Kniphofia linearifolia Baker
  • Beibl. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 35: 5 (1892)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Kniphofia linearifolia Baker. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000676208. Accessed on: 07 Feb 2023'

Diagnostic Description

K. linearifolia, K. rooperi and K. uvaria are closely related and intermediate specimens occur where their distribution areas overlap. The distinguishing characters are discussed under K. uvaria. There are also intermediate specimens linking K. linearifolia and K. tysonii, but the latter can usually be separated by the more elongate racemes with shorter flowers and well-exserted stamens.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Morphology

    Rhizome horizontal with closely-spaced erect corm-like branches, the latter usually clothed in fibrous remnants of old leaves; roots fibrous or slightly swollen.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Peduncle up to 140 cm long, sometimes with 1–2 sterile bracts below the raceme.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Leaves 24–160 cm long, 0.8–2.5 cm wide, linear, acuminate, with margins entire or occasionally sparingly serrulate, very strongly keeled, erect at first, usually becoming bent over.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Flowers patent, finally pendulous,yellow or lemon-yellow; buds red to orange.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Raceme 5–12 cm long, ovoid or oblong, very dense; bracts 5–10 mm long, ovate-oblong, rounded to subacute, sometimes serrulate; pedicels 2–5 mm long.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Seeds angled, scarcely winged, c. 3 mm long.

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    Style eventually exserted by 3–8 mm.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Capsule 4–6 mm long, subglobose.

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    Plants clump-forming, fairly robust, up to 1.5 m tall.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Perianth 25–40 mm long, cylindrical, not constricted above the ovary, straight.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
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    Stamens just exserted at anthesis, later withdrawn.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    Plants several- to many-stemmed. Leaves at first erect, later folding back ('kneed') with maturity, 0.6-1.4 m long, 12-28 mm broad, strongly keeled, fairly rigid to flaccid in texture, yellow-green to dull green, rarely subglaucous; margin serrulate to sparsely toothed or occasionally smooth. Scape overtopping reflexed leaves, 0.8-1.5 m tall. Raceme ovoid or oblong to rhomboid, dense, 60-160 x 55-65 mm, usually tapering towards apex; buds pinkish red to green, tinged with dull red; flowers pendulous, yellow-orange to yellow-green or greenish. Bracts broadly ovate to ovate-oblong, 4-10 mm long, rounded to obtuse or sometimes subacute; margin usually finely serrulate. Pedicels very short, 1.0-1.5 mm long. Perianth subcylindrical, 25-35 mm long; lobes broadly ovate, 2-3 mm long, sometimes spreading. Stamens exserted by 4-5 mm at anthesis, later almost or completely withdrawn. Fruit ovoid-triquetrous, about 8 mm long. Flowering time: January to March but in Mpumalanga (e.g. Mariepskop) flowering may extend to April.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Perennial herb. Inflorescence large, oblong to rhomboid. Peduncle up to 1.5 m high. Buds pinkish red to green tinged with dull red. Perianth exceeding 28 mm in length (rarely less). Stamens scarcely exserted. Flowers yellow to yellowish green or green.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Perennial herb; acaulescent, occasionally shortly caulescent. Stems several to many, short. Leaves first erect, later recurved, rigid to flaccid, 0.6-1.4 m x 12-28 mm, strongly keeled; margins and keel serrulate to sparsely toothed, occasionally smooth. Flowers: inflorescence overtopping reflexed leaves, 0.8-1.5 m high, with ovoid or oblong to rhomboid, dense racemes; perianth pinkish red to green, tinged with dull red and erect to spreading in bud, yellow-orange to yellow-green or greenish and pendulous when mature, 25-35 mm long; Jan.-Apr.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Habitat

    Found on streambanks, in marshy places and in mountain grassland.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Mountain grassland, marshy places, stream-banks.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Mesic Grassland; Zastron Moist Grassland. Streambanks, marshy places and mountain grassland.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    In the eastern parts of Western Cape with an outlier near Worcester, Northern Cape, Eastern Cape [Transkei], eastern Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, the mountainous parts of Swaziland and Mpumalanga, extending into Zimbabwe.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
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      Bibliography

    • 1 Asphodelaceae, S. Kativu. Flora Zambesiaca 12:3. 2001
    • 2 Codd, LEW. 2005. Asphodelaceae (First part): Kniphofia. Fl. S. Africa 5(1,2): 1 - 94. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Herman, PPJ; Retief, E. 1997. Plants of thenorthern provinces of South Africa: keys and diagnostic characters. Strelitzia 6: 1 - 681. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • 4 Klopper, RR; Smith, GF. 2017. Asphodelaceae. In: E Retief & NL Meyer (eds), Plants of the Free State: Inventory and identification guide. Strelitzia 38: 851 - 867. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Asphodelaceae
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/Asphodelaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2022.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora Zambesiaca - descriptions
    Flora Zambesiaca
    • C
    World Flora Online Consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).