Amaranthus caudatus L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Love-lies-bleeding, purple amaranth, foxtail amaranth, quilete

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Amaranthus caudatus L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 18 Sep 2021'

General Information

Stem erect, green, ca. 1.5 m tall, strong, angular, slightly branched or not, glabrous when mature. Petiole green, 1-15 cm, pilose; leaf blade green or red, rhombic-ovate or rhombic-lanceolate, 4-15 × 2-8 cm, both surfaces glabrous, base cuneate, margin entire or undulate, apex acuminate or obtuse. Complex thyrsoid structures terminal, pendulous, much branched, composed of many spikes. Bracts red, lanceolate, ca. 3 mm, transparent, with a midvein abaxially, apex apiculate. Tepals red, shorter than fruit, 2-2.5 mm, transparent, overlapping at margins, with a midvein; male segments oblong; female segments oblong-lanceolate. Stamens 5; stigmas 3, shorter than 1 mm. Utricles red above, subglobose, ca. 3 mm in diam., longer than perianth, circumscissile. Seeds light yellowish brown, subglobose. Fl. Jul-Aug, fr. Sep-Oct. 2n = 32*, 64.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Plants moderately pubescent distally, becoming glabrescent at maturity. Stems erect, usually green, moderately branched, rarely nearly simple, 0.5-1.5(-2.5) m. Leaves: petiole shorter than to equaling blade; blade rhombic-ovate, ovate, or elliptic to broadly lanceolate, 5-15(-20) × 2-10 cm, base cuneate, margins entire, apex acute to subobtuse, with mucro. Inflorescences terminal, drooping or nodding, usually red, purple, or white, less commonly green, silvery green, or yellow, usually much-branched at base, leafless at least distally, very large and robust. Bracts narrowly lanceolate to linear, equaling or subequal to tepals, not exceeding style branches, apex acuminate with excurrent midrib. Pistillate flowers: tepals 5, spatulate-obovate or lanceolate-obovate, not clawed, subequal, (1-)1.5-2(-2.5) mm, membranaceous, apex obtuse, slightly emarginate, or subacute with mucro; style branches spreading or reflexed; stigmas 3. Staminate flowers mostly at tips of inflorescences; tepals (4-)5; stamens 5. Utricles broadly ovoid to subglobose, 1.5-2(-2.5) mm, ± equaling tepals, dehiscence regularly circumscissile. Seeds dark brown to brownish black or reddish brown, yellowish white, or ivory, lenticular to subglobose, 1-1.2(-1.5) mm diam., smooth or indistinctly punctate.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    "Cult. ornamental and grain-amaranth, apparently derived from the S. Amer. A. quitensis Kunth; monoecious, stout, erect, to 2 m; lvs long-petioled, elliptic to rhombic-ovate, to 2 dm; infl large and showy, generally bright red in life, composed of several to many drooping, spike-like thyrses, the terminal one 1–3 dm, much longer than the lateral; bract of the pistillate fls with slender midrib, not surpassing the fr; sep 5, outcurved above, the inner spatulate and obtuse or emarginate, all over 2 mm and nearly equaling the fr; style-branches slender, spreading from the base; seed most commonly pale ivory, and when fresh flushed with red around the rim, less commonly dark brown; 2n=32, 34. Amer. cultigen, originally cult. for grain, now relictual as a grain-plant, but widely cult. as an ornamental, occasionally escaping or persistent, but scarcely established in our range."

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual herb, erect, up to c. 1.5 m in height, commonly reddish or purplish throughout. Stem rather stout, not or sparingly branched, glabrous or thinly furnished with rather long, multicellular hairs which are increasingly numerous upwards. Leaves glabrous, or ± sparingly pilose along the margins and lower surface of the primary venation, long-petiolate (petiole to c. 8 cm but not longer than the lamina), lamina broadly ovate to rhomboid-ovate or ovate-elliptic, 2.5-15 x 1-8 cm, obtuse to subacute at the mucronulate tip, shortly cuneate to attenuate below. Flowers in axillary and terminal spikes formed of increasingly approximated cymose clusters, the terminal inflorescence varying from a single, elongate, tail-like, pendulous spike, to 30 cm or more long and c. 1.5 cm wide, to a panicle with the ultimate spike so formed; male and female flowers intermixed throughout the spikes. Bracts and bracteoles deltoid-ovate, pale-membranous, acuminate and with a long, pale or reddish, rigid, erect arista formed by the yellow-green or reddish stout, excurrent midrib, the longest up to twice as long as the perianth. Perianth segments 5; those of the male flowers oblong-elliptic, 2.5-3.5 mm, acute, aristate; those of the female flowers 1.75-2.5 mm, broadly obovate to spathulate, distinctly imbricate, abruptly narrowed to a blunt or sometimes faintly emarginate, mucronate tip. Stigmas 3, c. 0.75 mm, erect or flexuose. Capsule 2-2.5 mm, ovoid-globose, circumscissile, slightly urceolate, the lid smooth or furrowed below, abruptly narrowed to a short, thick neck. Seeds shining, compressed, black, almost smooth, or commonly subspherical with a thick yellowish margin and a translucent centre, c. 0.75-1.25 mm.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 


    Herbe' annuelle, robuste, glabre (sauf les parties jeunes), souvent colorée d'anthocyanine dans toutes ses parties.' Tiges' dressées, assez ramifiées, anguleuses et canaliculées in sicco, pouvant dépasser 1 m de haut et 1 cm de diam.' Feuilles' obovales-rhomboédriques ou elliptiques, à bords ondulés, les plus grandes atteignant 15 cm de long et 6 cm de large, avec un pétiole de 6 cm de long, les plus petites (sur la même tige) de 2,5 cm de long et de 1 cm de large.' Inflorescence' terminale en ample panicule d'épis denses, pouvant atteindre dans son ensemble 40 cm de long et 7 cm de large, dont 15-20 cm de long et 1 cm de large pour l'épi terminal; épis formés de glomérules subsphériques se touchant par leur périphérie, et pendants depuis leur base; bractéoles ovales, aristées de 3 mm de long.' Périgone' ♀ à 5 segments assez largement obovales ou spatulés (surtout les 3 internes), brièvement apiculés, à bords se recouvrant nettement autour de l'ovaire qu'ils dépassent nettement pendant l'anthèse.' Fruit' pyxidiforme 3 (4)-cuspidé.' Graine noire et comprimée (var. alopecurus Moq.), ou blanche et subsphérique [var. leucospermus (Wats.) Thell.], de 1 mm de diam.

  • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • 30–100 cm hoch, einfach oder verzweigt. Pflanze einhäusig. Blätter eilanzettlich, ganzrandig, gestielt, wechselständig. Blütenstand lang und dicht ährig (z.T. kugelig), rot, meist vom Grund an überhängend, aus zahlreichen kugeligen Blütenknä

    • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 


      7–9. Als Zierpflanze kultiviert und gelegentlich verwildert.

    • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      • Source: [
      • 6
      • ]. 


      Cultures indigènes; parfois subspontané ?

    • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
      • Distribution

        Régions tropicales et subtropicales

      • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
        • Uses

          Graines consommées par les indigènes, probablement grillées, écrasées et mêlées à l'eau.

        • Provided by: [B].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
          • Distribution Map

            • Introduced distribution
            Introduced into
            • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
            • Paraní
            • Santa Catarina
            • Minas Gerais
            • Rio de Janeiro
            • São Paulo

            Other Local Names

            Love-lies-bleeding, purple amaranth, foxtail amaranth, quilete
            Amaranto coda rossaItalianCH
            Queue de renardFrenchCH


             Information From

            World Flora Online Data. 2017.
            • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
            Flore d'Afrique Centrale
            • B Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
            Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
            Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
            • C All Rights Reserved
            Flora of Pakistan
            Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
            • D Missouri Botanical Garden
            New York Botanical Garden
            Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
            • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
            Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
            Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
            • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
            Flora Of CHina @
            'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
            • G Missouri Botanical Garden
            Flora of North America @
            'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
            • H Flora of North America Association
            World Flora Online consortium
            World Flora Online Data. 2018.
            • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).