 × 2–3 mm.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    1. Pontederia cordata L., Sp. Pl. 288 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Reveal et al., 1987): Estados Unidos, Kalm s.n. (microficha MEXU! ex LINN-407.4). N.v.: Water lily, B.

    Por A. Novelo R. y A. Lot H.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Plant erect, emersed, up to 15 dm. tall, rooted in the mud. Petiole elongate, stipulate; leaf blade lanceolate, oblong-lanceolate, cordate, hastate, or sagittate, 3-20 cm. long, 2-15 cm. broad. Spathe loosely ensheathing the lower rachis, with inflorescence usually well exserted; inflorescence longer than broad, 3-13 cm. long; rachis and base of flowers lightly pubescent, sometimes glabrate in age, if glandular-pubescent the glands globular and less than 0.1 mm. in diameter. Flowers white to blue, 8-15 mm. long; tube 5-9 mm. long; stamens unequally adnate to the tube, the 3 lower not exserted beyond the tube; anthers orbicular or oblongoid, about 0.7 mm. long; filaments up to 9 mm. long; style elongate, about 8 mm. long, with a subcapitate, inconspicuously lobed stigma. Fruit oblong- pyriform or ovoid-pyriform, 4-7 mm. long, with longitudinal ridge-like crests.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Panama
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    Erect or nearly so, to 10 dm; basal lvs and lower stem-lf similar, long- petioled, the blade firm, broadly cordate to lanceolate, to 18 cm; spathe loosely sheathing, 3–6 cm; infl crowded, 5–15 cm; perianth funnelform, villous or shortly glandular-pubescent in bud, later often glabrate, violet-blue, rarely varying to white, the tube 5–7 mm, the lobes 7–10 mm; filaments pubescent; fr 5–10 mm, longer to sometimes shorter than wide; 2n=16. Marshes and shallow water; N.S. to Ont. and Minn., s. to S. Amer. (P. lanceolata)

  • Provided by: [G].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Stem: branch rhizomatose; internode short. Leaf: limb cordiform/elliptic; midrib foliar non evident. Inflorescence: bracteole(s) erect; rachis pubescent. Flower: colour lilac/white; lobe(s) 3 upper and 3 lower; tube and lobe(s) pilose; trichome short; filament pubescent; style puberulent. Fruit: achene winged.

  • Provided by: [B].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
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    Caule: caule(s) rizomatoso(s); entrenó(s) curto(s). Folha: limbo cordiforme(s)/elíptico(s); nervura-central foliar(es) não evidente(s). Inflorescência: bractéola(s) ereta(s); raque pubescente(s). Flor: cor lilás/branca; lobo(s) 3 superior(es) e 3 inferior(es); tubo e lobo(s) piloso(s); tricoma(s) curto(s); filete(s) pubescente(s); estilete(s) puberulento(s). Fruto: aquênio(s) alado(s).

  • Provided by: [B].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Tallo: caule(s) rizomatoso(s); entrenudo(s) corto(s). Hoja: limbo cordiforme(s)/elíptico(s); nervadura-central foliar(es) no evidente(s). Inflorescencia: bracteola(s) erecta(s); raquis pubescente(s). Flor: color lila/blanca; lobo(s) 3 superior(es) y 3 inferior(es); tubo y lobo(s) piloso(s); tricoma(s) corto(s); filamento(s) pubescente(s); estilo(s) puberulento(s). Fruto: aquenio(s) alado(s).

  • Provided by: [B].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Bis 1 m hoch. Stängel mit einem einzigen, gestielten Blatt. Grundständige Blätter bis 25 cm lang, schmal-herzförmig, vorn gerundet. Blütenstand eine vielblütige Ähre. Blüten blau, ca. 12 mm lang, flaumig behaart, deutlich 2lippig, Ober- und

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
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    Rooted herbaceous hygrophyte 1-2 m tall, with a horizontal rhizome, forming colonies. Stems long, sympodial, 1-leaved, leaves erect, exserted, with short petiole forming dilated sheath at base; lamina cordate (in typical variety) to ovate or 'lanceolate' (in var. ovalis), c. 230 x 70 mm, firm, smooth. Flowering stem emerging from sheathing base of leaf and about as long; peduncle short, pubescent, enveloped by large sheathing bract. Spike cylindrical, up to c. 100 mm long and 20 mm broad, flowers dense, clustered, blue, rarely white. Perianth c. 15 mm long, shortly pubescent on outside, funnel-shaped, upper lip broader than side-lobes, with yellow blotch in centre. Stamens unequal, upper shorter, included, lower exserted, filaments filiform, pubescent. Ovary: abortive carpels surviving as ridges on walls of ovary; style long or short, slender; stigma apical. Utricle enveloped by accrescent base of perianth.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    7–9. Auf schlammigem Grund in Schilfbeständen, kollin. GE, BE, BA, ZH u.a.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    A well-known decorative, cultivated aquatic, common in parks and gardens, recently found growing wild along riverbanks.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    South America, naturalized in North America. In Kwazulu; also said to occur in the eastern Cape.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul


    Other Local Names

    Pontédérie cordée, langue du boeuf
    Pontédérie à feuilles cordéesFrenchCH

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    The Brazilian Flora Group (2018): Brazilian Flora 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201869402 Dataset/Checklist: https://ckan.jbrj.gov.br/dataset/thebrazilfloragroup_feb2018
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Flora Mesoamericana
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Flora of North America Association
    Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • G Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Panama
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).