Bombax insigne Wall.
  • Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 74 (1830)
  • ngiu pa dok daeng (งิ้วป่าดอกแดง)(Northern)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Bombax insigne Wall. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000568432. Accessed on: 09 Feb 2023'

General Information

Large-sized tree, up to 30 m high; bark whitish, covered with stout, hard, conical prickles, occasionally without; branches spreading nearly horizontally, prickly; young twigs stout, with prominent leaf-scars. Leaves usually crowded at the end of twigs, with 5–9 unequal leaflets, the outer much smaller than the inner ones; leaflets obovate, oblanceolate, 10–40 by 5–12.5 cm; apex acute to acuminate; base cuneate to attenuate; chartaceous, sparsely hairy and glaucous on lower surface, then glabrescent; reticulate veins distinct on lower surface, secondary nerves in 13–25 pairs, arched and anastomosing near margins. Petioles 14–35 cm, glabrous; petiolules 1–1.5 cm. Flowers solitary, at the upper leaf-scars; buds ellipsoid, ca 3 by 2 cm; pedicel ca 2 cm, glabrous. Calyx urceolate to tubular, ca 3. –3.5 by 2–2.5 cm with 5(–4) unequal lobes, sparsely hairy, glabrescent outside, woolly hairy inside. Petals red or dark orange, occasionally white; obovate to oblanceolate or slightly spathulate, 9–13 by 2–2.5 cm, erect then recurved. Stamens numerous, 6–8 cm long, united at base to a short staminal tube, enclosing the ovary and lower part of style, then divided to 5 groups, each group splitting, only one stamen or none to attach the style; anther 1-celled, reniform, then twisted. Ovary ovoid, 5-longitudinal grooves, glabrous; style cylindrical, pinkish, glabrous; stigma dark pink with 5 cohering lobes, occasionally spreading. Capsule elongated with 5 longitudinal ridges, usually curved to one side, woody, silky within, 18–25 by 2.5–3 cm, dehiscent. Seeds numerous.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    In mixed deciduous and dry dipterocarp forest; altitude: 150–500 m. Flowering and fruiting: January–March.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Thailand, India, Burma (type), South China, Laos.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Uses

    The cotton is used for stuffing mattresses and pillows. Wood is used for toys and indoor furniture.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Thailand

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    ngiu pa dok daeng (งิ้วป่าดอกแดง)(Northern)ThaiTHA

     Information From

    e-Flora of Thailand
    https://www.dnp.go.th/botany/eflora/aboutus.html
    Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    • B Forest Herbarium All rights reserved
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2022. GlobalTreeSearch online database (version 1.6). Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, UK. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.34206.61761 Available at https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php. Accessed on (15/06/2022).
    • C Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Malvaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Malvaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2022.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).