Apium graveolens L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Smaileog


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Apium graveolens L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000540626. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2021'

General Information

Plants 15–150 cm, strongly fragrant. Basal leaves oblong to obovate, 7–18 × 3.5–8 cm, 3-lobed to 3-parted; ultimate segments subrhombic, 1.2–2.5 × 0.8–2.5 cm, crenate or serrate. Upper leaves short-petiolate; blade broad-triangular, usually 3-parted, ultimate segments obovate. Umbels 1.5–4 cm across, usually leaf-opposed; peduncles usually short, 4–15 mm, stout, rarely obsolete; rays 3–8(–16), 0.5–2.5 cm, slender; umbellules 7–25-flowered, 6–9 mm across; pedicels 1–1.5 mm. Fruit 1.3–1.5 × 1–2 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr–Jul.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    1. Apium graveolens L., Sp. Pl. 264 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Tardieu-Blot, 1967): Italia, Anon. (LINN-374.3). Ilustr.: Mathias et al., Fl. Il. Catarin. Umbelíferas 69, t. 21 (1972). N.v.: Apio.

    Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

    Plantas 50-150 cm, perennes, terrestres, erectas o ascendentes desde una raíz axonomorfa. Hojas 7-18 × 3.5-8 cm, oblongas a obovadas, simple-pinnadas, los folíolos 1-6 × 2.5 cm, ovados a suborbiculares u obovados, 3-lobados y groseramente dentados; pecíolos 3-20 cm. Pedúnculos hasta 1.5 cm, en su mayoría laterales, ocasionalmente ausentes; involucro e involucelo ausentes; radios 6-16, 0.7-2.5 cm; pedicelos 1-6 mm. Dientes del cáliz ausentes; pétalos ovados a orbiculares, blanco-verdosos; estilos casi tan largos como el estilopodio bajo-cónico. Frutos c. 1.5 × 1.5-2 mm, subglobosos a elipsoides; carpóforo 2-fido; costillas filiformes, agudas, más angostas que los intervalos. Cultivada y esporádicamente adventicia en lugares mojados. Y (Standley, 1930: 374); B (Balick et al., 2000: 120); G ( Standley 62929, F); H ( Standley 20993, F); ES (Standley y Calderón, 1941: 374); CR (Standley, 1938: 859). 600-2200 m. (Nativa de Eurasia; a lo largo del hemisferio occidental.)

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
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    "Taprooted perennial to 1 m, branched above; lvs once-pinnate; lfls 3–9, broadly triangular to suborbicular, usually deeply 3-lobed into cuneate-obovate, serrate or incised segments; umbels sessile or short-pedunculate, the several rays 1–2 cm; proper invol and involucel none, but some of the numerous umbels sometimes sessile and closely subtended by one or more reduced leaves; 2n=22. Native of Eurasia, occasionally escaped in our range, but scarcely persistent. May–July. (Celeri g.) Three other spp. are merely casual with us. A. leptophyllum (Pers.) F. Muell., of trop. and subtrop. Amer., is an annual with filiform lf-segments. A. repens (Jacq.) Lag. and A. nodiflorum (L.) Lag. are Mediterranean rhizomatous perennials. The former has a well developed involucre, the latter does not."

  • Provided by: [I].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Plants c. I m tall, glabrous, branched. Leaves pinnate; leaflets 1-6 cm long, oval to obovate, usually 3-lobed, sinuate to entire. Peduncle c. cm long or lack¬ing. Bracts and bractlets lacking. Rays 2-10. Calyx teeth minute. Carpophore bifid. Fruit ovoid to suborbicular, 1-1.5 mm long, I-1.2 mm broad; ridges prominent; furrows 1-vittate; commissure 2-vittate.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Lower leaves simply pinnate, 10–14 cm. long, with deltate-rhomboid segments up to 4·5 cm. long, often deeply 3-lobed; bases distinctly sheathing; the lower ones obviously petiolate, the uppermost more or less sessile.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stem with prominent rather coarse grooves, rising from a large fleshy taproot.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Umbels terminal and lateral, shortly pedunculate or ± sessile in leaf axils.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stem leaves ternate with rhomboid segments to narrowly lanceolate-elliptic and subentire above.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Bracts 0, rays 7–15, up to 2·5 cm. long, rather unequal; bracteoles 0, with flowers on pedicels of 1–5 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Calyx teeth obsolete; petals greenish-white.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Fruit c. 1·5 mm. long, very broadly ovoid; stylopodium depressed; styles c. 0·5 mm. long; carpophore shortly 2-cleft.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Vittae solitary in the intervals and 2 on the commissural face.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    An erect biennial or perennial herb, with the characteristic smell of celery, up to 1 m. or sometimes a little more.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    30–100 cm hoch, kahl, dunkelgrün glänzend, aromatisch. Blätter einfach gefiedert, Teilblätter ± rhombisch, die untersten 3teilig, vorn tief gezähnt, am Grund keilförmig. Dolden 5–10strahlig, die unteren ± sitzend, ohne Hüllen und Hüllchen. K

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Biennial or perennial, robust, strongly smelling herb, 0.3-1.0 m high. Leaves simply pinnate; segments ± deltoid, lobed and crenate-serrate. Involucel wanting. Fruits with broad furrows between slender ribs. Flowers white or greenish white.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Biennial or perennial herb. Flowering stems up to 1 m high; erect, glabrous, yellowish green. Leaves radical and cauline, compound; blade 1- or 2-pinnate; segments ± deltoid, margins lobed, crenate-serrate, upper ones becoming sessile. Flowers: umbels shortly stalked or sessile; involucral bracts 0; white or greenish white; Oct.-Dec., May. Fruit with broad furrows between slender ribs.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    6–10. Als Gemüsepflanze kultiviert und gelegentlich verwildert, kollin-montan.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    In wet ditches and along riverbanks.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Dry Grassland. In wet ditches and along riverbanks.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native of Europe and Asia.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Native to Europe and Asia.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    • Introduced distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Santa Catarina

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    SmaileogIrishIE
    Wild celeryEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    aipo; aipo d'água; aipo dos pântanosPortuguese
    SellerinRaeto-RomanceCH
    CéleriFrenchCH
    SellerieGermanCH
    Peirsil mhór (-le moire)IrishIE
    Lus na smaileógIrishIE
    Sedano comuneItalianCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • D Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • I Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • J All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • L All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • M See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use