Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Lam.
  • Encycl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Bruguiera gymnorhiza (L.) Lam. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000572747. Accessed on: 29 Nov 2020'

General Information

Trees 6-20 m tall, d.b.h. 30-60 cm. Bark gray, deeply fissured. Stipules often reddish, ca. 4 cm, interpetiolar, caducous. Petiole 2-4.5 cm; leaf blade elliptic-oblong, 8-21 × 4-7(-9) cm, leathery, glabrous, base cuneate to rarely obtuse, apex acute. Pedicel 1-2.5 cm. Flowers in axils of upper leaves, solitary, red or pinkish red, ca. 3 cm. Calyx lobes 10-14, linear, 1.5-2 cm, glabrous. Petals 12-14, 1.3-1.5 cm, outer margin fringed with white silky hairs; sinus bristles 3 or 4 per petal, 2-3 mm, distinctly exceeding petals. Stamens twice as many as petals, 8-11 mm; filaments filiform; anthers linear to lanceolate, 4-5 mm. Disk cup-shaped. Ovary inferior, 3-loculed; style filiform, ca. 1.5 cm; stigma lobes 3 or 4. Fruit adnate to calyx tube, ca. 2.5 mm; persistent calyx on fruit or hypocotyls ribbed only apically. Seed 1, viviparous. Hypocotyl cigar-shaped, slightly angular, 15-25 × 1.5-2 cm. Fl. May-Jun. 2n = 26.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    A large shrub or tree, 10-40 m tall. Stem branching sympodially with grey-black, roughly fissured bark. Leaves with 2-4.5 cm long, pruinose petiole; lamina narrowly to broadly elliptic-ovate, 5-20 cm long, 3-8 cm broad, cuneate at the base, entire, acute-acuminate but not mucronate, glabrous, leathery, bright green above, pale beneath; stipules oblong-lanceolate, 4-5 cm long, mostly reddish. Flowers solitary, axillary, articulated to the reflexed peduncle; pedicel 1-1.5 cm long, pruinose. Hypanthium campanulate, 1-2 cm long, smooth below, ribbed above, reddish in colour, lobes equal to or shorter than the tube, linear, erect. Petals brown, bilobed to halfway down or less, silky-hairy at the base, especially near the margins, lobes 2-4-bristled at the tips. Stamens with alternately long and short filaments; anthers linear-oblong, 4-5 mm long, dorsifixed, apiculate. Style angular towards the base, filiform, stigmatic lobes 3-4, conspicuous. Berry 2-3 cm long, crowned by calyx lobes. Hypocotyl 10-25 cm long, ± fusiform, longitudinally ridged.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    Shrub or tree up to 7(15) m. high; branches terete, smooth with subcircular scars of the petioles of the fallen leaves and annular scars of the fallen stipules; bark fibrous, light brown, reddish-brown or grey.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary c. 4 mm. long, (2)3(4)-locular; style c. 20 mm. long, shortly (2)3(4)-lobed at the apex.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaf-lamina usually 6–12 x 2–6 cm., narrowly to broadly elliptic or sometimes obovate-elliptic; apex acute, subacute or shortly acuminate; margins somewhat revolute; base narrowed into the petiole, cuneate or subcuneate; midrib rather prominent below, lateral nerves slightly prominent above and just visible to obscure beneath; petiole usually 1–3 cm. long; stipules up to 4 x 1 cm., entire and involute, acute at the apex and truncate at the base.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers solitary, peduncles c. 1 cm. long, ± terete, arching; flower-buds c. 27 x 7 mm., narrowly ellipsoid, acute, strongly ribbed, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Calyx pinkish-green to reddish-brown; calyx-tube 1–2 cm. long, obconical; calyx-lobes (10)12(14), 1·5–2 cm. long, triquetrous, narrow, very acute at the apex.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Petals c. 1·5 cm. long, ± oblong, conduplicate and costate inside, 2-lobed at the apex (the sinus with a median seta c. 4 mm. long and the lobes c. 5 mm. long, obtuse, apically 2–3-fimbriate), white or cream, soon turning brown, sparsely hirsute at the margins and densely hirsute at the base, coriaceous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 4
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    Stamens (20)24(28), paired, oppositipetalous; filaments 6 or 8 mm. long; anthers c. 6 mm. long, mucronate at the apex.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Hypocotyl up to 15 cm. long and 1·2 cm. in diameter while on the tree, only narrowing a little at both extremities, shallowly and bluntly longitudinally ridged.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Fruit a turbinate berry crowned by the calyx-lobes, unilocular, 1-seeded.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Hypocotyl up to 11 cm. long on tree, terete or only shallowly and bluntly longitudinally ridged, swollen ± uniformly throughout length.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruit turbinate, 2 cm. long.

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    Ovary 3-celled.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Anthers 4 mm. long, dorsifixed, mucronate above; filaments 6 or 8 mm. long (one shorter and one longer in each pair).

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves dark green; blade narrowly to broadly elliptic, 5–15 cm. long, subacuminate above to an acute apex, cuneate below to an acute base, petiole up to 3 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Glabrous tree up to 12 m. tall (nearer half this height in our area), bark reddish-brown.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 5
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    Calyx pinkish-green to reddish-brown; tube 1–2 cm. long; lobes (10–) 12 (–15), linear, 1.8–2.0 cm. long, apex acute.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Flowers solitary; peduncles recurved, about 1 cm. long; buds narrowly ellipsoid, terete, c. 25 × 10 mm.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Petals white, soon turning brown, about 1.5 cm. long, conduplicate below, bifid with a median seta, stiffly pubescent, especially below; lobes 3–3.5 mm. long, (bi- or) tri-ciliate apically.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fig. 3.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • E All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • F See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • G Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Rhizophoraceae
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).