Erica mammosa L.
  • Mant. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Erica mammosa L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000672559. Accessed on: 10 Jul 2020'

Diagnostic Description

There are several species of Erica that exhibit a considerable variation in colour and E. mammosa is an excellent example of such a species. It is in fact variable in all respects. In the common form the flowers are dark red or orange-red and are closely packed in small inflorescences. Other less common colour forms that have been recorded are orange, pink, purple-pink, green, cream, white and even with pink tips. In many of the latter forms the inflorescence tends to be more lax. In this treatment of the species the inclusion of E. gilva Wendl. under E. mammosa by Salter has been followed. He states: CA robust cream-flowered form with broader sepals, growing in a few places high on Table Mtn., Devil's Peak and Constantiaberg, has been named E. gilva Wendl., but there appear to be no reliable characters to justify its separation.' This form appears to be confined to the Cape Peninsula. In the section Pleurocallis, E. mammosa is easily distinguished by the possession of four dents or furrows at the base of the corolla. This also occurs to some extent in E. nevilki L. Bolus and E. quadrisukata L. Bolus, two species endemic to the Cape Peninsula, but their general appearance and habit are completely different.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Erect shrub up to about 1.2 m (4 ft). Branches numerous in favourable conditions, puberulous, leaves 4-nate or scattered, 6-10 mm long, erect-spreading, linear-lanceolate, trigonous. Flowers in a tight or loose raceme, cernuous; peduncles 2-4 mm long, usually puberulous; bracts median, small. Sepals long, obovate or ovate-lanceolate, acutely keel-tipped, scarious. Corolla 1.5-2.5 cm long, tubular, obliquely inflated, with 4 dents or grooves at the base, glabrous, variously coloured as above; lobes erect, rounded. Filaments filiform; anthers included, 2 mm long, lateral, oblong or cuneate usually with a sharp basal point in front, appendiculate; awns of variable length. Ovary glabrous; style shortly exserted; stigma capitate.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Erect shrub to 1.5 m. Flowers large, inflated tubular with closed mouth, cream-coloured, pale green, pink, orange or red.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Hills.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Sandy flats and lower mountain slopes.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Cape Province.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Cedarberg to Bredasdorp.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Baker, HA; Oliver, EGH. (eds). 1967. Ericas in southern Africa. Purnell, Cape Town.
    • 2 Mant. Pl.
    • 3 Oliver, EGH. 2012. Ericaceae. 482 - 511. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Ericaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).