Averrhoa carambola L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • carambola


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Averrhoa carambola L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000557405. Accessed on: 23 Oct 2021'

General Information

Plants 3-12(-15) m tall, densely branched, young parts finely pubescent or glabrous. Leaves 7-25 cm; petiole 2-8 cm; leaflets (3-)5-13; petiolules 1-2.5 mm; leaflet blades ovate to elliptic, 3-8 × 1.5-4.5 cm, abaxially pubescent to nearly glabrous, base obliquely rounded, apex acute to acuminate. Inflorescences axillary or rameal, panicles or cymes, branches and flower buds crimson. Flowers numerous, small. Sepals narrowly elliptic, 3-5 mm, base sparingly pubescent. Petals white with purple markings or pink to red with darker markings, 6-9 × 3-4 mm. Shorter stamens sterile, occasionally 1 or 2 fertile. Ovary pubescent. Berry yellow to yellow-brown, oblong, 7-13 × 5-8 cm, deeply (3-)5(or 6)-ribbed, stellate in cross section, very fleshy. Seeds numerous, blackish brown. Fl. Apr-Dec, fr. Jul-Dec.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Averrhoa carambola L., Sp. Pl. 428. 1753.

    5 m de alto. Hojas distribuidas a lo largo de las ramas, 7.5–18 cm de largo; folíolos 5–11, elíptico-ovados a oblongo-ovados, 2–8.5 cm de largo y 1.5–4.5 cm de ancho, ápice cortamente acuminado, base redondeada a subcuneada, pubescencia decidua, a menudo persistente sobre el nervio principal, peciólulos gruesos, 1–3 mm de largo; pecíolos 1.5–3.5 cm de largo. Cimas con 1–11 flores; sépalos obovados, 3–4 mm de largo, obtusos; pétalos 6.5–8.5 mm de largo y 1.5–2.2 mm de ancho, rosado-púrpuras, pálidos en los márgenes; estambres fértiles 5 y estaminodios 5, en general basalmente connados, menudamente puberulentos; ovario elíptico, carpelos 3–5-ovulados. Fruto ovado a elíptico, marcadamente 5-angulado.

    Cultivada en las zonas pacífica y atlántica; 0–100 m; fl y fr feb–oct; Sandino 3477, Stevens 20039; sur de México a Sudamérica. "Melocotón".

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
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    Tree to 25 m tall, 25 cm diam., abundantly branched; branches sometimes drooping; pubescence of short curved whitish to reddish ascending deciduous hairs. Leaves disposed along the branches, 3-8 jugate, the leaflets alternate or subopposite, discolorous, variable in shape, asymmetric, the upper leaflets ellip- tical or ovate, oblong, cuspidate, basally rounded or truncate, the lower leaflets smaller, 1.5-3 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, acuminate or cuspidate, the secondary nerves 4-10 pairs, the pubescence short and even beneath, the nerves pubescent above, the margin appressed ciliate; rachis to 20 cm long, rigid, pubescent; petio- lules thick, 1.5-3 mm long; petioles to 3.5 cm long, pubescent, thickened towards the base. Inflorescences axillary or cauliflorous, of pubescent and glandular cymes united into racemes and these into fascicles or pseudo-panicles; peduncle to 1 cm long; pedicels 3-4 mm long. Flowers with the sepals oblong or obovate oblong, 2.5-3.5 mm long, 1-2 mm wide, obtuse and somewhat emarginate, rarely subacute, a few hairs appressed on the central zone, the margin irregular, hyaline, finely ciliate; petals violaceous, white bordered, linear spatulate, 6.5-9 mm long, 1.5-3 mm wide, clawed, connate at the middle, seldom free, densely glandular inside; stamens enlarged toward the base, connate up to l/5, the anthers orbicular, the connective conspicuous, the longer stamens 2-2.5 mm long, fertile, the short- er stamens without anthers, seldom with rudimentary anthers (D'Arcy & D'Arcy 6799 and others), or rarely with 2 rudimentary thecas separated by a short con- nective, in macrostylous flowers the longer stamens with small glands on the upper half, in mesostylous flowers (most frequent) the short stamens very short, microstylous flowers not seen; pistils 3-4 mm long, sometimes glandular, the ovary ellipsoid, the pubescence scant, appressed, sometimes only on the back of the carpels, the carpels 3-5-ovuled, the styles short, thick, pilose, the stigma enlarged, 2-lobed. Berry greenish or yellow, ovoid or ellipsoid, asymmetric, 8- 12.5 cm long, 5-6 cm wide, the carpels uneven, angular, the base and apex 5- lobed, in transverse section 5-rayed; seeds without outer integument.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Tree 4-6 m tall. Younger branches and shoots tomentose. Leaves impari¬pinnate; leaflets opposite to subopposite, subsessile, elliptic to ovate, 5-8.5 cm long, 3-4.5 cm broad, the terminal the largest; acuminate, upper surface glabrous, lower sparsely pubescent. Flowers in axillary tomentose panicles. Bract 1.5 mm long, ovate. Pedicel 2 mm long. Sepals 3.5 mm long, ovate, imbricate, persistent. Petals 8-9 mm long, elliptic oblong, lilac to purple, slightly connate above the base. Stamens 10, often 5 antheriferous, alternating with 5 staminodes; filament 2 mm long, curved, persistent, base dilated; anthers obovate to ovate, basifixed; Ovary c. 1.8 mm long, pubescent, with 5 acute lobes; styles 5, glandular, persistent; stigma capitate. Berry 6-7.5 cm long, narrowly oblong, acutely 5 ridged, yellow when mature. Seeds arillate, often few abortive in fruit.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Flowers on leafy shoots

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Fruit acutely angled

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    5–10 leaflets

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Is occasionally cultivated for its fruits.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Tree

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    frequently cultivated in all tropical regions.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Common Names

    The Carambola

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    carambolaPortuguese

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Oxalidaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • J The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).