Cucumis sativus L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 1012 (1753)
  • taeng khi kai (แตงขี้ไก่)(Northern)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Cucumis sativus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000628992. Accessed on: 28 Nov 2022'

General Information

Plants scandent or creeping. Stem and branches angular, white hispid. Tendrils slender, simple. Petiole 10-16(-20) cm; leaf blade broadly ovate-cordate, 7-20 × 7-20 cm, membranous, margin 3-5-angular or -lobed; lobes triangular, dentate, apex acute or acuminate; sinus half-orbicular. Plants monoecious. Male flowers fasciculate; pedicel filiform, 5-15 mm, puberulent; calyx tube narrowly campanulate, 8-10 mm, densely white pubescent; segments subulate; corolla yellow-white, ca. 2 cm; segments oblong-lanceolate, acute; anthers 3-4 mm; connective ca. 1 mm. Female flowers solitary or fascicled; pedicels pubescent, 1-2 cm; ovary fusiform, muricate. Fruit yellow-green, oblong or cylindric, (5-)10-30(-50) cm, muricate, usually verrucose. Seeds white, small, narrowly ovate, 5-10 mm, emarginate, both ends acute. Fl. and fr. summer.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora of China @ efloras.org
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    4. Cucumis sativus L., Sp. Pl. 1012 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por ten Pas et al., 1985): Europa, Anon., Herb. Burser v. XVII. 17 (UPS). Ilustr.: Thomé, Fl. Deutschland 4: t. 550 (1889).

    Por A.K. Monro.

    Cucumis esculentus Salisb., C. hardwickii Royle, C. muricatus Willd., C. rumphii Hassk., C. setosus Cogn., C. sphaerocarpus Gabaev, C. vilmorinii Sprenger.

    Tallos híspidos a estrigosos, estriados. Hojas 8.5-16 × 7-15.5 cm, anchamente ovadas, anguladas o someramente 3-5-lobadas, cartáceas; haz y envés híspidos a estrigosos, las nervaduras más densamente híspidas a estrigosas; base cordata, un seno basal presente; márgenes dentados; ápice agudo; pecíolos 40-90 mm, híspidos a estrigosos. Zarcillos híspidos hacia la base. Flores estaminadas 2-3 por inflorescencia, pedúnculo 5-25 mm; hipanto 4-5 × 3 mm, densamente híspido, verde; lobos del cáliz c. 4 × 1 mm, patentes, densamente híspidos; corola c. 20 mm, amarillo pálido, los lobos ovado-lanceolados, la superficie externa pubérula, la superficie interna glabra; estambres 4-6 mm. Flores pistiladas con el cáliz y corola igual que en las flores estaminadas; pedúnculo 10-25 mm, híspido a estrigoso; ovario c. 12 × 3 mm, ovoide, glabro a esparcidamente estrigoso hacia la base y ápice, ligeramente tuberculado; estilo 1-2 mm; pedúnculos fructificantes 15-30 × 3 mm. Frutos 8-11 × c. 3 cm, oblongos, amarillos a verdes, la superficie verrucosa a tuberculada; semillas 8-10 × 3-5 × 1.5 mm, elipsoides. Cultivada y en lugares alterados. Y ( Lira 497, MO); QR (Lira, 2004: 65); B (Balick et al., 2000: 75); G (Dieterle, 1976: 329); H (Molina, 1975: 110); N ( Zambrana 29, MO); P ( Hammel 3286, MO). 0-300 m. (Nativa del SE. de Asia; cultivada mundialmente.)

    .

  • Provided by: [I].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Cucumis sativus L., Sp. Pl. 1012. 1753.

    Plantas anuales, rastreras o trepadoras; monoicas; tallos angulares, ásperamente setulosos. Hojas ampliamente ovadas, 4–20 cm de largo y ancho, cordadas, sinuado-denticuladas, híspidas o escábridas, palmadamente 5-anguladas o 5-lobadas, los lobos triangulares u ovado-triangulares, agudos, apiculados, el lobo central más grande; pecíolos 2.5–20 cm de largo, setulosos. Flores estaminadas dispuestas en pequeños fascículos axilares, pedicelos 3–20 mm de largo, hipanto densamente setuloso, 5–10 mm de largo, sépalos 3–6 mm de largo, corola campanulada, pétalos ampliamente ovados, 8–20 mm de largo; flores pistiladas pediceladas, pedicelos 2.5–40 mm de largo, hipanto y perianto como en las flores estaminadas, ovario elipsoide a elipsoide-cilíndrico, 10–25 mm de largo, tuberculado. Fruto globoso a oblongo-cilíndrico, 8–30 cm de largo, obscuramente triquetro, verde, más o menos amarillo cuando maduro, escábrido con tubérculos dispersos apicalmente espiculados; semillas 8–10 mm de largo, 2–5 mm de ancho y 1 mm de grueso.

    Ampliamente cultivada y ocasionalmente escapada de cultivo; Zambrana 29; nativa de la región de los Himalayas (C. sativus var. hardwickii (Royle) Alef.); la variedad típica (C. sativus var. sativus) posee frutos mucho más grandes y es ampliamente cultivada por sus frutos comestibles. "Pepino".

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Vines; stems hirsute or scabrous. Leaves cordate, 12-18 cm long and wide, angulate or shallowly 3- to 5-lobate, the apex of the lobes acute, the base cordate, the margin denticulate, chartaceous, both surfaces hispid or scabrous; petiole 5-15 cm long, hispid or scabrous. Staminate flowers axillary, fasciculate; peduncle 0.5-2.0 cm long; calyx subcylindrical, the lobes 4-6 mm long, subulate, villous, green; corolla campanulate, lobes ca. 2 cm long, yellow, ovate lanceolate, acute; stamens 6-8 mm long, the anthers 3-4 mm long, the appendix connective ca. 1 mm long; pistillode glandlike. Pistillate flowers in same axils as the staminate flowers; peduncles 1-2 cm long; calyx and corolla as in the staminate flowers; ovary fusiform, tuberculate, the style 1-2 mm long, the stigma forming a spherical head. Fruit yellowish, usually cylindrical or oblong, tuberculate, glabrous; seeds whitish, oblong, 8-10 mm long, 3-5 mm wide.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora de Panama
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    Bejuco rastrero. Hojas 8–12 X 6–11 cm, cordado-deltadas, anguladas o levemente 3–5-lobuladas, de otra forma denticuladas. Infls. de pocas fls. fasciculadas. Fls. con los lóbulos de la corola 8–20 mm. Frs. amarillentos cuando maduros, ca. 7–17+ cm, generalmente cilíndricos a oblongoides, tuberculados cuando jóvenes.

  • Provided by: [C].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    Annual, trailing or climbing herb. Stem angular, with scabridulous hairs. Leaves ovate, 12-18 cm long., 3-8-lobed,-lobes acute, hispidulous or scabridulous on both surfaces; petiole elongated, 8-20 mm long. Sepals spreading. Corolla c. 2.5 cm long, lobes oblong-lanceolate. Anthers 3-4 mm long. Female flowers solitary or rarely fascicled. Ovary fusiform, muricate. Fruit oblong and obscurely trigonous or cylindric, when young sparsely tuberculated, otherwise smooth and glabrous.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of Pakistan
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    Annual climber or trailer, with fibrous roots, shoots to 5 m long, plant scabrid. Leaves: blade broadly ovate in outline, 10–15(–20) cm diam., (shallowly or) deeply 5-lobed, the middle lobe largest, lobes at apex acute-acuminate, margin finely dentate, both surfaces sparsely hairy; petiole 5–10 cm long. Male flowers solitary or few-fascicled; pedicel 5–20 mm long, hairy; receptacle-tube 4–5(–10) mm long, hairy; sepals 4–5(–7) mm long; petals (10–)20(–25) mm long, at base fused for ⅓; filaments short; anthers included or hardly protruding, 2.5–3 mm long, connective extension slender, entire or 2-lobed; disc 1–1.5 mm diam. Female flowers solitary (or few-fascicled); pedicel 2–20 mm long; ovary 10(–20 in certain cultivars) mm long, densely hirsute or glabrous; perianth similar as in male flowers; style short, stigma 2–3 mm diam., lobes lobulate; staminodes small. Fruit ellipsoid to cylindrical, 5–20(–50) cm long, blunt at apex, mono-coloured, whitish or green, or variously bi-coloured (striped), white, green or yellow(-brown); pericarp thin; pulp whitish or yellowish; fruiting pedicel 1.5–4 cm long. Seeds elliptic, 7–12 mm long, unwinged.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of Thailand
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Morphology

    Leaf: lobe(s) foliar non profoundly lobate and triangular; indumentum of the petiole recurved setulose. Flower: surface of the ovary spinescent tuberculate or papillose. Fruit: shape globose or oblong; size cm 6.0 to 11; ornamentation of the epidermis echinate or tuberculate or papillose; density of the ornamentation of the epidermis null or sparsely; peduncle expanded at the apex non.

  • Provided by: [A].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
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    Folha: lobo(s) foliar(es) não profundamente lobada(s) e triangular(es); indumento do pecíolo(s) recurvado(s) setuloso(s). Flor: superfície(s) do ovário(s) espinescente(s) tuberculado(s) ou papiloso(s). Fruto: formato globoso(s) ou oblongo(s); tamanho cm 6.0 à 11; ornamentação da epiderme equinado(s) ou tuberculado(s) ou papiloso(s); densidade(s) da ornamentação da epiderme nula(s) ou esparsa(s); pedúnculo(s) expandido(s) no ápice(s) não.

  • Provided by: [A].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Hoja: lobo(s) foliar(es) no profundamente lobada(s) y triangular(es); indumento del pecíolo(s) recurvado(s) setuloso(s). Flor: superficie(s) del ovario(s) espinescente(s) tuberculado(s) o papiloso(s). Fruto: forma globoso(s) o oblongo(s); dimensiones cm 6.0 à 11; ornamentación de la epiderme equinado(s) o tuberculado(s) o papiloso(s); densidad(s) de la ornamentación de la epiderme nula(s) o esparsa(s); pedúnculo(s) expandido(s) al ápice(s) no.

  • Provided by: [A].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Liane' herbacée, monoïque, annuelle; tiges rampantes, très ramifiées, hérissées de poils.' Feuilles' à pétiole de 8-10 cm de long, pubescent; limbe largement ovale-cordé, de 12-18 cm de long et 11-12 cm de large, à bord finement denté, membraneux, 3-5-palmatilobé, à lobes triangulaires et aigus-acuminés au sommet, les 2 faces poilues, à poils apprimés souples; nervures finement marquées sur les 2 faces; vrilles simples, grêles, pubescentes.' Fleurs' ♂ solitaires ou fasciculées; pédicelle grêle, de 0,5-2 cm de long; réceptacle cylindrique ou étroitement campanulé, de 8-10 mm de long, densément poilu; sépales subulés, hispides; pétales oblongs-lancéolés, soudés à la base, de 2-3 cm de long; étamines à filet très court; anthères de 3-4 mm de long.' Fleurs' ♀ solitaires ou fasciculées, à pédicelle assez robuste, de 1-2 cm de long; ovaire fusiforme, couvert de poils raides. Baies oblongues ou cylindriques, de taille variable mais dépassant 10 cm de long, vert jaunâtre, lisses.'Graines blanchâtres, oblongues, aplaties, non marginées, de 8-10 mm de long et 3-5 mm de large.

  • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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    • 10
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    Habit

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [A].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Vines

    • Provided by: [J].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      The origin of the cultivated, very variable, Cucumis sativus is unknown, but possibly it is from northern India (type), the same area as the wild variety, var. hardwickii (Royle) Alef., which is supposedly the ancestor of cultivated cucumbers. The var. hardwickii, with small bitter-tasting or sour fruit, ellipsoid or subglobose, 5–8 cm long, is also known from NW and W Thailand, as found growing either in the wild or sold in a local market. It concerns fruits from plants of which the vegetative parts were completely withered (Phonsena et al. 5654, 5684). Plate XXXIII: 1.

    • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of Thailand
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      • 9
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      Répandu dans tous les continents, souvent cultivé.

    • Provided by: [D].Flore d'Afrique Centrale
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      • 10
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      Uses

      Fruits are eaten raw, cooked, or pickled, young shoots as a vegetable.

    • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of Thailand
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Introduced distribution
      Introduced into
      • Asia-Tropical Indo-China Thailand
      • Southern America Brazil Bahia
      • Paraní
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás

      Synonyms

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      taeng khi kai (แตงขี้ไก่)(Northern)ThaiTHA
      taeng kwa (แตงกวา)(General)ThaiTHA
      taeng chang (แตงช้าง)(Northern)ThaiTHA
      taeng khi khwai (แตงขี้ควาย)(Northern)ThaiTHA
      taeng pi (แตงปี)(Mae Hong Son)ThaiTHA
      Garden cucumber
      taeng ran (แตงร้าน)(Northern)ThaiTHA
      pepino pepino de ensalada
      taeng hen (แตงเห็น)(Chiang Mai)ThaiTHA
      taeng yang (แตงยาง)(Mae Hong Son)ThaiTHA
      pepino de Espana cohombro
      pepinoPortuguese
      taeng om (แตงอ้ม)(Chiang Mai)ThaiTHA
      ta-so (ตาเสาะ)(Khmer)ThaiTHA

       Information From

      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      https://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      The Brazilian Flora Group (2018): Brazilian Flora 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201869402 Dataset/Checklist: https://ckan.jbrj.gov.br/dataset/thebrazilfloragroup_feb2018
      • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Cucurbitaceae
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Cucurbitaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2021.
      • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
      Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flore d'Afrique Centrale
      https://www.floredafriquecentrale.be
      • D http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      W. D. Stevens, C. Ulloa Ulloa, A. Pool & O. M. Montiel. 2001–. Flora de Nicaragua, Tropicos Project. Loaded from Tropicos Project: October 2017
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      e-Flora of Thailand
      https://www.dnp.go.th/botany/eflora/aboutus.html
      Chayamarit, K. & Balslev, H. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Thailand. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
      • F All Rights Reserved
      • G Forest Herbarium All rights reserved
      Flora of Pakistan
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
      Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
      • H Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • I Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • J Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of China @ efloras.org
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • K Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of North America @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • L Flora of North America Association
      World Flora Online Consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • M CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).