Arctopus echinatus L.
  • Sp. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Arctopus echinatus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000543425. Accessed on: 31 Oct 2020'

Morphology

Dioecious, acaulescent perennial; root large, tuberous, resinous. Leaves large, prostrate,± orbicular, lobed to lacerate, toothed, with inflexed spines in leaf recesses. Male flowers pedunculate, cream-coloured. Female flowers sessile, greenish. Involucel bracts prominent, ovate, apex acute, keeled. Fruit slightly dorsally compressed, usually with one mericarp aborted, mericarps spiny, brown, separating when mature, homomorphic, vittae absent, rib oil ducts small.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Dioecious, acaulescent perennial. Root large, tuberous, resinous. Leaves large, prostrate, ovate to orbicular and lobed to lacerate, margins toothed, prominent, inflexed spines in leaf recesses, bases narrow. Male flowers pedunculate, cream-coloured. Female flowers sessile, greenish. Involucel bracts prominent, ovate, apex acute, keeled, with 1 or 2 inflexed lateral spines, not much enlarging and leathery in fruit. Fruit slightly dorsally compressed, usually with one mericarp aborted, mericarps spiny, separating, vittae absent, rib oil ducts small.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Sand and granite flats and slopes.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Sand and granite flats and slopes.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution


  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Bokkeveld Mountains, Roggeveld, to Alexandria.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Bokkeveld Mtns and W Karoo to Alexandria.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).