Erica melanthera L.
  • Mant. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Erica melanthera L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000672597. Accessed on: 07 Jun 2020'

Diagnostic Description

E. melanthera is closely allied and similar in appearance to E. chamissonis. The chief differences between the two species are several. In E. chamissonis the leaves are quite different in appearance, being more or less open-backed and bearing long hairs, the peduncles and sepals are densely villous not merely pubescent and the anthers are not or scarcely produced beyond the pore. The two species occur in different areas which do not overlap and flower at different times of the year. In distribution E. melanthera is interesting in that it is confined to moist slopes along the entire length of the Langeberg and Outeniqua Mountains and on Swart berg Range further inland with records from the isolated mountains in the Little Karoo. In this respect it is an excellent example of the link between the floras of the moister southern mountains and the drier Swartberg Range.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Erect shrub up to about 6ocm (2 ft), sometimes more. Branches ascending or wide-spreading, pubescent. Leaves 3-nate, 2-4 mm long, spreading to squarrose, linear to oval, blunt, thick, sulcate, minutely tubercular-hispid, at length glossy. Flowers 3-nate, terminal, corolline, numerous; peduncles 2-4 mm long, pubescent; bracts variously placed, linear, small, sometimes larger and covering the calyx. Calyx about 2 mm long, obconic, 4-cleft, puberulous or glabrous, keeled or keel-tipped, coloured; lobes reniform or obcuneate, apiculate, more or less as long as the tube. Corolla 3.5-4.0 mm long, obconic, broad-cyathiform or funnel-shaped, dry, glabrous, pale or bright red; lobes continuous or spreading, broadly rounded, more or less equal to the tube in length. Filaments broadish; anthers included, about 1 mm long, lateral, obliquely oblong or semiovate, produced above into a contracted point about or nearly equal to the pore, scabrid, nearly black, muticous; 1/2-5/8 pore of the cell. Ovary turbinate, silky-villous, chiefly on top; style exserted; stigma minute, obconic or subsimple.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Erect shrublet to 60 cm. Flowers small, very open cup-shaped, bright pink.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    On moist slopes usually facing south and isolated peaks of the Little Karoo.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Moist lower to upper slopes.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Cape Province.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Swellendam to Uitenhage, Rooiberg and Gamkaberg.

  • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Baker, HA; Oliver, EGH. (eds). 1967. Ericas in southern Africa. Purnell, Cape Town.
    • 2 Mant. Pl.
    • 3 Oliver, EGH. 2012. Ericaceae. 482 - 511. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Ericaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).