Daucus carota L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Wild carrot


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Daucus carota L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000638442. Accessed on: 28 Sep 2021'

General Information

Plants to 120 cm. Leaves oblong, 2–3-pinnate/pinnatisect; ultimate segments linear to lanceolate, 2–15 × 0.5–4 mm, glabrous to hispid especially on the veins and margins, acute, mucronate. Peduncles 10–55 cm, retrorsely hispid; bracts foliaceous, pinnate, rarely entire, lobes linear, 3–30 mm, margin scarious; rays 2–7.5 cm, unequal; bracteoles 5–7, linear, entire or 2–3-lobed, more or less scarious and ciliate, equaling or exceeding flowers. Petals white, sometimes yellow or pinkish. Fruit 3–4 × ca. 2 mm. Fl. May–Jul.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • 2. Daucus carota L., Sp. Pl. 242 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Sáez Laín, 1981): Europa, Anon. (LINN-340.1). Ilustr.: Mathias et al., Fl. Il. Catarin. Umbelíferas 96, t. 30 (1972). N.v.: Zanahoria.

      Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

      Plantas 15-120 cm, bianuales, los tallos solitarios, erectos, retro-híspidos a glabros, frecuentemente con raíz axonomorfa engrosada. Hojas 5-15 × 2-7 cm, oblongas, las divisiones finales 2-13 × 0.5-2 mm, linear a lanceoladas, enteras o poco hendidas, glabras a híspidas, agudas, mucronatas; pecíolos 3-10 cm. Pedúnculos 25-60 cm, retro-híspidos; involucro de brácteas 3-30 mm, alargadas, pinnado-divididas, generalmente reflexas, los márgenes escariosos; radios 3-7.5 cm, numerosos, desiguales, compactos en los frutos; involucelo de bractéolas lineares, acuminadas, enteras o rara vez pinnadas, escariosas, ciliadas, tan largas como las flores o más largas que éstas; pedicelos 3-10 mm. Pétalos blancos o purpúreos, la flor central de cada umbela generalmente purpúrea o rosada. Frutos 3-4 × 2 mm, ovoides; carpóforo entero. Cultivada, escapada. Ch (Breedlove 47083, CAS); QR ( Gutiérrez R. 43, F); B (Balick et al. 2000: 120); G (Standley 65771, F); H (Standley 28481, F); ES (Renderos 493, MO); N (Stevens 23506, MO); CR (Standley, 1938: 860); P ( Tyson 7100, MO). 100-3000 m. (Nativa de Europa, regiones templadas de Asia, y N. África; ampliamente introducida en otras partes del mundo.)

    • Provided by: [J].Flora Mesoamericana
      • Source: [
      • 1
      • ]. 

      "Biennial with a stout taproot, 4–10 dm, hirsute to subglabrous; lvs oblong, pinnately decompound, the ultimate segments linear, lanceolate, or oblong; infl at anthesis showy, 4–12 cm wide, commonly narrower in fr, the outer rays longer than the others (to 7 cm) and arching inwards; bracts pinnatifid into firm, elongate, filiform-subulate segments, scarious-margined below the segments, spreading or reflexed in fr; umbellets with mostly (10–)20- numerous white or faintly yellowish fls (the central fl of the whole infl usually, the others rarely, purple or pink); fr 3–4 mm, broadest at the middle; 2n=18. Native of Eurasia, now a weed throughout most of N. Amer. The cultivated carrot is a race of this sp."

    • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Plants biennial, 15 cm to 1 m tall. Root a thick tap-root. Stem glabrous to pilose; hairs white. Leaves compound, 2-3-pinnate, hispid; segments linear to oval; margin deeply toothed; tips mucronate. Peduncles up to 30 cm long, his¬pid. Involucre of pinnately divided bracts, up to 5 cm long; segments filiform to linear. Rays numerous, the outer longer, incurved. Involucel of undivided or divided bractlets; margins entire or ciliate. Calyx teeth minute. Petals white to yellowish or light purple, the outer radiate; the petals of the central flower of an umbel sometimes red. Ovary hispid; styles 0.5 to 1 mm long. Fruit ovoid, 2-3 mm long; primary ridges not prominent, slightly bristly; secondary ridges winged, spiny; spines white; one vitta under each secondary ridge; commissure 2-vittate.

    • Provided by: [H].Flora of Pakistan
      • Source: [
      • 3
      • ]. 

      Morphology

      30–100 cm hoch. Blätter 2–3fach gefiedert. Teilblätter letzter Ordnung fiederschnittig, mit schmalen Zipfeln. Dolde vielstrahlig, zuerst flach, zur Fruchtzeit Strahlen zusammenneigend. Hüllblätter sehr lang, 3teilig oder gefiedert, mit linealen Zipfeln

    • Provided by: [D].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      • Source: [
      • 4
      • ]. 

      Biennial herb, up to 1 m high. Leaves pinnate; ultimate leaf segments finely cut into many narrow segments. Umbels becoming strongly concave (forming a cup) in fruit. Flowers white to yellowish.

    • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Ecology

      6–8. Wiesen, Wegränder, kollin-montan(-subalpin). CH.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      • Source: [
      • 4
      • ]. 

      Habitat

      Disturbed places.

    • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      Native to Europe and Asia.

    • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      • Introduced distribution
      Found in
      • Europe Northern Europe Ireland
      Introduced into
      • Southern America Brazil Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • São Paulo

      Synonyms

      Nationally Preferred Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      Wild carrotEnglishIE
      MealbhacánIrishIE

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      Wilde MöhreGermanCH
      Cearrac(h)ánIrishIE
      Carota selvaticaItalianCH
      BliúcánIrishIE
      Mil mhairtIrishIE
      MurlógIrishIE
      BurgománIrishIE
      CenouraPortuguese
      MugománIrishIE
      Meacan buidheIrishIE
      Cuirdín (or Cuiridín)IrishIE
      CarrotEnglishIE
      CrallacógIrishIE
      Meacan deargIrishIE
      Carotte sauvageFrenchCH
      MiodhlucánIrishIE
      CarottaRaeto-RomanceCH
      CairéadIrishIE

        Bibliography

       Information From

      Apiaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
      http://www.flora-helvetica.ch
      Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
      • D All Rights Reserved
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      e-Flora of South Africa
      e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
      • G All Rights Reserved
      Flora of Pakistan
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
      Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
      • H Missouri Botanical Garden
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • I Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • J Missouri Botanical Garden
      Irish Vernacular Names
      https://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/plant-science/plant-science/research-staff/article/380/wyse-jackson-peter-s.aspx
      • K All Rights Reserved
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).