Melanthium virginicum L.
  • Sp. Pl.
  • Virginia bunch-flower

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Melanthium virginicum L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 18 Sep 2020'

General Information

Rhizomes 0.5–2 × 0.5–1.8 cm; bulbs 0.6–2.5 cm. Stems 1/4–1/3 floriferous, 0.6–2 m. Leaf blades linear, long-attenuate, 30–80 × 0.6–3.2 cm, apex acute. Inflorescences 1.3–8 dm; terminal raceme 1–2.6 dm; secondary racemes spreading to ascending, 0.2–1.1(–2.2) dm; tertiary racemes infrequent; bracts obovate to subulate, green to brown, 2–4(–6) mm, densely floccose abaxially and marginally. Tepals greenish yellow, aging dark reddish purple, ovate to obovate-oblong, 5.5–13 × 2.2–6 mm, base abruptly auriculate to hastate, clawed, margins entire, apex acute, claws 0.5–1.2(–2.5) mm; glands yellowish green, oblong to oblong-ovate, nectariferous; stamens 6.5–8.5 mm; filaments inserted at or above middle of claw, 0.7–2.5 mm from ovary base, not basally dilated, equaling tepal width at insertion point; anthers 0.9 mm; ovary ovoid, glabrous or pubescent; styles 1.5–3.5 mm; pedicel spreading to ascending, 5–20 mm. Capsules elliptic-ovoid, 10–18 × 6–10 mm, glabrous or glabrate. Seeds 5–8 × 2.5–4 mm (including wings). 2n = 16.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Stem stout, erect from a thick rhizome, 7–15 dm, hairy above; lvs linear, acuminate, the lower much elongate, often 3 dm, 1–2(–3) cm wide, narrowed at the base; panicle ovoid, 2–3 dm, hairy, its lower branches bearing a raceme of slender-pedicellate fls, the lower fls perfect, the upper staminate; tep spreading, pale green, 6–13 mm, the blade ca twice as long as the claw, flat, oblong or oval or obovate, obtuse, glandular at base; fr ellipsoid, 3-lobed, 10–15 mm; seeds 5–8 mm. Wet woods and meadows; N.Y. to Ind. and Minn., s. to Fla. and Tex. June, July. (Veratrum v.)"

  • Provided by: [C].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Virginia bunch-flower


     Information From

    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • C Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).