Plants to 60 cm high. Basal and lower leaves pinnate to 2-pinnatisect; petiole to 13 cm, shortly sheathing at base; blade ovate, to 14 × 8 cm; pinnae broadly ovate or flabelliform, 1–2 × 1–1.5 cm, variously toothed or incised; ultimate segments broad. Mid and upper cauline leaves ternate-2–3-pinnatisect, reducing up the stem; ultimate segments linear to filiform, 2–15 × 0.5–1.5 mm, obtuse, entire. Peduncles 2–10 cm; rays 2–8, 1–2.5 cm; bracteoles 2–5, linear, entire; umbellules 3–9-flowered. Pedicels 2–5 mm. Calyx teeth ovate-deltoid or ovate-lanceolate, unequal. Fruit 1.5–5 mm wide. Fl. and fr. Apr–Nov.
1. Coriandrum sativum L., Sp. Pl. 256 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Jansen, 1981): Herb. Burser VIII: 38 (UPS). Ilustr.: Mathias et al., Fl. Il. Catarin. Umbelíferas 55, t. 17 e-g (1972). N.v.: Cilantro, culantro de castilla, kulantu, Ch.
Plantas 20-70 cm, fuertemente perfumadas, simple a profundamente ramificadas. Hojas dimórfas, las hojas inferiores 3-15 × 2-10 cm, rosuladas, ovadas, ternada o pinnadamente lobadas a 1-2-pinnadas, con folíolos 10-20 × 5-10 mm, flabeliformes, cuneados, irregularmente lobados, las hojas superiores disecadas con divisiones posteriores 2-15 × 0.5-1.5 mm, lineares a filiformes; pecíolos 1-15 cm. Pedúnculos 3-10 cm u ocasionalmente ausentes; radios 2-8(-10), 1-2.5 cm; involucelo dimidiato, las bractéolas 2-4 mm, linear-lanceoladas; pedicelos 2-5 mm, desiguales. Cáliz lobado, los dientes ovado-lanceolados, desiguales, los más grandes hasta 1 mm. Frutos 1.5-5 mm, ligeramente más largos que anchos. Ampliamente cultivada y escapada. T ( Cowan 2791, MEXU); Ch ( Ton 4140, DS); C ( Lundell 1187, UC); B (Balick et al., 2000: 120); G ( Heyde y Lux 3347, MO); H ( Nelson 5565, CR); ES ( Montalvo 6427, MO); CR ( Lépiz 256, CR). 50-2500 m. (Nativa de Europa; ampliamente cultivada en las zonas más cálidas del hemisferio occidental).
"Erect, branched above, 3–7 dm; lowest lvs simple or variously divided into obovate incised segments; upper lvs pinnately dissected into linear segments; outer enlarged pet to 4 mm; fr 3–5 mm wide; sep persistent, those of the outer row of frs 1 mm or more; 2n=22. Native of the Mediterranean region, established as a weed over much of the U.S., especially southward. June, July."
Plants 15-60 cm tall, branched. Basal leaves ternately lobed; segments oval to ovate; margin toothed; cauline leaves pinnately dissected; segments linear. Rays 3-6, unequal. Calyx teeth prominent, unequal. Petals purplish-white, the outer larger, bilobed. Styles slender, spreading, 1.5-2.5 mm long. Fruit sub-globose, c. 4 mm long; vittae in furrows obscure; commissure 2-vittate. Inner seed face concave.
Fruit subglobose or slightly longer than broad, 4–6 mm.; secondary ribs prominent, primary low and very sinuose; styles slender, 1.5–2 mm., much longer than the conical stylopodia; 2 broad, conspicuous, purplish-brown vittae on the commissural face of each mericarp, sometimes reportedly absent; forms with 3 carpels and styles occur occasionally, but have not been seen in African material.
Erect annual herb (10–)20–80 cm. tall, glabrous, with an unpleasant sweet-musky smell.
Stems terete, finely striate, simple to considerably branched.
Primary leaves simple, small, oblanceolate, soon withering; basal leaves broadly trilobed to pinnate or sometimes bipinnate, with 1–4 pairs of pinnae; pinnae broad, ± 1.25–3 × 1–2.5 cm., cuneate-based, at least the terminal broadly trilobed, with ovate to oblong teeth, generally also withered by the time fruit is set; petioles long, 3–10(–18) cm.; upper leaves regularly or commonly irregularly pinnately divided into narrow linear, mucronate, ± 2–12 × 0.4–2 mm. segments, petiole rapidly diminishing and most of the upper leaves sessile on the sheaths, lamina ovate to oblong in outline; leaf sheaths shortly oblong, broadly membranous-margined, nervose, 5–15 mm.; demarcation between broadly dissected lower leaves and finely divided upper leaves usually well-marked, sometimes more gradual.
Peduncles of umbels ± 1–6 cm.; umbels mostly 3–6-rayed (rarely more), rays 5–22 mm.; involucre absent or of a single narrowly linear bract; partial umbels ± 8–20-flowered on 2–4 mm. pedicels; involucel of 2–5 linear bracteoles subequalling the pedicels; all flowers fertile or usually a variable number of inner flowers functionally ♂ with very reduced styles.
Petals white to pinkish, the outer 2 of outer flowers strongly radiant, obcordate, to ± 4–5 mm., others ± 1 mm.
Vittae absent; seed concave on the inner face: carpophore divided to the base.
Calyx teeth narrowly triangular and quite conspicuous.
Styles long and slender, often eroded from the conical stylopodium before maturity.
Fruit 2–3 mm. in diameter, suborbicular, slightly longer than broad. Mericarps with obtuse filiform ribs, with zigzag markings between them.
Stems often simple, but in large plants may be profusely branched, with fine regular grooves.
An erect annual, almost glabrous herb up to 70 cm., with a slender taproot and a strong unpleasant smell.
Petals white to pinkish-white; the outer ones distinctly radiate.
Umbels terminal and lateral; bracts O; rays 3–7 (10), 1–2 cm. long; partial umbels with 2–7 flowers; bracteoles few, linear-lanceolate.
Upper leaves finely divided into a linear to narrowly linear segments 2–15 × 0·5–1·0 mm., obviously markedly different from the basal leaves but sometimes connected by intermediate types on the lower-middle part of the stem.
Lower leaves 1–2-pinnate, segments 10–20 × 5–10 mm., ovate in overall outline, with a regularly cuneate base, somewhat unevenly divided into pinnate lobes.
Annual herb, up to 0.7 m high. Lower leaves 1- or 2-pinnate, segments ovate in overall outline; with cuneate base. Upper leaves finely divided into linear segments. Mericarps suborbicular, with obtuse filiform ribs, with zigzag markings between them. Outer petals of outer flowers in each umbel much enlarged. Flowers white to pinkish white.
Annual herb. Flowering stems up to 0.7 m high; erect, glabrous. Leaves radical and cauline, compound; basal ones 1- or 2-pinnate, segments ovate in overall outline, apices acute, base cuneate; upper leaves finely divided into linear segments. Flowers: involucral bracts 0; outer petals of outer flowers in each umbel much enlarged, 5-6 mm long; white to pinkish; Oct. Fruit suborbicular, ribs filiform, zigzag markings between them.
Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland; Dwarf Karroid Shrubland.