Frangula alnus Mill.
  • Gard. Dict. ed. 8
  • Alder buckthorn

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Frangula alnus Mill. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 26 Sep 2021'

General Information

Shrubs or small trees, 2–5(–7) m. Stems greenish to brown, sparsely puberulent, glabrescent. Leaves deciduous; petiole 10–19 mm; blade dull green abaxially, glossy darker green adaxially, broadly elliptic-obovate to broadly elliptic or broadly oblong, 4–7(–11) cm, herbaceous, base cuneate to rounded, margins entire, apex rounded to acute or abruptly short-acuminate, abaxial surface sometimes minutely strigose along midveins, adaxial surface glabrous; secondary veins 6–10 pairs. Inflorescences fascicles, sessile, 1–8-flowered. Pedicels 3–10 mm. Stigmas 2–3-lobed. Drupes black, globose or slightly elongate, 6–8 mm; stones 2(–3). 2n = 20–26.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 


    Bis 3 m hoher, dornenloser Strauch mit weiss getüpfelten Zweigen. Blätter oval oder rundlich-eiförmig, meist ganzrandig, jederseits mit 7–12 auf der Unterseite vorstehenden Seitennerven, oberseits dunkel-, unterseits blassgrün, Spreite 2–5 c

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 


    5–6. Auenwälder, Hecken, Moore, kollin-montan. CH.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Europe Northern Europe Ireland

    Nationally Preferred Names

    Alder buckthornEnglishIE
    Draighean fearnaIrishIE

    Other Local Names

    Glossy buckthorn, European alder-buckthorn
    Frangola comuneItalianCH
    Black dogwoodEnglishIE
    Ramhdhraighean mínIrishIE


     Information From

    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz
    Flora Helvetica – Illustrierte Flora der Schweiz, Konrad Lauber, Gerhart Wagner, Andreas Gygax. Haupt Verlag 2018.
    • A All Rights Reserved
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Irish Vernacular Names
    • C All Rights Reserved
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • D See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    Global Tree Search
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • E Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • F All Rights Reserved
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).