Carica papaya L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Papaya


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Carica papaya L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000588009. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Trees or shrubs 8-10 m tall. Stem simple, with stipulate scars helically arranged. Petiole hollow, 60-100 cm; leaf blade ca. 60 cm, usually 5-9 palmatifid; lobes pinnatifid. Male inflorescence pendulous, to 1 m. Male flowers: pedicel absent; corolla tube creamy yellow, 1.6-2.5 cm, lobes lanceolate, ca. 1.8 × 0.45 cm; stamens 5 longer and 5 shorter, shorter ones almost without filaments; filaments white, white tomentose. Female flowers usually solitary or aggregated in corymbose cymes; pedicel short or nearly absent; calyx lobes ca. 1 cm; corolla lobes creamy yellow, oblong or lanceolate, 5-6.2 × 1.2-2 cm; ovary ovoid; stigmas partite, nearly fimbriate. Bisexual flowers: corolla tube 1.9-2.5 cm, lobes oblong, ca. 2.8 × 0.9 cm; stamens 5 or 10 in 1 or 2 whorls; ovary smaller than in female flowers. Fruit orange-yellow or yellow at maturity, cylindric, ovoid-cylindric, or subglobose, 10-30 cm; sarcocarp soft with a mild, pleasant flavor. Seeds numerous, black at maturity, ovoid. 2n = 18.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    Plants ca. 6 m. Stems to ca. 20 cm diam., bark green to gray or brown, leaf scars prominent, smooth. Leaves drooping proximally, erect or spreading distally; petiole 35-70 cm, hollow; blade round in general contour, 20-60 cm diam., shallowly to deeply palmately 5-9-lobed, lobes lanceolate to ovate, margins entire or pinnately divided into lanceolate to ovate lobes. Inflorescences 15-60 cm; bracts ± rhombic. Staminate flowers sessile; calyx green, short-tubular, ca. 1.5 mm, teeth triangular to linear; corolla white, 2-3.5 cm, lobes narrowly oblong, ca. 1.3 cm; stamens yellow. Pistillate flowers subsessile; calyx yellow, short-tubular, 5-10 mm, teeth triangular to linear; petals lanceolate-oblong, white to pale yellow, 3-5 cm; ovary ellipsoidal to rounded, 2-3 cm . Berries hanging from trunk near summit, green to orange, ellipsoidal to oblong, rounded distally, 8-45 cm. Seeds blackish. 2n = 18.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    • 3
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    1. Carica papaya L., Sp. Pl. 1036 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Moreno, 1980): Herb. Linn. 1190.1 (imagen en Internet ex LINN!). Ilustr.: Badillo, Monogr. Caric. 64, t. 12 (1971). N.v.: Papaya.

    Por F.A. Carvalho.

    Carica citriformis Jacq., C. cubensis Solms, C. jamaicensis Urb., C. jimenezii (Bertoni) Bertoni, C. mamaya Vell., C. papaya L. var. jimenezii Bertoni, C. papaya forma portoricensis Solms, C. peltata Hook. et Arn., C. pinnatifida Heilborn, C. portoricensis (Solms) Urb., Papaya carica Gaertn., P. cimarrona Sint. ex Kuntze, P. peltata (Hook. et Arn.) Kuntze, P. vulgaris DC., Vasconcellea peltata (Hook. et Arn.) A. DC.

    Árboles hasta 10 m; tallos fistulosos, carnosos, las cicatrices foliares generalmente en el ápice. Hojas en una densa corona terminal, orbiculares, 19-40(-70) cm, ligera a profundamente lobadas, con (5)7-11 lobos, los márgenes enteros, el ápice agudo, cortamente acuminado o mucronato; pecíolo 30-70(-100) cm, fistuloso, glabro o verrugoso. Inflorescencias masculinas en una panícula péndula, largamente pedunculada; pedúnculo 10-20 cm, los ejes glabros o escasamente pelosos. Flores estaminadas blancas o amarillas, algunas veces verdosas; cáliz 1-1.5 mm; tubo de la corola casi del mismo tamaño que los lobos de la corola; estambres ínferos pelosos, sésiles o cortamente pedicelados, los filamentos hasta 0.7 mm; conectivo no alargado; estambres súperos densamente pelosos, los filamentos 1.5-2.5 mm, las anteras 1.5-3 mm, el conectivo no alargado; pistilodio 4-10 mm. Inflorescencias femeninas con 1-3 flores; pedúnculo 0.3-2 cm. Flores pistiladas blancas a amarillas; pedicelos 2-5 mm; cáliz 2-4 mm; corola glabra, los pétalos 30-40 mm; estigmas 9-11 mm, ramificados. Bayas 7-60 cm, ovoides, globosas, piriformes o angostamente elipsoidales, anaranjadas o amarillas; semillas 5-7 × 3-4 mm, elipsoidales, la testa lisa o con pequeñas estrías longitudinales. T (Calónico 2117, MEXU); Ch (Croat 43818

  • Provided by: [K].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
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    Carica papaya L., Sp. Pl. 1036. 1753; C. peltata Hook. & Arn.

    Arbustos o árboles de tallos fistulosos, generalmente no ramificados; plantas dioicas o polígamas. Hojas simples, agrupadas hacia los extremos de las ramas, persistentes, hasta 70 cm de diámetro, palmatilobas, 7–11 (–13)-nervias, los lobos enteros o pinnatífidos y de ápices agudos. Flores con los lóbulos del cáliz alternos con los de la corola; inflorescencias masculinas en las axilas de las hojas, en general largamente pedunculadas, cimoso-paniculadas, péndulas, multifloras, hasta 1 m de largo; flores masculinas con filamentos densamente pilosos y anteras pilosas, las superiores sin prolongación apical, las inferiores con el conectivo no prolongado o apenas así; inflorescencias femeninas cortas, paucifloras; flores femeninas con estigmas aplanados frecuentemente divididos a modo de cornamenta de venado, ovario 1-locular; además de las formas masculinas y femeninas descritas, en las plantas cultivadas a veces se presentan también otras formas sexuales intermedias con estambres o carpelos no bien desarrollados o flores hermafroditas plenamente desarrolladas. Los frutos en los especímenes silvestres son por lo general pequeños y frecuentemente esféricos, en tanto que varían mucho en la forma sexual de la cual derivan alcanzando hasta varios decímetros de longitud.

    Abundante, en bordes de bosques o en su mismo interior, en claros selváticos y sitios cercanos al mar, en todas las zonas del país; 0–1400 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Henrich 124, Stevens 3375; silvestre o asilvestrada en América tropical, de donde es originaria; naturalizada en los trópicos del Viejo Mundo. "Papaya". Genus monotypic.

  • Provided by: [L].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Dioecious or occasionally polygamous or monoecious trees 2-8 m. tall with characteristic stout succulent and unbranched trunks, usually glabrous in all parts or essentially so. Leaves in a dense terminal crown, long-petiolate; blade simple but palmately divided into usually 7 more or less irregularly and broadly pinnatifid segments, variable in size but frequently up to 4-5 dm. in diameter; petiole usually up to 5-7 dm. long. Staminate inflorescences repeatedly compound, many-flowered, somewhat shorter than the subtending petioles, spreading or pendulous, the pistillate far shorter than the subtending petioles, usually only 1- to 3-flowered. Staminate flowers: calyx lobes very broadly deltoid, obtuse, about 1 mm. long; corolla salver- form white or yellow, the tube about 1.5-2.0 cm. long, about 2 mm. in diameter, the lobes oblong, 1.0-1.5 cm. long, slightly spreading; stamens inserted at the orifice of the corolla tube, exserted, the antepetalous anthers about 2.5 mm. long, nearly sessile and descending basally into the corolla tube, the antesepalous anthers erect, wholly exserted, about 2 mm. long, with apically 2-lobed filaments of nearly equal length; pistillode acicular, about 1 cm. long. Pistillate flowers far larger than the staminate, irregularly campanulate, white or pale cream: calyx lobes broadly deltoid, about 1 mm. long; corolla essentially polypetalous or very weakly united, the segments about 5-7 cm. long, 1.5-2.0 cm. broad, broadly acute, irregu- larly reflexed toward the tips; staminodia lacking, rarely minute and hypogynous; ovary ovoid-ellipsoid, usually about 3 cm. long (including the indefinitely attenuate style) and 2 cm. broad, the stigma essentially sessile, of 5 thick segments about 1 cm. long fimbriately di- or trichotomous toward the tip. Berry extremely variable, up to 3 dm. long and 2 dm. thick, green or yellow when ripe.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
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    Small herbaceous tree with white milky juice. trunk with scars of fallen leaves. Leaf blade 30-60 cm long, deeply divided into several lobes which are again divided into smaller lobes with acute apex, petiole 40-100 cm long, 1-3 cm in diameter. Plants mostly dioecious rarely monoecious with fragrant and nocturnal flowers. Male inflorescence 30-100 cm long pendulous raceme. Flower in clusters, sessile. 1.5-2 cm across and 3-6 cm long, calyx small c. 2 mm long, 5-lobed, acute. Corolla tube 3-6 cm long, 5-lobed, twisted in bud, lobes c. 1 x 0.5 cm long, creamy yellow. Stamens 10, in two whorls, outer whorl of the stamens shortly stalked, filaments c. 1.5 mm long, papilose, inner most sessile, anthers 1.5-2 mm long 2-celled dehiscing longitudinally, basifixed. In female plant 2-4 floral bud arise in the leaf axil, one of which becomes a complete flower; other floral buds fall off, sometimes one or two of them grow a little but never reach maturity, so flower seems to he solitary axillary. Peduncle short 1-2 cm long. Bracts fleshy, leaf, 1-2 cm long, caducous. Calyx united 5-lobed 5-8 mm long; acute, green and fleshy. Petals 5-6.5 x 1.6-1.8 cm, lanceolate, obtuse; stigma lobes fimbriate, c. 6 mm long: ovary 3.5-4 x 1.5-1.8 cm, some plants with female flower at the end of the branches of male inflorescence, producing elongated and smaller fruit. Fruit large spherical or pyriform usually 20-30 x 8-15 cm, turning yellow or orange with yellow or orange flesh. Seeds black, wrinkled, each enclosed in gelatinous membrane, oval in shape, c. 2 mm in diameter.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of Pakistan
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    • 7
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    Habit

    tree

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Carica papaya grows as monopodial softwood tree with infrequent branching, to 10 m in height (usually smaller) and produces a slightly milky latex. The leaves are arranged alternately, to 1 m in length, deeply (compound) lobed to palmatifid, with an acute leaf apex. Carica papaya is dioecious. The incomplete, imperfect, flowers are actinomorphic. The staminate flowers are arranged on racemes. The calyx has 5 unfused, green sepals. The corolla has 5 partially fused, greenish-yellow petals. There are 10 stamens; an outer ring of 5 stamens fused to the corolla and an inner ring of 5 unfused stamens. There is no carpel. Carpellate flowers arise from the trunk solitarily. The calyx has 5 unfused green sepals. The corolla has 5 greenish-yellow petals that are slightly fused at the base. There are no stamens. The carpel has a superior ovary with a single locule and numerous seeds. The fruit is an orang-red berry at maturity

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Habitat

    Carica papaya grows as a cultivated species but is prone to escape along roadsides, other Human Altered environments, and the edges of natural areas

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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    • 8
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    Distribution

    Papayos are grown throughout the tropics of the world, chiefly at low eleva- tions, and tend to become escapes everywhere. In Panama they are one of the commonest weed trees, and the quality of their fruits varies from the sublime to the ridiculous.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
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    Carica papaya occurs on all islands groupings within the Lucayan Archipelago but is NOT considered native. It is native to the new world. It now also occurs in all old world tropical and subtropical regions of the world both cultivated and as an escapee.

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Uses

    Carica papaya has been used in the Lucayan Archipelago to treat hypertension, pain, and gastrointestinal issues (indigestion, ring worm, ulcers). In other parts of the Caribbean region it is also used to treat colds and coughs, kidney flushing, and dermatological problems (sores and jiggers). The fruits when ripe are delicious to eat raw or cooked.

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    PapayaEnglishBS
    PawpawEnglishBS

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    mamãoPortuguese
    Papaya, papaw, pawpaw, lechosa
    papayaSpanish

     Information From

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