Carum carvi L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Cearbhas

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Carum carvi L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 18 Jan 2022'

General Information

Plants 15–70(–150) cm tall. Taproot cylindrical, to 25 cm. Stems solitary, rarely 2–8, base without remnant sheaths. Basal and lower leaves oblong-lanceolate in outline, 2–3-pinnate; ultimate segments linear or linear-lanceolate, 3–5 × 1–2 mm. Leaves reduced upwards. Umbels 2.5–6 cm across; bracts absent or occasionally 1–4, linear, 4–11 mm, entire; rays 3–10, 0.6–4 cm, extremely unequal; bracteoles absent; umbellules 4–15-flowered. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals white or pinkish, base not clawed. Fruit oblong-ellipsoid, 3–5 × 1–2 mm; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Fl. May–Jul, fr. Jul–Sep. 2n = 20.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of China @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Glabrous biennial to 1 m; lfls ovate, pinnately dissected into linear segments 5–15 mm; peduncles 5–13 cm; rays 7–14, ascending, 2–4 cm; pedicels ascending, 1–12 mm; involucel wanting or nearly so; fr 3–4.5 mm, half as wide, prominently ribbed; 2n=20. Native of Eurasia, sometimes cult. and often established as a weed in waste places; Nf. to B.C., s. to Va., Ind., and Mo., commoner northward. June–Aug."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Perennial, up to 70 cm tall, branched, glabrous. Root fusiform, elongated. Leaves bipinnatisect; segments filiform to lanceolate or oval, lower leaves petio¬late, upper sessile; bases sheathing; sheath margin white, membranous. Involucre of 1-5 linear bracts or lacking. Rays 5-9, unequal. Involucel of minute bractlets or lacking. Flowers white or rose coloured. Calyx teeth obscure. Fruit pedicels very unequal. Fruit ovoid to oblong, yellowish brown, 3-4 mm long; ridges prominent, obtuse; furrows 1-vittate; commissure 2-vittate.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    30–60 cm hoch, kahl, sparrig verzweigt. Untere Blätter 2–3fach gefiedert, im Umriss länglich, Teilblätter letzter Ordnung fiederteilig, mit fein zugespitzten Zähnen und Spitzen. Das unterste Teilblattpaar der untersten Blätter auffallend nach un

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    5–8. Wiesen, Weiden, kollin-subalpin(-alpin). CH.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names


    Other Local Names

    Cumino tedesco, CarviItalianCH
    Lus mhic chuimínIrishIE
    Cumin des présFrenchCH


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of China @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • F All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).