Benincasa pruriens f. hispida (Thunb.) Wilde & Duyfjes
  • Sandakania 17: 47 (2008)
  • fak khao (ฟักขาว)(Central)

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Benincasa pruriens f. hispida (Thunb.) Wilde & Duyfjes. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 28 Mar 2023'

General Information

Annual herb, shoots 2–7 m long, stem 3–5 mm diam., sparsely or densely grey or rusty hairy, hairs 2–5 mm long. Probract narrow-or broad-elliptic, (0.5–)1–2 cm long, acute or blunt. Tendrils 2- or 3-branched. Leaves: blade 5–7-angular or shallowly (sometimes deeply) lobed, 7–20 cm diam., cystoliths not apparent, base cordate, margin coarsely dentate, apex (of lobes) acute-acuminate; petiole 4–12(–20) cm long. Male flowers: pedicel 4–15 cm long, hairy; receptacle-tube broadly cup-shaped, 4–6 by 10–15 mm; sepals narrowly elliptic or linear, 10–20 mm long, acute, entire, or (deeply) 2–3-lobed or serrate; petals obovate to narrowly elliptic, 25–40(–70) mm long, subacute or obtuse, with minute mucro, hairy on veins outside, very densely pilose at point of insertion of stamens at ca ⅓ from the base in the receptacle-tube, the hairs screening off a small basal glabrous chamber without or with an inconspicuous disc at the bottom; filaments glabrous, erect, broad, 2–3 mm long; anthers somewhat connivent, 4–5 by 5–7(–10) mm, little exserted, thecae plicate along a broad, flat 3-lobed connective. Female flowers: perianth similar to male but smaller; pedicel 2–4 cm long; ovary densely hairy, (narrowly) ovoid or (narrowly) ellipsoid (cylindrical), 15–20(–40) by 5–10(–15) mm, style stout, 2–3 mm long, stigma stout, 5–10 mm diam., undulating because of 3 horseshoe-shaped lobes; disc a low ± undulating ring; staminodes inserted close to the disc, mostly inconspicuous, 1–2 mm long, flat. Fruit solitary, globose, ellipsoid or narrowly ellipsoid, 4–120 cm long, glabrescent; pericarp thin, leathery, when old woody, 1–1.5 mm thick; mesocarp ± absent or thick and fleshy; fruiting pedicel 3–5 cm long, usually curved, leaving a concave scar after breaking off. Seeds ovate elliptic, 7–10 by 4–7 mm, faces not ornamented, margin narrow, finely 2-grooved.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    Widely cultivated in SE Asia (and elsewhere), the wild form (Fig. 3.) mainly in C and E Malesia, Australia and in the Pacific.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    Young and ripe fruits and young shoots are used as vegetables.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Thailand

    Other Local Names

    fak khao (ฟักขาว)(Central)ThaiTHA
    fak khiao (ฟักเขียว)(Central)ThaiTHA
    fak chin (ฟักจีน)(Central)ThaiTHA
    faeng (แฟง)(Central)ThaiTHA
    mafak hom (มะฟักหอม)(Mae Hong Son)ThaiTHA
    khi phra (ขี้พร้า)(Peninsular)ThaiTHA
    di-mue (ดีหมือ)(Karen-Mae Hong Son)ThaiTHA
    lu-khe-sa (ลู่เค้ส่า)(Karen-Mae Hong Son)ThaiTHA
    mafak mon (มะฟักหม่น)(Northern)ThaiTHA
    mafak mon khom (มะฟักหม่นขม)(Northern)ThaiTHA
    fak (ฟัก)(General)ThaiTHA
    fak ching (ฟักจิง)(Northern)ThaiTHA
    mafak khom (มะฟักขม)(Northern)ThaiTHA
    fak khi mu (ฟักขี้หมู)(Northern)ThaiTHA

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of Thailand
    Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    • C Forest Herbarium All rights reserved