Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.
  • Encycl.
  • Jaca

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Trees 10-20 m tall, d.b.h. 30-50 cm, evergreen. Mature trees with tubular roots. Bark blackish brown, thick. Branchlets furrowed to smooth, 2-6 mm thick, glabrous. Stipules amplexicaul, ovate, 1.5-8 cm, with or without bent pubescence, caducous, scar annular and conspicuous. Leaves spirally arranged; petiole 1-3 cm; leaf blade elliptic to obovate, 7-15(or more) × 3-7 cm, lobed on new growth of young trees, leathery, abaxially pale green and with scattered globose to ellipsoid resin cells, adaxially dark green, glabrous, and shiny, base cuneate, margin of mature leaves entire, apex blunt to acuminate; midvein abaxially conspicuously prominent, secondary veins 6-8 on each side of midvein; leaves on mature trees entire. Inflorescences on old stems or brachyblasts. Male inflorescences axillary on apical branchlet, sometimes axillary on axillary brachyblasts, cylindric to conic-ellipsoid, 2-7 cm, many-flowered but some sterile; peduncle 1-5 cm. Female inflorescences with a globose fleshy rachis. Male flowers: calyx tubular, apically 2-lobed, 1-1.5 mm, pubescent; filament straight in bud; anther ellipsoid. Female flowers: calyx tubular, apically lobed; ovary 1-celled. Fruiting syncarp pale yellow when young, yellowish brown when mature, ellipsoid, globose, or irregularly shaped, 30-100 × 25-50 cm, with stiff hexagonal tubercles and thick hairs. Drupes narrowly elliptic, ca. 3 × 1.5-2 cm. Fl. Feb-Mar.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    2. Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam., Encycl. 3: 209 (1789). Lectotipo (designado por Jarrett, 1959): Mauricio, Commerson s.n. (P!). Ilustr.: Wu et al. Fl. China Ill. 5: t. 37 (2004).

    Por C.C. Berg

    Artocarpus integrifolius L. f.

    Árboles hasta 10(-15) m. Ramitas foliosas 3-7 mm de grueso, glabras. Hojas 6-25 × 3-11 cm, la base aguda a redondeada, los márgenes enteros, el ápice cortamente acuminado, ambas superficies glabras o subglabras; nervaduras laterales 5-10 pares, las nervaduras terciarias escalariformes; estípulas 1.5-8 cm, adpreso-pubérulas a glabras; pecíolo 1-2.5 cm. Inflorescencias generalmente sobre ramitas de la madera más vieja del tronco y las ramas principales. Inflorescencias estaminadas 2.5-10 × 0.7-2.5 cm, claviformes; pedúnculo 1.5-5 cm. Inflorescencias pistiladas 5-10 × 3-6 cm, en fruto hasta 30-60(-100) × 25-40(-50) cm, elipsoidales a obovoides a oblongoides, cubiertas con procesos cónicos; pedúnculo 5-10 cm, ampliado en el ápice; estigmas 1-2 mm. Cultivada. G (Tonduz y Rojas 27, MO); H (Molina R. 31564, F); CR (Brenes y Valerio 72, F); P (Peterson y Annable 7336, MO). 0-800 m. (Nativa de Asia; cultivada en Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Antillas, África, Hawái, Mauricio.)

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Evergreen, 10-15 (-20) m tall tree with dense crown. Trunk 3-4 m in circumference, with reddish-brown, smooth bark, young twigs glabrous. Leaves with 2-3 cm long petiole; lamina elliptic to obovate, (5-) 8-15 (-20) cm long, (3.5-) 4-10 (-12) cm broad, leathery, entire or 3-lobed on young shoots, dark green and glossy above, glabrous, base cuneate, obtuse to subacute at tips; stipules large, spathaceous, 5-8 cm long. Male inflorescence terminal or axillary, cylindric to clavate, (2.5-) 3-8 (-10) cm long, 1-2.5 cm across; peduncles up to 6 cm long. Female inflorescence borne on main trunk and old branches, cylindric or oblong, tubercled and larger in size than male. Syncarp oblong-globose, hanging on trunk, massive, 25-100 cm long, 20-25 cm in diameter, fleshy, tuberculate, brown externally, pulp yellow to light orange. Seeds ± reniform, 2-3 cm long, embeded in the pulp.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 


    Inflorescences on the main branches and the trunk.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Lamina ± 10–20 × 6–10 cm., entire.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Common Names

    The Jack-fruit.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Mato Grosso

    Other Local Names


     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Mesoamericana
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • H
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • I The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).