Euonymus europaeus L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Spindle

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Euonymus europaeus L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or trees 2–10 m. Stems erect; young branches terete, not corky winged. Leaves deciduous; petiole 4–12 mm; blade ovate-elliptic, 2.5–10 × 1.5–3.5 cm, base attenuate to broadly cuneate, margins minutely denticulate, apex acuminate. Inflorescences axillary, 1–7(–15)-flowered. Flowers: sepals 4; petals 4, yellow or white, oblong, 3–4 × 1–2 mm; stamens 4; ovary smooth. Capsules pink, obovoid, 8–10 × 12–15 mm, deeply (2–)4-lobed, rarely only 1 lobe developing, lobes clearly connate, surface smooth. Seeds obovoid, 7–8 × 4–5 mm; aril orange or yellow.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 


    Bis 5 m hoher Strauch. Junge Zweige grün, 4kantig, schmal geflügelt. Blätter breit-lanzettlich, fein gezähnt, kahl, an sterilen Zweigen bis 12 cm lang, an blühenden Zweigen 3–5 cm lang, ca. 5 mm lang gestielt. Blüten 4zählig, hellgrün, zu 2–

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    5–7. Gebüsche, Wälder, kollin-montan. CH.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names


    Other Local Names

    Berretto da prete, CoralliniItalianCH
    Gemeines PfaffenhütchenGermanCH
    Chapitscha da prersRaeto-RomanceCH
    Fusain d'EuropeFrenchCH
    Oir (Oire)IrishIE
    Donn réidhIrishIE
    European spindle-tree


     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • D All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • F All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • G See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • H Botanic Gardens Conservation International