Epiphyllum phyllanthus (L.) Haw.
  • Syn. Pl. Succ.
  • pitainha


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Epiphyllum phyllanthus (L.) Haw. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000670206. Accessed on: 26 May 2020'

General Information

Epiphyllum phyllanthus (L.) Haw., Syn. Pl. Succ. 197. 1812; Cactus phyllanthus L.; E. pittieri (F.A.C. Weber) Britton & Rose; E. hookeri Haw.

Arbustos epífitos, hasta 2 m de largo; tallos lineares, (10–) 20–60 cm de largo y 3–6 cm de ancho, rígidos, márgenes distante y obtusamente serrados, lobos redondeados, tallos maduros frecuentemente con el margen córneo, obtusos en el ápice. Flores 10–25 cm de largo; tubo receptacular recto, 8–18 cm de largo, delgado, generalmente con escamas remotas de 1–5 mm de largo; partes sepaloides del perianto linear-lanceoladas, 25–40 mm de largo y 3–5 mm de ancho, crema-verdosas; partes petaloides del perianto 2–5 cm de largo y 0.4–0.8 cm de ancho, cremas o blancas; estilo 9–20 cm de largo, lobos del estigma 8–15. Frutos elipsoides, 3–8 cm de largo y 1.5–3.5 cm de diámetro; semillas 2–4 mm de largo.

Común, en bosques húmedos en la zona atlántica; 0–800 m; fl y fr todo el año; Araquistain 3381, Ortiz 134; sur de México a Argentina y Paraguay. Se reconocen 6 variedades en esta especie, 2 de las cuales se encuentran en Nicaragua. Sólo pueden separarse por la longitud de la flor; E. phyllanthus var. hookeri (Haw.) Kimnach tiene flores 17–23 cm de largo, mientras que E. phyllanthus var. pittieri (F.A.C. Weber) Kimnach tiene flores 9–14 cm de largo.

M. Kimnach. Epiphyllum phyllanthus. Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 36: 105–115. 1964.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    the perianth tube about 18-25 cm. long, narrowly tubular, about 3 mm. in di- ameter at the base, abruptly dilated into an extremely short conic throat about 8 mm. broad at the orifice, bearing very few distant and inconspicuous external bracts, the perianth segments very narrowly oblong-elliptic, acuminate, spreading, the inner about 3-4 cm. long, the ovary oblongoid, inconspicuously tuberculate. Berry oblong-turbinate, truncate, somewhat tuberculate-angulate, about 7-8 cm. long and 2 cm. broad, bright red when ripe.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Succulent epiphytic shrubs, the primary stem joints terete, elongate, about 5 mm. thick when young, probably thicker when old, the secondary stem joints narrowly oblong-elliptic to linear-elliptic, usually obtuse to rounded at the tip, cuneately decurrent into a terete subpetiolar base, 3-5 dm. long, 2-8 cm. wide, rather narrowly serrate, thick and callose-marginate in dessication, the areoles 3-5 cm. distant, naked or indefinitely papillate, borne superficially upon the upper broad margin of the serrations. Flowers nocturnal, very elongate and slender, white,

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Costa Rica to Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Acre
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Rondônia
    • Roraima
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    pitainhaPortuguese

     Information From

    Cactaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • E Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • H See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • I All Rights Reserved