Chelidonium majus L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Garra bhuí

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Chelidonium majus L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 17 Oct 2021'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, 30-60(-100) cm tall. Taproot conical, stout, lateral roots many. Stems cymose, branched; branches often pubescent, densely so on nodes, later glabrous. Basal leaves few, caducous; petiole 2-5 cm, pubescent or glabrous, base ampliate to sheath; blade glaucous abaxially, green adaxially, obovate-oblong or broadly obovate, 8-20 cm, abaxially sparsely shortly pubescent, adaxially glabrous, pinnatisect; lobes 2-4 pairs, obovate-oblong, irregularly parted or lobed; lobe margin crenate. Upper cauline leaves: petiole 5-15 mm; blade 2-8 × 1-5 cm. Inflorescence an umbel, multiflorous. Pedicel tenuous, 2-8 cm, villous when young, later glabrous. Bracts ovate, small, 1-2 mm. Flower buds ovoid, 5-8 mm in diam. Sepals caducous, ovoid, cymbiform, 5-8 mm, glabrous or sparsely pubescent. Petals yellow, obovate, ca. 1 cm, entire. Stamens ca. 8 mm; filaments yellow, filamentous; anthers oblong, ca. 1 mm. Ovary green, linear, ca. 8 mm, glabrous; styles ca. 1 mm; stigmas 2-lobed. Capsule narrowly terete, 2-5 cm × 2-3 mm; pedicel usually shorter than fruit. Seeds dark brown, shiny, ovoid, ca. 1 mm or shorter, alveolate. Fl. and fr. Apr-Sep. 2n = 10, 12.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plants to 10 dm. Stems branching, ribbed. Leaves to 35 cm; petiole 2-10 cm; blade deeply 5-9-lobed; margins irregularly dentate or crenate, rarely laciniate. Inflorescences: peduncle 2-10 cm. Flowers: pedicels 5-35 mm; sepals to 1 cm; petals bright yellow, obovate to oblong, to 2 cm wide; style ca. 1 mm. Capsules linear to narrowly oblong, 2-5 cm, glabrous. Seeds black, reticulate-pitted.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Branched, 3–8 dm; cauline lvs several, alternate, much like those of Stylophorum diphyllum; sep glabrous; pet 1 cm; fr 3–5 cm; 2n=12. Eurasian sp., well established in moist soil from Que. to Io., s. to Ga. and Mo. Apr.–Sept."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    30–80 cm hoch, verzweigt, zerstreut abstehend behaart, blaugrün, mit gelbem Milchsaft. Blätter unregelmässig fiederteilig bis gefiedert. Blüten gelb, in 2–8blütigen Dolden. Kronblätter ca. 1 cm lang. Frucht eine 2–5 cm lange Schote. Samen schwarz,

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 


    4–9. Hecken, Mauern, Schuttplätze, kollin-montan. CH.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    Garra bhuíIrishIE
    Greater celandineEnglishIE

    Other Local Names

    Latg mellenRaeto-RomanceCH
    Cliathach bhuidheIrishIE
    Lacha cheannruadhIrishIE


     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • E All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).