Abelmoschus moschatus Medik.
  • Malvenfam.
  • Musk okra


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Abelmoschus moschatus Medik. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000510888. Accessed on: 18 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs annual or perennial, (0.25-)1-2 m tall, most parts uniformly yellow hispid/setose, rarely glabrous or also pale pubescent, taproot tapered, not swollen. Stipules filiform, 7-8 mm; petiole 7-15 cm, sometimes densely pubescent along adaxial groove; leaf blade 6-15 cm in diam., very variable in form, usually palmately (3-)5-7-lobed, lobes lanceolate to triangular; blades on distal part of stem narrower, both surfaces sparsely hirsute, base cordate, margin irregularly serrate. Flowers solitary, axillary. Pedicel 2-3 cm, hirsute. Epicalyx lobes 6-10, linear to narrowly oblong, (8-)10-13 × 1.5-2 mm, incurved, appressed to capsule. Calyx spatulate, much longer than epicalyx, 2-3 cm, 5-parted, usually caducous, uniformly densely pubescent. Corolla 7-12 cm in diam., yellow with dark purple center; petals obovate. Staminal column ca. 2.5 cm, glabrous. Ovary hairy; style hairy, branches 5; stigma disk-shaped. Capsule oblong, 5-6 cm, apex acute, uniformly yellow hirsute. Seeds black-brown, reniform, concentrically ribbed, glandular-reticulate, with musk smell. Fl. Jun-Oct.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Abelmoschus moschatus Medik., Malvenfam. 46. 1787; Hibiscus abelmoschus L.

    Hierbas erectas, 1–3 m de alto; tallos retrorsamente híspidos. Hojas hastado- o palmati-partidas. Pedicelos 5–9 cm de largo, retrorsamente híspidos; bractéolas del calículo ca 9, 8–20 mm de largo y 1.5–2.5 mm de ancho, a veces persistentes; pétalos 7–8 cm de largo. Cápsulas 6–7 cm de largo, antrorsamente híspidas; semillas 4 mm de largo.

    Cultivada y naturalizada en vegetación secundaria, zona atlántica; 0–1000 m; fl y fr probablemente durante todo el año; Ortiz 126, Sandino 4525; planta del sureste de Asia hasta el norte de Australia, introducida en muchas partes de los trópicos. Las semillas masticadas se usan contra mordedura de serpiente y como substituto del café.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Herb or suffrutex, the stem somewhat woody below, up to about 3 m high, hirsute with long, mostly simple, spreading or retrorse, whitish hairs. Leaves with the petiole up to 15 cm long, spreading- or retrorse-hirsute, the stipules subulate, 6-8 mm long, hirsute; blade usually circular or subcircular in outline and up to 20 cm long and 24 cm broad, cordate or sagittate at the base, prominently 5-angulate to usually 3- or 5-palmatilobed or -fid, the segments from deltoid toi narrowly oblong-ovate, with the sinuses usually rounded, acute to long-acuminate at the apex, coarsely serrate to serrate-dentate or infrequently nearly entire at the margin, 5- or 7-palminerved, appressed-hirsute and with the venation prominent on both sides. Flowers solitary in the uppermost leaf axils, long-pedicellate, the pedicel terete, enlarged near the apex, up to 4 cm long, thickened and up to 10 cm long in fruit, spreading- or usually retrose-hirsute; epicalyx bractlets 8-10, very narrowly ovate, acute, 10-17 mm long and 1-2.5 mm broad, long-ciliate, persistent; calyx 2-3.5 cm long, 5-dentate and with the teeth up to 5 mm long, 15-nerved, appressed- hirtellous; petals asymmetrical, rounded at the apex, (4-)7-8 cm long, yellow with a dark purple spot at the base; staminal tube about 1/4-1/3 as long as the corolla; styles exceeding slightly the staminal tube. Capsule ovoid, acuminate, 5-7 cm long and 2-3 cm in diam, appressed-hispid; seeds globose-reniform, ca 3-4 mm long, the testa striate.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Hierba robusta, 1– 3 m, retrorsamente híspida. Hojas 6 – 21 X 6 – 21 cm, transversalmente elípticas a ± or- biculares, hastada a palmadamente lobuladas (con los lóbulos a menudo angostamente lineares), de otra forma crenado-serradas, sin nectarios foliares. Infls. axilares, de 1 fl. solitaria; pedicelos 50 – 90 mm. Fls. con calículo de ca. 9 brácteas 8 – 20 mm, filiformes a lanceoladas u oblongas, ± separadas, usualmente deciduas; cáliz 30 – 35 mm, espatáceo, que se divide asimétricamente en fl. y que cae con los pétalos; pétalos amarillos con una mancha oscura en la base, 70 – 80 mm; estilo 1, los estigmas 5, capitados. Frs. capsulares, 5-loculares, 6 –7 X 3 – 4 cm, fusiformes, antrorsamente adpreso-híspidos; semillas numerosas por lóculo, ca. 4 mm, reniformes, glabras pero estriadas con puntos de color ámbar.

  • Provided by: [I].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Herb or undershrub, erect 0.5-3 m tall. Stem simple and retrorse hairy, hispid to prickly. Leaves 6-30 cm long and broad, orbicular or broadly ovate, cordate at base, not or 3-7 lobed or parted, hispid on both sides; lobes deltoid to oblong-lanceolate, serrate to dentate or crenate or rarely entire; stipules linear or filiform, 6-12 mm long, simple hairy; petiole 2-30 cm long, hispid. Flowers axillary, solitary, pedicel 2-8 cm long, in fruit up to 19 cm. Epicalyx segments 6-10, 8-20 (-25) mm long, 1-2.5 (--5) mm broad, appressed, linear to lanceolate. Calyx 2-3.5 cm long. Corolla 10 cm across, yellow with a deep purple spot at the base; petals (3-) 7-9 cm long, 2-5.5 cm broad, ciliate at base. Staminal tube 1.5-2 cm long. Capsule 5-8 cm long, 2-3.5 cm across, ovoid to fusiform, densely simple hairy, usually hispid. Seeds 3-4 mm across, ovoid-reniform, usually glabrous or rarely stellate pubescent, black.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Herbe'robuste, atteignant 3 (4) m de haut, à rameaux et pétioles hispides.'Feuilles'polymorphes; pétiole de 10-15 cm de long; limbe 3-5-palmatilobé à palmatifide, parfois subhasté, de 10-15 cm de long et de large, à segments étroits très aigus, grossièrement dentés, hispides, à poils clairsemés.'Fleurs'axillaires, solitaires, à pédicelle de 3-10 cm de long; calicule à bractéoles linéaires-aiguës, de 12-15 mm de long et ± 1 mm de large, à poils clairsemés très caducs; calice à peine acuminé dans le bouton; corolle jaune à centre pourpre, de ± 6 cm de long.'Capsules'ovoïdes-fusiformes à paroi mince non rigide, couvertes de poils couchés.'Graines subglobuleuses, de 3 mm de diam., courtement velues.

  • Provided by: [A].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Herb

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Souvent cultivé et subspontané, défrichements, bords de routes, villages.

  • Provided by: [A].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    cultivated in the Old World as a fiber plant and for its musk- scented seeds, which are used in perfumery. Often planted as an ornamental in the American tropics.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Uses

    Les feuilles écrasées sont un remède contre les rhumatismes. Les graines, sous le nom d'ambrette, servent à préparer un parfum à odeur de musc.

  • Provided by: [A].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Musk okra

     Information From

    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • A http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).