Coriandrum sativum L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • coentro


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Coriandrum sativum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000621274. Accessed on: 21 Sep 2021'

General Information

Plants to 60 cm high. Basal and lower leaves pinnate to 2-pinnatisect; petiole to 13 cm, shortly sheathing at base; blade ovate, to 14 × 8 cm; pinnae broadly ovate or flabelliform, 1–2 × 1–1.5 cm, variously toothed or incised; ultimate segments broad. Mid and upper cauline leaves ternate-2–3-pinnatisect, reducing up the stem; ultimate segments linear to filiform, 2–15 × 0.5–1.5 mm, obtuse, entire. Peduncles 2–10 cm; rays 2–8, 1–2.5 cm; bracteoles 2–5, linear, entire; umbellules 3–9-flowered. Pedicels 2–5 mm. Calyx teeth ovate-deltoid or ovate-lanceolate, unequal. Fruit 1.5–5 mm wide. Fl. and fr. Apr–Nov.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    1. Coriandrum sativum L., Sp. Pl. 256 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Jansen, 1981): Herb. Burser VIII: 38 (UPS). Ilustr.: Mathias et al., Fl. Il. Catarin. Umbelíferas 55, t. 17 e-g (1972). N.v.: Cilantro, culantro de castilla, kulantu, Ch.

    Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

    Plantas 20-70 cm, fuertemente perfumadas, simple a profundamente ramificadas. Hojas dimórfas, las hojas inferiores 3-15 × 2-10 cm, rosuladas, ovadas, ternada o pinnadamente lobadas a 1-2-pinnadas, con folíolos 10-20 × 5-10 mm, flabeliformes, cuneados, irregularmente lobados, las hojas superiores disecadas con divisiones posteriores 2-15 × 0.5-1.5 mm, lineares a filiformes; pecíolos 1-15 cm. Pedúnculos 3-10 cm u ocasionalmente ausentes; radios 2-8(-10), 1-2.5 cm; involucelo dimidiato, las bractéolas 2-4 mm, linear-lanceoladas; pedicelos 2-5 mm, desiguales. Cáliz lobado, los dientes ovado-lanceolados, desiguales, los más grandes hasta 1 mm. Frutos 1.5-5 mm, ligeramente más largos que anchos. Ampliamente cultivada y escapada. T ( Cowan 2791, MEXU); Ch ( Ton 4140, DS); C ( Lundell 1187, UC); B (Balick et al., 2000: 120); G ( Heyde y Lux 3347, MO); H ( Nelson 5565, CR); ES ( Montalvo 6427, MO); CR ( Lépiz 256, CR). 50-2500 m. (Nativa de Europa; ampliamente cultivada en las zonas más cálidas del hemisferio occidental).

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    "Erect, branched above, 3–7 dm; lowest lvs simple or variously divided into obovate incised segments; upper lvs pinnately dissected into linear segments; outer enlarged pet to 4 mm; fr 3–5 mm wide; sep persistent, those of the outer row of frs 1 mm or more; 2n=22. Native of the Mediterranean region, established as a weed over much of the U.S., especially southward. June, July."

  • Provided by: [J].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Plants 15-60 cm tall, branched. Basal leaves ternately lobed; segments oval to ovate; margin toothed; cauline leaves pinnately dissected; segments linear. Rays 3-6, unequal. Calyx teeth prominent, unequal. Petals purplish-white, the outer larger, bilobed. Styles slender, spreading, 1.5-2.5 mm long. Fruit sub-globose, c. 4 mm long; vittae in furrows obscure; commissure 2-vittate. Inner seed face concave.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Fig. 10.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Fruit subglobose or slightly longer than broad, 4–6 mm.; secondary ribs prominent, primary low and very sinuose; styles slender, 1.5–2 mm., much longer than the conical stylopodia; 2 broad, conspicuous, purplish-brown vittae on the commissural face of each mericarp, sometimes reportedly absent; forms with 3 carpels and styles occur occasionally, but have not been seen in African material.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Erect annual herb (10–)20–80 cm. tall, glabrous, with an unpleasant sweet-musky smell.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Stems terete, finely striate, simple to considerably branched.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Primary leaves simple, small, oblanceolate, soon withering; basal leaves broadly trilobed to pinnate or sometimes bipinnate, with 1–4 pairs of pinnae; pinnae broad, ± 1.25–3 × 1–2.5 cm., cuneate-based, at least the terminal broadly trilobed, with ovate to oblong teeth, generally also withered by the time fruit is set; petioles long, 3–10(–18) cm.; upper leaves regularly or commonly irregularly pinnately divided into narrow linear, mucronate, ± 2–12 × 0.4–2 mm. segments, petiole rapidly diminishing and most of the upper leaves sessile on the sheaths, lamina ovate to oblong in outline; leaf sheaths shortly oblong, broadly membranous-margined, nervose, 5–15 mm.; demarcation between broadly dissected lower leaves and finely divided upper leaves usually well-marked, sometimes more gradual.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Peduncles of umbels ± 1–6 cm.; umbels mostly 3–6-rayed (rarely more), rays 5–22 mm.; involucre absent or of a single narrowly linear bract; partial umbels ± 8–20-flowered on 2–4 mm. pedicels; involucel of 2–5 linear bracteoles subequalling the pedicels; all flowers fertile or usually a variable number of inner flowers functionally ♂ with very reduced styles.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Petals white to pinkish, the outer 2 of outer flowers strongly radiant, obcordate, to ± 4–5 mm., others ± 1 mm.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Vittae absent; seed concave on the inner face: carpophore divided to the base.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Calyx teeth narrowly triangular and quite conspicuous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Styles long and slender, often eroded from the conical stylopodium before maturity.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Fruit 2–3 mm. in diameter, suborbicular, slightly longer than broad. Mericarps with obtuse filiform ribs, with zigzag markings between them.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Stems often simple, but in large plants may be profusely branched, with fine regular grooves.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    An erect annual, almost glabrous herb up to 70 cm., with a slender taproot and a strong unpleasant smell.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Petals white to pinkish-white; the outer ones distinctly radiate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Umbels terminal and lateral; bracts O; rays 3–7 (10), 1–2 cm. long; partial umbels with 2–7 flowers; bracteoles few, linear-lanceolate.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Upper leaves finely divided into a linear to narrowly linear segments 2–15 × 0·5–1·0 mm., obviously markedly different from the basal leaves but sometimes connected by intermediate types on the lower-middle part of the stem.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Lower leaves 1–2-pinnate, segments 10–20 × 5–10 mm., ovate in overall outline, with a regularly cuneate base, somewhat unevenly divided into pinnate lobes.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Annual herb, up to 0.7 m high. Lower leaves 1- or 2-pinnate, segments ovate in overall outline; with cuneate base. Upper leaves finely divided into linear segments. Mericarps suborbicular, with obtuse filiform ribs, with zigzag markings between them. Outer petals of outer flowers in each umbel much enlarged. Flowers white to pinkish white.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Annual herb. Flowering stems up to 0.7 m high; erect, glabrous. Leaves radical and cauline, compound; basal ones 1- or 2-pinnate, segments ovate in overall outline, apices acute, base cuneate; upper leaves finely divided into linear segments. Flowers: involucral bracts 0; outer petals of outer flowers in each umbel much enlarged, 5-6 mm long; white to pinkish; Oct. Fruit suborbicular, ribs filiform, zigzag markings between them.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Escaped from cultivation. Native to southern Europe and Asia Minor.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Escaped from cultivation. Native to southern Europe and Asia Minor.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Introduced distribution
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    coentroPortuguese

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • H Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • J Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • K Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).