Corynostylis arborea (L.) S.F.Blake
  • Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Corynostylis arborea (L.) S.F.Blake. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000623174. Accessed on: 30 May 2020'

General Information

Corynostylis arborea (L.) S.F. Blake, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 837. 1923; Viola arborea L.

Trepadoras leñosas. Hojas alternas, elípticas, 6–11 cm de largo y 1.5–5 cm de ancho, cortamente acuminadas en el ápice, ampliamente cuneadas en la base, crenuladas o casi enteras; pecíolos cortos. Flores grandes, zigomorfas, axilares, solitarias, pero agrupadas hacia el ápice de las ramitas o en racimos terminales o laterales, blancas, pedicelos 10–60 mm de largo, articulados, filiformes, 2-bracteolados; sépalos ampliamente ovados, ca 3 mm de largo, menudamente ciliolados; pétalos muy desiguales, pétalo inferior largamente espolonado, espolón cilíndrico, 1.5–3 cm de largo; filamentos muy cortos, los 2 ó 4 inferiores dorsalmente espolonados, con apéndices membranáceos en el ápice. Cápsula ovoide, ca 5 cm de largo y ca 3.5 cm de ancho, 3-valvada, leñosa; semillas numerosas, comprimidas, irregulares en forma, ca 1 cm de diámetro.

Rara, bosques húmedos y a lo largo de caños o pantanos, zona atlántica; 0–45 m; fl abr–sep, fr jul; Sandino 3157, Stevens 8260; sur de México a Panamá, Surinam, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú. El género tiene 3 especies adicionales en Sudamérica.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Vine, lignous, the young branchlets ferruginous-puberulous. Leaves with the petioles canaliculate above, up to 7 mm long, glabrescent, the stipules small, subu- late; blade ovate or ovate-elliptic, acute to rounded at the base, more or less abruptly and shortly acuminate at the apex, subentire-margined, 3.5-9 cm long and 1.5-5 cm wide, rigid-chartaceous, glabrous, the midvein and lateral veins prominent below. Flowers axillary, solitary but grouped towards the apex of the branchlets, or in terminal or lateral racemes; pedicel articulate above the middle, up to 5 cm long, sparsely puberulous below, the bracteoles inserted more or less medially on the pedicel, ovate, obtuse to acute, up to 1.5 mm long, ciliolate; sepals broadly ovate, rounded to obtuse, 2.5-3.5 mm long and 2.2-2.5 mm wide, subcarnose towards the base, min- utely and finely ciliolate; petals white or pinkish-white, minutely and finely cilio- late; anterior petal 2.8-4.2 cm long (spur included), the blade broadly ovate to subcircular, 1-1.4 cm in diam, the spur obtuse at the base, slightly twisted, 2-2.8 cm long; lateral petals oblique-obovate, rounded at the apex, 11-16 mm long and 7-11 mm wide; posterior petals obovate, slightly oblique, rounded at the apex, 6-7.5 mm long and 4-5.5 mm wide; anterior filaments with the united spurs 2-3.5 mm long; anthers ca 4 mm long, the connective appendages rounded at the apex, 1.5-2.5 mm long; ovary subglobose, ca 2.8-3 mm long and 2-2.5 mm wide, sparsely pilose on the upper part, the style 5.5-6 mm long, geniculate above the base, the apex slightly curved. Capsule ovoid-ellipsoid, up to 5.5 cm long and 3.5 cm broad, glabrous; seeds with irregular margins, 1-1.5 cm in diam, the testa brownish on one side, grayish on the other side.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Vine

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [C].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Distribution

      Throughout tropical America.

    • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

       Information From

      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • A Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Violaceae
      • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).