Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
  • Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli
  • Bóchoinneal


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Alliaria petiolata (M.Bieb.) Cavara & Grande. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000526081. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Herbs biennial, with garlicy smell when crushed. Stems erect, (15-)30-90(-130) cm tall, simple or branched above, glabrous or pilose basally with trichomes to 1.5 mm. Basal leaves rosulate, withered by fruiting; petiole 3-10(-16) cm; leaf blade reniform or cordate, (0.6-)1.5-5(-7) cm wide, shorter in length, base cordate, margin crenate or dentate, glabrous or pilose. Cauline leaves with much shorter petioles, ovate, cordate, or deltoid, to 15 × 15 cm, base cordate or truncate, margin acutely to obtusely toothed, apex acute. Racemes ebracteate or rarely lowermost flowers bracteate. Fruiting pedicels divaricate or ascending, (2-)3-10(-15) mm, nearly as thick as fruit. Sepals oblong, (2-)2.5-3.5(-4.5) × 0.7-1.5 mm. Petals white, oblanceolate, (2.5-)4-8(-9) × (1.5-)2-3(-3.5) mm, attenuate to clawlike base. Filaments 2-3.5(-4.5) mm; anthers oblong, 0.7-1 mm. Fruit linear, (2-)3-7(-8) cm × 1.2-2.5 mm, subtorulose, quadrangular or subterete, divaricate-ascending; valves glabrous; style (0.2-)1-2(-3) mm. Seeds brown or black, narrowly oblong, 2-4.5 × 0.7-2 mm, longitudinally striate. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. May-Jul. 2n = 36, 42.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stems simple or branched distally, (1.5-)3-9(-13) dm; glabrous or pilose basally, trichomes to 1.5 mm. Basal leaves: petiole 3-16(-22) cm; blade reniform or cordate, (6-)15-88(-118) mm wide (shorter in length), surfaces glabrous or pilose. Cauline leaves: petiole shorter than basal; blade ovate, cordate, or deltate, to 15 × 15 cm, base cordate or truncate, margins acutely to obtusely toothed, apex acute. Racemes several-flowered. Fruiting pedicels terete, (2-)3-10(-15) mm. Flowers: sepals (2-)2.5-3.5(-4.5) × 0.7-1.5 mm; petals (2.5-)4-8 (-9) × (1.5-)2-3(-3.5) mm, base attenuate to clawlike; filaments 2-3.5(-4.5) mm; anthers oblong, 0.7-1 mm. Fruits divaricate-ascending, subtorulose, quadrangular or subterete, (2-)3-7(-8) cm × 1.2-2.5 mm; style (0.2-) 1-2(-3) mm. Seeds dark brown or black, narrowly oblong, 2-4.5 × 0.7-2 mm. 2n = 42.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Biennial to 1 m, simple or little-branched, glabrous or with a few simple hairs; lower lvs reniform, the others deltoid, 3–6 cm long and wide, acute, coarsely toothed; pet 5–6 mm; mature pedicels stout, 5 mm; frs widely divergent, 4–6 cm; seeds black, 3 mm; 2n=42. Native of Europe, now found as a weed in gardens and moist woods throughout most of our range. May, June. (A. alliaria; A. officinalis)"

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Annual or biennial herb, 20-30(-40) cm tall, erect, sparsely branched or simple, glabrous above and sparsely hairy below. Basal leaves loosely rosulate, cordate to reniform, long-petioled, dentate; lamina usually 10-15 cm long, 2-6 cm broad; cauline leaves often ovate-triangular, dentate, shortly stalked; all leaves thin or submembranous, pale greem. Racemes 15-30-flowered, up to 30 cm long in fruit, lax. Flowers c. 5 mm across, white; pedicels 5-8 mm long in fruit, strong and thickened, spreading. Sepals c. 2.5 mm long. Petals (5-)6-8 mm long, c. 2 mm broad. Stamens c. 2.5: 3.5 mm long; anthers c. 1 mm long. Siliquae (30-) 45-60(-70) mm long, c. 2 (-2.5) mm broad, linear-terete, often straight, suberect or erect; style 1-3 mm long with a depressed stigma; seeds many, c. 3 mm long, 1 mm broad, oblong, dark-brown to almost black, longitudinally striated.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    20–90 cm hoch. Stängel im unteren Teil abstehend behaart. Untere Blätter herz- bis nierenförmig, ausgeschweift gezähnt, lang gestielt, beim Zerreiben nach Knoblauch riechend. Kronblätter weiss, 4–6 mm lang. Früchte zylindrisch, 2–7 cm lang,

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    4–6. Gebüsche, Schuttplätze, kollin-montan. CH.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    BóchoinnealIrishIE
    Garlic mustardEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Garbhlach cuilm (colaim)IrishIE
    AlliariaRaeto-RomanceCH
    Lus an óirIrishIE
    Gáirleóg choilleadhIrishIE
    Bó chuinneallIrishIE
    Gairealach (-aigh) collaimIrishIE
    Alliaria comuneItalianCH
    Hedge garlicEnglishIE
    KnoblauchhederichGermanCH
    Jack-by-the-hedgeEnglishIE
    Alliaire officinaleFrenchCH

     Information From

    Brassicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • G All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).