Aesculus hippocastanum L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Crann cnó capaill


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Aesculus hippocastanum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000522287. Accessed on: 09 Dec 2021'

General Information

Trees to 30 m tall, to 2(-5) m d.b.h. Branchlets brown villous when young. Petiole 8-20 cm, glabrous; leaf blade 5-7-foliolate; leaflets sessile, abaxially green, oblanceolate, 10-25 × 5-12 cm, abaxially glabrous or with sparse whitish hairs, ferruginous tomentose (often densely so) at base and in axils of lateral veins, base cuneate, margin crenate-serrate with teeth crenulate-serrulate, apex acuminate to subcaudate; lateral veins in 18-25 pairs. Inflorescence glabrous or matted ferruginous villous and shortly whitish tomentose (whitish hairs mostly on pedicels); peduncle 2.5-5 cm; thyrse conic or cylindric-conic, 10-30 cm, 6-10 cm wide at base; branches 2.5-5 cm, 4-12-flowered; pedicels 3-6 mm. Calyx 5-6 mm, abaxially tomentose. Petals 4 or 5, white, with red spots and a yellow (later brown) claw, equal, ca. 11 mm, abaxially sparsely whitish tomentose or glabrous. Stamens 5-8, 10-20 mm; filament villous; anther 1-1.3 mm. Style glabrous except at base. Capsule brown, globose or subglobose, 2.5-4 × 2.5-6 cm excluding prickles, prickly; prickles subulate, slightly curved, to 10 mm; pericarp 3-5 mm thick after drying. Seeds 1-3(-6), glossy chestnut brown, subglobose, 2-4 cm; hilum pale brown, occupying 1/3-1/2 of seed. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Sep.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Tree to 25 m; winter-buds glutinous; lfls commonly 7(9), wedge-obovate, 1–2.5 dm, abruptly acute, irregularly serrate or biserrate, pubescent beneath when young, later glabrous; infls many-fld, ovoid-conic, 2–3 dm; cal 5–7 mm; upper and lateral pet with white rotund blade marked with red or yellow at the cordate base, on slender claws; fifth petal obovate, tapering to a broad claw, or wanting; fr echinate, 5 cm thick; 2n=40. Native of se. Europe and adj. Asia, occasionally escaped from cult. in our range. May."

  • Provided by: [A].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Bis 30 m hoher Baum. Blätter gefingert, mit 5–7 Teilblättern, diese verkehrt-eilanzettlich, fein gezähnt und kurz zugespitzt, bis über 20 cm lang. Blüten in grossen, aufrechten Trauben. Kronblätter 5, 10–15 mm lang, gestielt, kraus bewimpert

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    4–5. Angepflanzt und selten verwildert, kollin-montan. CH.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Crann cnó capaillIrishIE
    Horse-chestnutEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    MarronnierFrenchCH
    IppocastanoItalianCH
    Cran-geanmchnoIrishIE
    RosskastanieGermanCH
    Chastagner selvadiRaeto-RomanceCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • A Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Sapindaceae
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).