Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr.
  • Interpr. Herb. Amboin.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000608138. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Trees. Young branches, abaxial surface of leaves, peduncles, and ovaries pilose. Branches usually purplish, flat with ridges when young. Petiole 2-4 × 0.5-3 cm or less, winged; leaf blade broadly ovate or elliptic, 9-16 × 4-8 cm or larger, thick, dark green, base rounded, apex rounded to obtuse and sometimes mucronate. Flowers solitary or in racemes; flower buds purplish or rarely milky white. Calyx 3-5-lobed. Petals 1.5-2 cm. Stamens 25-35, some undeveloped. Style long and thick. Fruit pale yellow and yellowish green, globose, oblate, pyriform, or broadly obconic, usually more than 10 cm in diam., with large prominent oil dots, to 200-seeded or seedless; pericarp spongy; sarcocarp with 10-15(-19) segments, white, pink, reddish, or rarely milky yellow. Seeds irregularly shaped, with conspicuous ridges, undeveloped seeds numerous; embryo solitary; cotyledons milky white. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Sep-Dec. 2n = 18, 36.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Citrus maxima (Rumph. ex Burm.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin. 296. 1917; Aurantium maximum Rumph. ex Burm.; C. grandis (L.) Osbeck; C. X aurantium var. grandis L.

    Arboles, 5–15 m de alto, con numerosas espinas de 2–3 mm de largo. Hojas ovaladas o elíptico-ovaladas, 5–20 cm de largo y 2–12 cm de ancho, ápice obtuso, agudo (acuminado), base redondeada u obtusa, margen crenulado, pubescentes en los nervios en el envés; pecíolo 4 cm de largo, obviamente articulado con la base de la lámina, ampliamente alado, ca 3.2 cm de ancho, alas truncadas en el ápice y cuneiformes. Flores solitarias o en racimos cortos con pocas flores de 30–70 mm de diámetro; cáliz 5-lobado; pétalos (4) 5, de color crema; estambres 20–25, anteras grandes; estilo bien diferenciado del ovario. Fruto subgloboso, oblato-esférico o subpiriforme deprimido apicalmente y frecuentemente sin papila apical, 10–30 cm de diámetro, verde a amarillo (rosado o rojo), corteza gruesa; pulpa ácida o dulzona.

    Cultivada en todo el país; probablemente nativa de Tailandia y Malasia y dispersada hacia China, India y Persia llegando a Europa en los siglos XII o XIII desde donde fue introducida al Nuevo Mundo. "Pomelo".

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • C Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Rutaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).