Caltha palustris L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Marsh-marigold


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Caltha palustris L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000581660. Accessed on: 28 Sep 2021'

General Information

Plants with numerous fleshy roots. Stems 10--120 cm tall at fruiting, (1.5--)3--12 mm in diam., branched, rarely simple, basal leaves 3--7, long petiolate; petiole (4--)7--24 cm; leaf blade orbicular to orbicular-reniform or cordate, (1.2--)2.5--5 × (2--)3--9 cm, base deeply cordate, margin densely denticulate, apex rounded. Cauline leaves usually diminishing upward, rarely equal to basal leaves in size, orbicular-reniform or triangular-cordate, shortly petiolate or uppermost ones sessile. Monochasium often solitary, (2 or)3--5-flowered; pedicels more than 1.5 cm at fruiting. Flowers 2--3 cm in diam. Sepals 5, yellow, obovate to narrowly obovate, 1--1.8(--2.5) × 0.6--1.2(--1.5) cm, apex rounded. Stamens 4.5--7(--9) mm; anthers sessile, oblong, 1--1.6 mm. Follicles (5--)7--25, ca. 1 cm × 3 mm; persistent style 1--3 mm. Seeds black, rarely pale greenish brown, narrowly ovoid, 1.5--2 mm. Fl. May--Sep. 2n = 16, 32, 55--57, 60, 64, 80.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Stems leafy, permanently erect, or sprawling with age and producing roots and shoots at nodes. Basal leaves: blade rounded to ovate, reniform, or cordate, largest (0.5-)2-12.5 × (1-)2-19 cm, margins entire or crenate to dentate. Inflorescences 1-7-flowered. Flowers 10-45 mm diam.; sepals yellow or orange, (6-)10-25 mm. Follicles 5-15(-25), spreading, sessile, ellipsoid; bodies 8-15 × 3-4.5 mm; style and stigma straight or curved, 0.5-2 mm. Seeds elliptic, 1.5-2.5 mm. 2n=32, 56, 60.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Stems hollow, 2–6 dm, branched above; basal lvs long-petioled, the broadly cordate-rotund blade usually with a deep and narrow sinus; cauline lvs with progressively shorter petiole and wider sinus; fls bright yellow, 1.5–4 cm wide; stamens 50–120; anthers linear-oblong or lance- oblong, 2 mm; follicles 4–15, 10–15 mm; 2n=32. Wet woods and meadows, swamps, bogs, and shallow water; circumboreal, s. to Va., W.Va., Ind., Ill., and Io., and in the mts. to N.C. and Tenn. Apr.–June. Forms with the basal leaves somewhat flabellate, with a relatively broad and open sinus, do not appear to be taxonomically separable. (var. flabellifolia)"

  • Provided by: [E].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Perennial, stem stout 15-60 cm high, ascending, rarely documbent, with densely fibrous root-stock. Basal leaves long petioled, 7-12 cm wide, entirely or finely or coarsely toothed upper ones and sessile. Flowers yellow rarely white, 2.5-5 cm in diameter. Sepals 5-6, petaloid, ± obovate-oblong or lanceolate. Follicles variable in number with variable length of style. Seeds oblong, black, ± shining.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Bis 50 cm hohe Sumpfpflanze mit ungeteilten, herz- oder nierenförmigen Blättern und dottergelben Blüten, diese meist mit 5 Blumenblättern und zahlreichen Staubblättern. Keine Honigblätter. Früchtchen 3–8, 2- bis mehrsamig, nach aussen gebogen.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    3–5. Bachufer, Sumpfwiesen, kollin-subalpin(-alpin). CH.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Smit, P. G. 1967. Taxonomical and ecological studies in Caltha palustris L. (preliminary report). Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch. C. 70: 500-510. Smit, P. G. 1968. Taxonomical and ecological studies in Caltha palustris L. II. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wetensch. C. 71: 280-292. Woodell, S. R. J. and M. Kootin-Sanwu. 1971. Intraspecific variation in Caltha palustris. New Phytol. 70: 173-186.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Synonyms

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Marsh-marigoldEnglishIE
    Lus buí BealtaineIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Cowslip, cowflock, kingcup, buttercup, populage des marais, soucis d'eau
    Flur-paintg da palìRaeto-RomanceCH
    Sumpf-DotterblumeGermanCH
    KingcupEnglishIE
    Lus MairiIrishIE
    Calta palustreItalianCH
    Pleibistín (buidhe)IrishIE
    PopulageFrenchCH
    Lus mhuireIrishIE
    PlubairsinIrishIE
    Plobaistín (-bairsín)IrishIE
    Riasc-bhláth órthaIrishIE
    Riasc-bláth ÓrdhaIrishIE
    Lus buidhe BealtaineIrishIE
    PlubairsínIrishIE
    Beánnán BealtaineIrishIE
    MayflowerEnglishIE

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • E Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • F All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • G See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • H All Rights Reserved
    Ranunculaceae
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).