Agelanthus gracilis (Toelken & Wiens) Polhill & Wiens
  • Mistletoes Africa


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Agelanthus gracilis (Toelken & Wiens) Polhill & Wiens. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000523835. Accessed on: 29 Nov 2020'

Morphology

Calyx 0.5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Corolla 4.5–5 cm long, white, yellow or red, with an orange or yellow band below tip, glabrous, apiculate in bud, scarcely swollen at base; lobes erect, 13–16 mm long, upper three-quarters narrowly linear-oblanceolate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stamen filaments slender, incurved; anthers 4–5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Receptacle 1.5–2 mm long, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Flowers 2–6 at ends of short lateral shoots, occasionally also in shortly pedunculate axillary umbels; pedicels 5–10(12) mm long; bract limb 1.5–2 mm long, ovate-triangular.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Leaves opposite or alternate on long shoots, crowded and smaller at base of short shoots, then alternate, then opposite at tip; petiole 1–6 mm long; lamina dark green, thinly coriaceous, 8–45 × 3–15 mm, lanceolate to ovate-elliptic or oblanceolate, pointed to rounded at apex, cuneate at base, glabrous to minutely puberulous, with 2–6 pairs of lateral nerves, the lower ones ± strongly ascending.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Shrub generally less than 1 m high, flowering on short shoots; branchlets slightly compressed at first, puberulous, glabrescent and soon greyish-brown corky.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Berry whitish turning red, 8–9 × 7–8 mm, obovoid-globose, verruculose; seed blue-green with pink top.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Style filiform; stigma 0.6–0.8 mm across, capitate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Glabrous shrub, up to 1 m high, parasitic on species of various trees. Bud apex beaked to uncinate at maturity. Corolla tube not swollen at base, corolla base 1-2 mm wide. Style filiform. Flowers dark red withyellow band below apex.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Shrubs, mostly less than 1 m high, essentially glabrous. Stems greyish brown. Leaves opposite-subopposite, mostly lanceolate to ovate-elliptic, 15-30 x 5-15 mm, relatively chartaceous, often with 3 distinct basal veins, borne mostly on short spur-branches 10-30 mm long, in 2-4 pairs, basal pair often shorter and broader than upper; petioles subsessile to 4 mm long, often indistinct into the cuneate base. Inflorescence: flowers originating terminally from spur-branches in groups of 2-6; pedicels 6-8 mm long. Corolla without conspicuously swollen base, dark red with yellow band below apex, 35-40 mm long, tube split 7-9 mm below erect lobes; mature buds with apex shortly uncinate. Berries obovoid, 8-10 mm long, red.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Forest.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Occurring from the eastern Transvaal and Swaziland to southern Natal.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Parasitic on a large number of diverse hosts including species of Acacia, Acalypha, Dombeya, Ehretia, Zanthoxylum, Grewia, Maytenus, Olea, Berchemia, Plumbago, Tarchonanthus and Viscum.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Loranthaceae, R.M. Polhill and D. Wiens. Flora Zambesiaca 9:3. 2006
    • 2 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Mistletoes Africa
    • 4 Wiens, D; Toelken, HR. 1979. Loranthaceae and Viscaceae. Fl. S. Africa 10(1): 1 - 56. Botanical Research Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Loranthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).