Encephalartos lanatus Stapf & Burtt Davy
  • Man. Pl. Transvaal


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Encephalartos lanatus Stapf & Burtt Davy. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000667402. Accessed on: 06 Jul 2020'

Morphology

Plants unbranched or sometimes branched from the base; stems up to about 1 m tall and only very rarely up to 3 m long and reclining, up to about 25 cm diam., with densely grey woolly bracts. Leaves 6-1 m long, including petiole 20-25 cm long, white or grey woolly when young except under surface of leaflets, glabrescent except base of petiole and pulvinus; rhachis recurved and often slightly twisted; leaflets glaucous when young, entire, pungent, set in V formation above middle of rhachis and usually overlapping, reduced in size to base and apex of rhachis; median leaflets 10-13 cm long, 6-8 mm broad, finely 10-14-nerved on under surface. Cones 1-4 together on short peduncles, covered by a dense light cream to greyish tomentum. Male cones subcylindric, 25-30 cm long, 5-6 cm diam., narrowed to both ends; median scales about 2.3 cm long and 2.5-3.2 cm broad, with lateral ridges; bulla face flattened, about 2.5 cm broad and 1.5 cm wide vertically (with tomentum). Female cones oblong in outline, 25-35 cm long, 12-15 cm diam., slightly narrowed to rounded apex and base; median scales 3-3.5 cm long; bulla 4.3-5 cm broad, 2.5-2.7 cm thick vertically, with incurved lateral lobes about 5 mm long, with acute lateral ridges; bulla with base glabrous, yellow or greenish-yellow, upper and lower facets woolly, rounded, terminal facet indistinct, about 1.5 cm diam. Seeds yellow, oblong-orbicular, 2.5-3 cm long, 2.25-2.5 cm broad with scanty pulp.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plants usually unbranched. Stems up to 1 m high. Cones with a dense, woolly covering, 1-4 together. Leaves particularly recurved at tip, up to 1 m long. Median leaflets 100-130 x 6-8 mm, finely 10-14-nerved on undersurface, flat.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    In sheltered valleys.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Sheltered rocky ledges.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    The upper reaches of the Olifants River catchment in the Middelburg, Wit-bank and Bronkhorstspruit districts.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Dyer, RA; Verdoorn, IC. 1966. Zamiaceae. Fl. S. Africa 1: 3 - 34. BRI & Nat. Bot. Gdns, Pretoria & Cape Town.
    • 2 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Man. Pl. Transvaal

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • C All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • D See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    Zamiaceae
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).