Erect, branched shrublet to 40 cm. Cladodes lanceolate, ribbed. Flowers nodding, 1-3 in axils, tepals fused below, filaments straight.
Erect, rigid bushes (chamaephytes) 0.3-0.5 m tall, with long, simple, spreading branches bearing regularly placed phylloclades. Rhizome compact, scaly, bearing numerous roots, some of these with large fusiform tubers continued below as normal long, thin roots; occasionally they may produce a new shoot. Stem erect, ridged, with spreading, long, usually simple branches. Phylloclades ovate-acuminate, up to 25 mm long(smaller on new growth), leathery, striate, often folded above. Flowers pendulous, 1-3 at a node; pedicels ±5-9 mm long, with disc below perianth. Tepals broadly linear, ±6 mm long, purple or green with cream margins, reflexed in upper half. Stamens with flat attenuate filaments bearing 2 small basal spurs; anthers orange. Ovary with 8-10 ovules in each locule. Berry globose, ±5 mm in diameter, red. Flowering in spring.
Erect, stiff, freely-branched, spineless shrublet, up to 400 mm tall, some roots large and spindle-shaped but slender towards tips. Cladodes solitary, lanceolate, ribbed, often folded together near tip. Flowers nodding, 1-3 in axils, tepals cohering below, filaments perpendicular.
Recorded from the Cape Peninsula along the west coast to Namibia.