Plants cespitose; rhizomes brownish, short, tough, fibrous. Culms: fertile ones upright or reclining; nodes sometimes with axillary bulblets. Leaves 5–9 per culm; sheaths of proximal leaves green to whitish or brown; proximal sheaths and blades with septa many, conspicuous; blades 32–68 cm × 7–13(–16) mm. Inflorescences terminal, rarely also with 1 lateral inflorescence from distal leaf axil; rays all arching or sometimes 1 or 2 ascending, distal branches scabrous, proximal branches smooth, rarely scabrellous, rays sometimes with axillary bulblets; bases of involucral bracts green, margins usually speckled with red-brown, not glutinous. Spikelets in clusters of 2–18 (largest cluster with 8 or more), spikelets sessile, ovoid to narrowly ovoid, 3–5 × 2–3 mm; scales brown or blackish brown with greenish midribs, elliptic, 1.5–2.5 mm, apex slightly mucronate, mucro 0.05–0.1(–0.2) mm. Flowers: perianth bristles persistent, 6, stout, straight or curved, slightly shorter to slightly longer than achene, with retrorse, thick-walled, sharp-pointed teeth densely arranged in distal 0.6–0.9, enclosed within scales; styles 3-fid. Achenes pale brown, elliptic to obovate in outline, plano-convex, 1.1–1.7 × 0.6–0.8 mm. 2n = 54.
|Scirpe à crochets|