Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
  • Pfl.-Gatt.
  • Shepherd’s purse


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000585589. Accessed on: 18 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs (2-)10-50(-70) cm tall, sparsely to densely pubescent with sessile, 3-5-rayed stellate trichomes often mixed near base of plant with much longer simple trichomes. Stems erect, simple or branched. Basal leaves rosulate; petiole 0.5-4(-6) cm; leaf blade oblong or oblanceolate, (0.5-)1.5-10(-15) × 0.2-2.5(-5) cm, base cuneate or attenuate, margin pinnatisect, pinnatifid, runcinate, lyrate, dentate, repand, or entire, apex acute or acuminate. Cauline leaves sessile, sagittate, amplexicaul, or rarely auriculate, narrowly oblong, lanceolate, or linear, 1-5.5 (-8) cm × 1-15(-20) mm, margin entire or dentate. Fruiting pedicels (0.3-)0.5-1.5(-2) cm, divaricate, usually straight, slender, glabrous. Sepals green or reddish, oblong, 1.5-2 × 0.7-1 mm, margin membranous. Petals white, rarely pinkish or yellowish, obovate, (1.5-)2-4(-5) × 1-1.5 mm. Filaments white, 1-2 mm; anthers ovate, to 0.5 mm. Fruit (3-)4-9(-10) × (2-)3-7(-9) mm, flat, base cuneate, apex emarginate or truncate; valves with subparallel lateral veins, glabrous; style 0.2-0.7 mm. Seeds brown, oblong, 0.9-1.1 × 0.4-0.6 mm. Fl. and fr. Apr-Jul. 2n = 16, 32*.

  • Provided by: [L].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Plants mostly sparsely to densely pubescent, trichomes sessile, 3-5-rayed, stellate (base of plant often mixed with much longer, simple ones). Stems (0.2-)1-5 (-7) dm. Basal leaves: petiole 0.5-4(-6) cm; blade oblong or oblanceolate, (0.5-)1.5-10(-15) cm × 2-25(-50) mm, base cuneate or attenuate, apex acute or acuminate. Cauline leaves: blade narrowly oblong, lanceolate, or linear, 1-5.5(-8) cm × 1-15(-20) mm, base sagittate, amplexicaul, or, rarely, auriculate. Fruiting pedicels usually straight, (0.3-)0.5-1.5(-2) cm, glabrous. Flowers: sepals green or reddish, 1.5-2 × 0.7-1 mm (margins membranous); petals (1.5-)2-4(-5) × 1-1.5 mm; filaments 1-2 mm; anthers to 0.5 mm. Fruits (0.3-)0.4-0.9(-1) cm × (2-)3-7(-9) mm, base cuneate, apex emarginate or truncate; valves each with subparallel lateral veins; style 0.2-0.7 mm. Seeds brown, 0.9-1.1 × 0.4-0.6 mm. 2n = 32.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    1. Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik., Pfl.-Gatt. 85 (1792). Thlaspi bursa-pastoris L., Sp. Pl. 647 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Fawcett y Rendle, 1914): “Habitat in Europae cultis ruderalis”, Herb. Linn. 825.15 (LINN!). Ilustr.: Pujadas Salvá, Fl. Iberica 4: 241, t. 86 (1993).

    Por I.A. Al-Shehbaz y S. Fuentes-Soriano.

    Hierbas anuales o bianuales, esparcida a densamente pelosas con tricomas sésiles, estrellados con 3 a 5 brazos y tricomas simples mucho más largos. Tallos (2-)10-50(-70) cm, erectos. Hojas basales (0.5-)1.5-10(-15) × 0.2-2.5(-5) cm, arrosetadas, oblongas u oblanceoladas, la base cuneada o atenuada, los márgenes pinnatisectos, pinnatífidos, runcinados, lirados, dentados, repandos o enteros, el ápice agudo o acuminado; pecíolo 0.5-4(-6) cm; hojas caulinares 1-5.5(-8) × 0.1-0.15(-2) cm, sésiles, sagitadas, amplexicaules o rara vez auriculadas, angostamente oblongas, lanceoladas o lineares, los márgenes enteros o dentados. Pedicelos en fruto (0.3-)0.5-1.5(-2) cm, divaricados. Sépalos 1.5-2 mm, oblongos; pétalos (1.5-)2-4(-5) × 1-1.5 mm. Frutos (3-)4-9(-10) × (2-)3-7(-9) mm, la base cuneada, el ápice emarginado o truncado; valvas con venas subparalelas y laterales, glabras; estilo 0.2-0.7 mm; semillas 0.9-1.1 × 0.4-0.6 mm. n = 16. Floración y fructificación jun.-nov. Orillas de caminos, jardines, sitios alterados, laderas de montañas. Ch (Breedlove y Raven 8284, CAS); G (Proctor 25112, MO); ES (Standley 22865, US); CR (Molina R. 27357, F). 1800-2200 m. (Nativa de Europa y zonas adyacentes del SO. Asia; cosmopolita.)

    Es considerada como la segunda maleza del planeta, después de Polygonum aviculare L.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Sparingly branched annual or winter-annual 1–6 dm; basal lvs oblong, 5–10 cm, pinnatilobate; cauline lvs much smaller, lanceolate to linear, entire or denticulate, auriculate; racemes becoming much-elongate; pedicels at maturity divaricate, 1–2 cm; sep 2 mm; pet 1.5–4 mm; fr triangular-obcordate, with straight to slightly concave or slightly convex margins, 4–8 mm; 2n=16, 32. Probably native to s. Europe, now a cosmopolitan and ubiquitous weed. (C. gracilis; C. rubella; etc.)"

  • Provided by: [H].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Annual or biennial, up to 45 cm tall, erect, glabrous or hairy with simple or branched hairs. Basal leaves rosulate, very variable, usually pinnatifid (lyrate to almost entire), 5-8-jugate, shortly stalked, usually up to 8 cm long, 2 cm broad; cauline leaves smaller, sessile. ± auricled and clasping the stem. Racemes many flowered, up to 30 cm long in fruit. Flowers c. 2.5 mm across, white; pedicels up to 18 mm long in fruit, spreading. Sepals c. 1.5 mm long, l mm broad. Petals c. 2.5 mm long, 1 mm broad, obovate-oblong, cuneate. Stamens c. 1.5: 2 mm long. Siliculae obcordate- triangular, 5-9 mm long, 4-6 mm broad; valves usually with straight margins; apical notch wide, V-shaped ; style c. 0.5 mm long, hardly or not exceeding the notch; septum c. 1 mm broad, seeds 6-12 in each locule, c. 1 mm long, oblong-elliptic, pale brown.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    5–40(–70) cm hoch, mit einfachen und mit einzelnen Sternhaaren. Grundständige Blätter in einer Rosette, gestielt, ungeteilt bis fiederteilig, gezähnt oder ganzrandig, obere umfassend. Kronblätter weiss, 2–3 mm lang, länger als der Kelch. Schötch

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Erect, annual herb, up to 450 mm tall, with branched hairs. Stem leaves sagittate-amplexicaul. Fruits 6-9 x 4-8 mm, obcordate-triangular, emarginate, lateral margins almost straight. Flowers white.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Slender erect annual herbs up to 45 cm high, simple or branched. Indumentum variable: stems and leaves with appressed branched and spreading simple hairs; inflorescence glabrous or very thinly hairy. Basal leaves rosulate, 4-16 cm long, oblanceolate, petiolate, entire, dentate or pinnatipartite, the lobes short, broad, rounded or acute, entire or lobulate. Stem leaves few, smaller, oblong-lanceolate, entire or remotely denticulate, sagittate, amplexicaul. Racemes dense in flower, lax in fruit. Sepals c. 1.5 mm long, green. Petals 1.8-3 mm long, clawed, white. Siliculae on almost horizontally-spreading pedicels 0.5-1.7 cm long, 6-9 mm long, 4-8 mm broad, obcordate-triangular, emarginate, lateral margins almost straight; style less than 0.5 mm long. Seeds up to 12 per locule, 0.8-1 mm long.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Annual herb, up to 0.6 m high; stems and leaves with appressed, branched and spreading simple hairs. Stems erect, simple or branched. Leaves petiolate and sessile; basal ones rosulate, petiolate, blade narrowly obovate, 40-160 mm long; upper leaves narrowly ovate-oblong, amplexicaul. Flowers: in dense racemes; petals 1.8-3.0 mm long, white; Sep.-Nov. Fruit with ± horizontally spreading pedicels; siliquae 6-9 x 4-8 mm, obcordate-triangular, emarginate, lateral margins almost straight.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Annual or biennial, up to 450 mm tall, stems glabrous or thinly hairy, striate. Leaves in a basal rosette, coarsely and deeply lobed, upper ones lanceolate, entire or dentate, sagittate and stem-clasping at base. Flowers small, white. Fruit trangular-obcordate, 6-9 x 4-8 mm, truncate or notched at apex.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Herbe' annuelle ou bisannuelle, pubescente, à poils simples, fourchus ou étoilés.' Feuilles' inférieures oblongues-oblancéolées, subentières, dentées ou pennatipartites, atténuées en pétiole, de 10-15 cm de long et de 1-2,5 cm de large, les caulinaires lancéolées, sagittées-amplexicaules.' Fleurs' à sépales ovales-elliptiques, à bord hyalin, de ± 1,5 mm de long; pétales blancs, obovales, onguiculés, de ± 2,5 mm de long; ovaire obovoïde.' Silicules' triangulaires-obcordées, cunéées à la base, à bords droits, et à lobes ± aigus à subarrondis, de 7-8 mm de long et de 6-7 mm de large; pédicelle de 5-15 mm de long.' Graines ± 20, ellipsoïdes, de 1 mm de long et de 0,6 mm de large.

  • Provided by: [G].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    3–11. Wegränder, Äcker, Ödland, kollin-alpin. CH.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    A widespread weed of cultivation reputed to taint milk and dairy produce.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Dry Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland. Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Disturbed habitats.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Espèce rudérale et polymorphe, principalement dans les stations d'altitude jusqu'à 2450 m.

  • Provided by: [G].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to Europe.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Introduced from Europe.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Cosmopolitan weed, introduced from Europe.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Uses

    Au Ruanda, les graines pilées, roussies au feu et mêlées à la bière sont employées comme remède contre l'impuissance et les feuilles sont consommées comme légume.

  • Provided by: [G].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo

    Synonyms

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Shepherd’s purseEnglishIE
    Lus an sparáinIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Tastgetta pasturRaeto-RomanceCH
    Gemeines HirtentäschelGermanCH
    Lus coscadh na folaIrishIE
    SpáidínIrishIE
    Capselle bourse à pasteurFrenchCH
    Luibh na nAosánIrishIE
    SraidinIrishIE
    Lus coiscthe na folaIrishIE
    Lus na n-aosánIrishIE
    Lus na folaIrishIE
    Borsapastore comuneItalianCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Brassicaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • D All Rights Reserved
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • F All Rights Reserved
    Flore d'Afrique Centrale
    https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
    • G http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • H Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • J Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • K Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • L Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • M All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • N CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).