Daucus carota L.
  • Sp. Pl. : 242 (1753)
  • Wild carrot


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2022): Daucus carota L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000638442. Accessed on: 26 Sep 2022'

General Information

Plants to 120 cm. Leaves oblong, 2–3-pinnate/pinnatisect; ultimate segments linear to lanceolate, 2–15 × 0.5–4 mm, glabrous to hispid especially on the veins and margins, acute, mucronate. Peduncles 10–55 cm, retrorsely hispid; bracts foliaceous, pinnate, rarely entire, lobes linear, 3–30 mm, margin scarious; rays 2–7.5 cm, unequal; bracteoles 5–7, linear, entire or 2–3-lobed, more or less scarious and ciliate, equaling or exceeding flowers. Petals white, sometimes yellow or pinkish. Fruit 3–4 × ca. 2 mm. Fl. May–Jul.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of China @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    2. Daucus carota L., Sp. Pl. 242 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Sáez Laín, 1981): Europa, Anon. (LINN-340.1). Ilustr.: Mathias et al., Fl. Il. Catarin. Umbelíferas 96, t. 30 (1972). N.v.: Zanahoria.

    Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

    Plantas 15-120 cm, bianuales, los tallos solitarios, erectos, retro-híspidos a glabros, frecuentemente con raíz axonomorfa engrosada. Hojas 5-15 × 2-7 cm, oblongas, las divisiones finales 2-13 × 0.5-2 mm, linear a lanceoladas, enteras o poco hendidas, glabras a híspidas, agudas, mucronatas; pecíolos 3-10 cm. Pedúnculos 25-60 cm, retro-híspidos; involucro de brácteas 3-30 mm, alargadas, pinnado-divididas, generalmente reflexas, los márgenes escariosos; radios 3-7.5 cm, numerosos, desiguales, compactos en los frutos; involucelo de bractéolas lineares, acuminadas, enteras o rara vez pinnadas, escariosas, ciliadas, tan largas como las flores o más largas que éstas; pedicelos 3-10 mm. Pétalos blancos o purpúreos, la flor central de cada umbela generalmente purpúrea o rosada. Frutos 3-4 × 2 mm, ovoides; carpóforo entero. Cultivada, escapada. Ch (Breedlove 47083, CAS); QR ( Gutiérrez R. 43, F); B (Balick et al. 2000: 120); G (Standley 65771, F); H (Standley 28481, F); ES (Renderos 493, MO); N (Stevens 23506, MO); CR (Standley, 1938: 860); P ( Tyson 7100, MO). 100-3000 m. (Nativa de Europa, regiones templadas de Asia, y N. África; ampliamente introducida en otras partes del mundo.)

  • Provided by: [J].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Plants biennial, 15 cm to 1 m tall. Root a thick tap-root. Stem glabrous to pilose; hairs white. Leaves compound, 2-3-pinnate, hispid; segments linear to oval; margin deeply toothed; tips mucronate. Peduncles up to 30 cm long, his¬pid. Involucre of pinnately divided bracts, up to 5 cm long; segments filiform to linear. Rays numerous, the outer longer, incurved. Involucel of undivided or divided bractlets; margins entire or ciliate. Calyx teeth minute. Petals white to yellowish or light purple, the outer radiate; the petals of the central flower of an umbel sometimes red. Ovary hispid; styles 0.5 to 1 mm long. Fruit ovoid, 2-3 mm long; primary ridges not prominent, slightly bristly; secondary ridges winged, spiny; spines white; one vitta under each secondary ridge; commissure 2-vittate.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora of Pakistan
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Biennial with a stout taproot, 4–10 dm, hirsute to subglabrous; lvs oblong, pinnately decompound, the ultimate segments linear, lanceolate, or oblong; infl at anthesis showy, 4–12 cm wide, commonly narrower in fr, the outer rays longer than the others (to 7 cm) and arching inwards; bracts pinnatifid into firm, elongate, filiform-subulate segments, scarious-margined below the segments, spreading or reflexed in fr; umbellets with mostly (10–)20- numerous white or faintly yellowish fls (the central fl of the whole infl usually, the others rarely, purple or pink); fr 3–4 mm, broadest at the middle; 2n=18. Native of Eurasia, now a weed throughout most of N. Amer. The cultivated carrot is a race of this sp.

  • Provided by: [D].Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    30–100 cm hoch. Blätter 2–3fach gefiedert. Teilblätter letzter Ordnung fiederschnittig, mit schmalen Zipfeln. Dolde vielstrahlig, zuerst flach, zur Fruchtzeit Strahlen zusammenneigend. Hüllblätter sehr lang, 3teilig oder gefiedert, mit linealen Zipfeln

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Biennial herb, up to 1 m high. Leaves pinnate; ultimate leaf segments finely cut into many narrow segments. Umbels becoming strongly concave (forming a cup) in fruit. Flowers white to yellowish.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    6–8. Wiesen, Wegränder, kollin-montan(-subalpin). CH.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Disturbed places.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Native to Europe and Asia.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    • Introduced distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland
    Introduced into
    • Southern America Brazil Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • São Paulo

    Synonyms

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Wild carrotEnglishIE
    MealbhacánIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    CarottaRaeto-RomanceCH
    Carotte sauvageFrenchCH
    Cearrac(h)ánIrishIE
    BliúcánIrishIE
    Mil mhairtIrishIE
    MurlógIrishIE
    BurgománIrishIE
    CenouraPortuguese
    MugománIrishIE
    Meacan buidheIrishIE
    Wilde MöhreGermanCH
    Cuirdín (or Cuiridín)IrishIE
    CarrotEnglishIE
    CrallacógIrishIE
    Meacan deargIrishIE
    MiodhlucánIrishIE
    CairéadIrishIE
    Carota selvaticaItalianCH

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2021.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern US and Canada
    https://www.nybg.org/
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • E All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    https://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    The Brazilian Flora Group (2018): Brazilian Flora 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201869402 Dataset/Checklist: https://ckan.jbrj.gov.br/dataset/thebrazilfloragroup_feb2018
    • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of China @ efloras.org
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • H All Rights Reserved
    Flora of Pakistan
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
    Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    Irish Vernacular Names
    https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
    • K All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).