Centema subfusca (Moq.) T.Cooke
  • Fl. Cap.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Centema subfusca (Moq.) T.Cooke. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000594204. Accessed on: 31 Oct 2020'

Morphology

Fruit c. 3–3.5 mm. long; seed 2.75–3 mm. long, brown, shining, faintly reticulate.

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    Stamens finally 8–9 mm. long; anthers narrowly oblong, c. 2 mm. long.

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    Ovary oblong, c. 2 mm. long; style 4–5.5 mm. long, with short to very short stigmatal branches.

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    Outer tepal of fertile flowers c. 6.58 mm. long, oblong, 5–7-nerved, firm below and narrowly hyaline-margined above, slightly lanate dorsally near the base; remaining 4 tepals rapidly narrowing and more pilose, the innermost very narrowly lanceolate, densely lanate except about the apex, with only one faint pair of lateral nerves; all tepals with the midrib ceasing below the apex or only very shortly mucronate.

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    Sterile flowers of a single spine becoming to c. 4–5 mm. long in fruit, swollen and more or less lanate at the base.

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    Bracteoles of the sterile flowers c. 5–6 mm. long, ovate, the midrib ceasing below the blunt, hyaline apex or excurrent dorsally below the apex in a short or longer rigid arista.

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    Perennial herb, woody at the base, 15–60 cm. tall with numerous stems from the base and usually a few opposite (rarely alternate by suppression) branches diverging at 30–45 degrees above.

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    Bracteoles of the partial inflorescences broadly deltoid-ovate, 4–5 mm. long, very concave and more or less carinate with the prominent darker midrib, which is not excurrent or very shortly so on the dorsal surface below the apex.

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    Bracts deltoid-ovate, scarious-margined with a firm centre, glabrous or thinly pilose, 3.5–4.5 mm. long, shortly mucronate with the excurrent midrib.

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    • 1
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    Inflorescence crimson, capitate to shortly cylindrical, 1–4 × 1.5–1.75 cm. but elongating to as much as 8.5 cm. in fruit, the axis thinly to moderately white-pilose, more or less sulcate, formed of closely set partial inflorescences.

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    Stem and branches terete, glabrous or thinly pilose (especially about the nodes).

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    Leaves broadly linear to narrowly oblong, 13·40 × 3–9 mm., somewhat crisped-margined, acute to obtuse, mucronate, glabrous or thinly pilose (especially on the lower surface of younger leaves), sessile or abruptly narrowed (and in broader leaves subauriculate) into a very short petiole, often darkening on drying and commonly with fasciculiform axillary short shoots.

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    Erect, perennial herb, up to 300 mm tall. Leaves narrowly ovate to ovate, base hastate. Flowers in sessile spikes. Flowers red.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habitat

    Bushveld, swampy areas.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Amaranthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).