Brassica oleracea L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Cabáiste


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Brassica oleracea L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000571350. Accessed on: 19 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs biennial or perennial, rarely annual, (0.3-)0.6-1.5(-3) m tall, glabrous, glaucous. Stems erect or decumbent, branched at or above middle, sometimes fleshy at base. Basal and lowermost cauline leaves long petiolate, sometimes strongly overlapping and forming a head; petiole to 30 cm; leaf blade ovate, oblong, or lanceolate in outline, to 40 × 15 cm, margin entire, repand, or dentate, sometimes pinnatifid or pinnatisect and with a large terminal lobe and smaller, 1-13, oblong or ovate lateral lobes on each side of midvein. Upper cauline leaves sessile or subsessile in some cultivated forms, oblanceolate, ovate, or oblong, to 10 × 4 cm, base amplexicaul, auriculate, or rarely cuneate, margin entire, repand, or rarely dentate. Racemes sometimes fleshy and condensed into a head. Fruiting pedicels usually straight, ascending or divaricate, (0.8-)1.4-2.5(-4) cm. Sepals oblong, 0.8-1.5 cm × 1.5-2.7 mm, erect. Petals creamy yellow or rarely white, (1.5-)1.8-2.5(-3) × (0.6-)0.8-1.2 cm, ovate or elliptic, apex rounded; claw 0.7-1.5 cm. Filaments 0.8-1.2 cm; anthers oblong, 2.5-4 mm. Fruit linear, (2.5-)4-8(-10) cm × (2.5-)3-4(-5) mm, terete, sessile or on a gynophore to 3 mm, divaricate or ascending; valvular segment (2-)3-7.5(-9) cm, 10-20-seeded per locule, valves with a prominent midvein; terminal segment conical, (3-)4-10 mm, seedless or 1(or 2)-seeded; style obsolete. Seeds dark brown or blackish, globose, 1.5-2.5 mm in diam., minutely reticulate. Fl. Mar-Jun, fr. Apr-Jul. 2n = 18*.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Biennials or perennials; (with slender taproot or woody caudex, becoming suffrutescent and covered with conspicuous leaf scars); (glaucous), glabrous. Stems branched distally, 5-10 dm. Basal leaves: petiole to 30 cm; blade oblong or obovate, to 45 cm × 150 mm, (fleshy), blades pinnatifid or margins dentate. Cauline leaves (distal) sessile; blade (oblong to lanceolate), base auriculate and amplexicaul, (margins entire). Racemes not paniculately branched. Fruiting pedicels spreading to ascending, (8-)14-25(-40) mm. Flowers: sepals 8-15 × 1.5-2.7 mm; petals yellow, white, or lemon yellow, ovate or elliptic, (15-)18-25(-30) × (6-) 8-12 mm, claw 7-15 mm, apex rounded; filaments 8-12 mm; anthers 2.5-4 mm. Fruits spreading to ascending, smooth, ± 4-angled or subterete, (2.5-)5-8(-10) cm × (2.5-)3-4(-5) mm; valvular segment with 10-20 seeds per locule, (2-)3-7.5(-9) cm, terminal segment usually seedless, rarely 1 or 2-seeded, (conic), (3-)4-10 mm. Seeds brown, 1.7-2.5 mm diam.; seed coat reticulate, not mucilaginous when wetted. 2n = 18.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    4. Brassica oleracea L., Sp. Pl. 667 (1753). Neotipo (designado por Oost et al., 1989): “Brasica maritima arorea seu procerior ramora”, Herb. Sloane 123: 4, derecha (BM-SL!). Ilustr.: Rich, Bot. Soc. Brit. Isles Handb. 6: 85, t. 17 (1991).

    Por I.A. Al-Shehbaz y S. Fuentes-Soriano.

    Hierbas bianuales, perennes o rara vez anuales, glabras, glaucas. Tallos (30-)60-150(-300) cm, algunas veces carnosos en la base, raíces delgadas. Hojas caulinares basales y más proximales c. 40 × 15 cm, ovadas, oblongas o lanceoladas, los márgenes enteros, repandos o dentados, algunas veces pinnatífidos o pinnatisectos, con 1 a 13 lobos laterales oblongos u ovados en cada lado de la lámina; pecíolo 30 cm; hojas caulinares proximales c. 10 × 4 cm, oblanceoladas, ovadas u oblongas, la base amplexicaule, auriculada o cuneada, los márgenes enteros o dentados, sésiles o subsésiles. Flores en la antesis dispuestas por debajo de los botones florales. Pedicelos en fruto (0.8-)1.4-2.5(-6) cm. Sépalos 8-15 mm, erectos; pétalos (15-)18-25(-30) × (6-)8-12 mm, ovados o elípticos, blancos o amarillo claro, unguiculados, la uña 7-15 mm. Frutos (25-)40-80(-100) × (2.5-)3-4(-5) mm; región valvar (20-)30-75(-90) mm, con 10-20 semillas por lóculo, las valvas con una vena central prominente; rostro (3-)4-10 mm, cónico, sin semillas o con 1(-2) semillas; semillas 1.5-2.5 mm de diámetro. n = 9. Cultivada. Nativa del oeste de Europa; cultivada como vegetal en todo el mundo. Rara vez colectada en Mesoamérica, sin embargo es muy probable que todas las variedades de la especie sean cultivadas en la región (frecuentemente reconocidas como variedades). Estos taxa se diferencian como sigue:

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
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    • 1
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    Morphology

    Racemes paniculate soon elongating, with large flowers on up to 8 mm. long pedicels, which in fruit become up to 20 mm. long and spreading.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves fleshy, glabrous, glaucous; basal and lower cauline leaves petioled, lyrate-pinnatipartite with prominent whitish nerves; terminal lobe very large, up to 50 cm. long and 30 cm. broad, rounded at apex, ± cordate at base, entire, undulate, crispy or dentate; lateral lobes 1–5 pairs, small, entire or crenulate; median cauline leaves oblong to obovate, auriculate, obtuse, sinuate; upper leaves slightly clasping to auriculate, linear to oblong, entire.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Petals bright yellow or white, clawed, 15–20 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Sepals oblong, erect and connivent, ± 10 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Anthers 2.5–4 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Siliquae linear, ± torulose, sometimes on a gynophore, 50–100 mm. long, ± 5 mm. broad; beak conical to filiform, 5–15 mm. long; valves with a thick midnerve.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 13
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    Ovules 30–40.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Stem erect, often more than 1 m. high, with ascending branches, basally often woody, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Seeds dark brown, globose, 1.5–2 mm. in diameter, with a distinct fine reticulum.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Annual (in warmer regions) to bi- or perennial herb.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    60–100 cm hoch, verzweigt, kahl. Untere Blätter gestielt, oft fleischig oder runzelig, mit 1–5 Fiederpaaren und grossem Endabschnitt oder ungeteilt, obere ungeteilt, mit breitem Grund sitzend. Offene Blüten von den Knospen überragt. Kronblätter hellgel

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
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    Herbe' annuelle, glabre, pruineuse, à tige dressée, ramifiée, de 0,60-1,50 m de haut.' Feuilles' inférieures lyrées-pennatipartites, les caulinaires supérieures oblongues à linéaires, sessiles, ± amplexicaules, dentées à entières.' Fleurs' à sépales oblongs-obovales, atteignant ± 1 cm de long; pétales onguiculés à la base, atteignant 1,8-2 cm de long, jaunâtres; anthères étroitement oblongues, acutiuscules; ovaire (25) ± 35-ovulé.' Siliques' à pédicelle de 1,5-2 cm de long, linéaires, comprimées, quadrangulaires, toruleuses, de 6-9,5 cm de long et de 4-5 mm de large; bec de 4-15 mm de long; pédicelle de 1,5-2 cm de long.' Graines sphériques, de ± 1,5 mm de diam.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Ecology

    4–5. Schuttplätze, Äcker, in vielen Sorten kultiviert und gelegentlich verwildert: Weisskohl, Rotkohl, Wirsing, Blumenkohl, Rosenkohl, Federkohl, Kohlrabi, Broccoli usw., kollin-montan.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
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    Habitat

    Se rencontre comme rudérale autour de certains postes européens.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Distribution

    Espèce européenne atlantique surtout le long des côtes, s'étendant vers le Nord jusqu'en Angleterre et en Irlande

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Uses

    Les variétés potagères (choux) sont cultivées dans le monde entier.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Synonyms

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    CabáisteIrishIE
    Wild cabbageEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    KaleEnglishIE
    Gemüse-KohlGermanCH
    Praiseach bhaidheIrishIE
    GabáisteIrishIE
    GiabusRaeto-RomanceCH
    CabbageEnglishIE
    Cabbage
    Cavolo comuneItalianCH
    ChouFrenchCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Brassicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Flora of North America Association
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • I All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • K All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • L See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use