Lachenalia zebrina W.F.Barker
  • J. S. African Bot.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Lachenalia zebrina W.F.Barker. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000684279. Accessed on: 29 May 2020'

Diagnostic Description

L. zebrina is considered to be allied to L. buchubergensis and L. nordenstamii. These species share solitary lanceolate leaves, which are heavily banded on the lower surface, and broadly winged, obcordate capsules.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Geophyte, 150-300 mm high. Bulb ovoid, 10-30 mm in diameter; tunic multilayered, outer layers dark brown, thick, spongy; inner cataphyll translucent white, adhering to leaf base, apex obtuse. Leaf solitary, lanceolate, 60-220 x 20-60 mm, weakly to strongly curved, glaucous, canaliculate, often conduplicate, upper surface plain, lower surface heavily marked with dark green blotches in upper two thirds, shading to maroon blotches in lower third; leaf margins flat to undulate and crisped; leaf base clasping, 40-70 mm long, silvery-white, heavily banded with maroon, shading to magenta; primary seedling leaf terete, erect. Inflorescence racemose, many-flowered, dense, lax to sturdy, sterile apex short; scape erect to suberect, 50-120 mm long, sturdy, light green to glaucous, heavily blotched with light to dark maroon; rachis light green to glaucous, heavily marked with dull maroon; pedicels suberect to arcuate, 2-20 mm long, shortest at base of inflorescence, lengthening towards apex, greenish-brown to purplish-grey; lower bracts ovate, becoming narrow-lanceolate above, 1-4 x 0.5-2.0 mm, brown at base, shading to white above. Perianth zygomorphic, oblong-campanulate, cernuous, creamy-green to light brown, ageing to dull maroon, foetid-scented; tube a flat disc 4-5 mm in diameter, outer tepals ovate, 4-6 x 4 mm, apical gibbosities greenish-brown, apices translucent white, slightly recurved; inner tepals obovate, 5-6 x 2 mm, median keels brownish-green, apices slightly recurved, translucent white. Stamens well exserted, straight; filaments white, 8-15 mm long. Ovary ellipsoid, 3-4 x 2 mm, light to bright green; style well exserted, straight, 5-8 mm long, white. Capsule broadly obcordate, 8-10 x 8-9 mm, broadly winged. Seed ovoid, 1.8-1.9 x 1.8-2.0 mm, matte, black; strophiole 0.5-0.6 mm long, ridged, micropyle 0.5 mm long, extruded.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Bulbous geophyte, 150-300 mm tall. Leaf 1, broadly lanceolate, spreading to suberect, arched, canaliculate, conduplicate, 20-60 mm broad, clasping base and lower surface heavily banded with dark maroon or brown, upper surface glaucous, unmarked. Scape erect to suberect, sturdy, heavily mottled with brown. Flowers oblong-campanulate, nodding, on long white or green pedicels, tepals cream tinged with greenish brown, stamens well exserted.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Usually encountered in full sun on stony shale flats or rocky south-facing hill slopes in clay or very hard, sandy soil, exposed or within the protection of karroid scrub.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Singly or in colonies in rocky, clay soil.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Knersvlakte to near Loeriesfontein, southern Tanqua Karoo to S of Fraserburg.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Duncan, GD. 2012. The genus Lachenalia. Vol. 34. Kew Publishing, Kew.
    • 2 Duncan, GD. 2013. Hyacinthaceae: Lachenalia. 80 - 87. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 J. S. African Bot.

     Information From

    Asparagaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).