Asparagus africanus Lam.
  • Encycl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Asparagus africanus Lam. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000631275. Accessed on: 06 Jun 2020'

Morphology

Erect herb 3-5 ft. high with numerous spiny branches

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Flowers greenish white

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    Cladodes fasciculate, 5– 25, subulate, stiff or flexible, 3– 15 mm long.

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    Flowers in fascicles of 2– 10(– 35), axillary and terminal; bracts lanceolate, ± 1.5 mm long, falling off quickly; pedicels 3– 8(– 10) mm long, articulated below the middle.

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    Tepals white to cream, ± equal, 3– 4 mm long, entire; stamens shorter than the perianth, anthers yellow; ovary 3-locular with 4– 8 ovules in each locule; style 1 mm long, 3-branched.

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    Berry red, 5– 6 mm in diameter, 1-seeded.

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    Fig. 1: 1– 3 (page 7).

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    Erect or climbing or scrambling shrub to 4 m; branches terete to angled, glabrous to pubescent, with spines 3– 5 mm long; terminal branches with or without spines.

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    Plant erect when stems young, scrambling later, up to 0.6 m or more high. Spines straight or reflexed, sharp, reddish brown with scale leaves above similar in colour, present below cladode fascicles. Flowers white.

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    Plant erect when stems young, later scrambling and up to 0.6 m or more high. Rhizome typical, bearing thin, rough roots. Stems many, pubescent or glabrous, smooth, green with spreading branches and branchlets, often closely beset with cladode fascicles. Spines straight or reflexed, sharp, reddish brown with the scale leaves above similar in colour, present below branches, branchlets and cladode fascicles. Cladodes ±12 per fascicle, filiform, slightly curved, apiculate, unequally long, the longest up to 10 mm. Flowers up to ±15 cm each cladode fascicle; tepals narrowly obovate, ±3-4 mm long, whitish; stalk ±5 mm long, articulated in lower half. Stamens with small yellow anthers. Ovary with 4 ovules in each locule; obovoid; style and stigmas very short. Berry ±5 mm in diameter, orange.

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    Spiny shrub to 1 m or climber to 3 m, stems with straight or spreading, brownish spines. Cladodes ± 12 in fascicles. Flowers up to 6 in axils, tepals and filaments spreading.

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    Erect shrub or scrambler, up to 2 m high. Roots thick, terete. Stems greenish, yellowish or brownish when young, straight, not zigzagging, epidermis not peeling into strips. Spines straight or reflexed, sharp, reddish brown with scale leaves above similar in colour, present below cladode fascicles. Cladodes ± 12 per fascicle, filiform. Flowers: tepals white, Oct. Fruit a berry.

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    Ecology

    Occurring in clumps in moist sandy savanna.

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    Habitat

    Stony hillsides.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Growing mainly near the coast but also occasionally further inland; occurs in fairly moist places.

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    Usually moist places.

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    Mesic Grassland. Stony hillsides, fairly moist places.

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    Distribution

    Recorded from south-western Cape to Natal, from Saldanha Bay north as far as Sodwana Bay in Natal and into the south eastern Transvaal.

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    Saldanha to N KwaZulu-Natal.

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      Bibliography

     Information From

    Asparagaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).