Cynoglossum alticola Hilliard & B.L.Burtt
  • Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cynoglossum alticola Hilliard & B.L.Burtt. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000633896. Accessed on: 03 Jun 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Cynoglossum alticola has much larger nutlets than any other species in southern Africa and it has no close ally amongst them.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Herba perennis, albo-pubescens; caulis ad 60 cm altus inflorescentia inclusa, 3.5 mm diam., simplex, foliatus. Folia radicalia tempore florendia marcescentia; lamina ad 200 x 13 mm, parte inferiore petiolari c. 80 mm longa, anguste elliptica, utrinque attenuata; caulina 35-100 x 6-8 mm sursum in bracteas gradatim decrescentia, basi amplectente, apice plus minusve acuto. Inflorescentia paniculata parce ramosa; pedicelli c. 5 mm longi, ebracteati. Calyx fere ad basin 5-lobatus; lobi c. 4 x 2.5 mm, sub fructu ad 7 x 4.5 mm ampliati et valde reflexi, elliptico-oblongi, obtusi, extra dense intus tenuiter pilosi. Corollae tubus ad fornicum bases 2.5 mm longus, intus basi gibbis 10 parvis praeditus; lobi 4 x 3 mm, oblongi, apice rotundato, caerulei, glabri pilis albis externe sub apice loborum exceptis; fornices c. 0.75 x 1.5 mm, crassi, leviter bilobi, acute papillosi, orem tubi fere occludentes, caerulei. Stamina 5, inclusa; filamenta in triente superiore tubi orientia, 0.3 mm longa; antherae 1.25 mm longae, sub medio dorsifixae. Stylus fructus 7 mm longus; nuculae 9 x 7 mm, ovatae, valde compressae, immarginatae, glochidiis validis conicis approximatis, cicatrice deltoidea 5 x 3.5 mm, fascia styli cum nucula separata.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Cynoglossum alticola grows on damp slopes and near streams at c. 2600 m.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Ben McDhui on the Cape-Lesotho border.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Burtt, BL; Hilliard, OM. 1986. Notes on some plants of southern Africa chiefly from Natal: XIII. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 43(3): 345 - 405.
    • 2 Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh

     Information From

    Boraginaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).