Geranium molle L.
  • Sp. Pl.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Geranium molle L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000700868. Accessed on: 06 Jun 2020'

General Information

"Spreading or ascending annual, branched from the base, 2–5 dm; basal lvs rotund or reniform, 2–5 cm wide, 5–9 cleft, the segments usually 3-lobed at the summit; upperlvs progressively reduced, the uppermost alternate; fls numerous; cal and pedicels densely glandular-puberulent and also hirsute; sep acute, 3–4 mm at anthesis; pet 5–7 mm, deeply notched; fr (including the cal) 9–13 mm, the stylar beak 2–5 mm, the carpel-bodies glabrous but usually with oblique, curved wrinkles; 2n=26. Native ofEurope and w. Asia, now widespread as a weed and found here and there in our range. Apr.–Sept."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Annuals. Stem 10-45 cm tall, erect or decumbent, not rooting at nodes, with 1-1.7 mm patent nonglandular trichomes and 0.2-0.5 mm patent glandular and nonglandular trichomes. Stipules lanceolate, distinct. Leaves alternate; petiole with 1-1.5 mm patent nonglandular trichomes and 0.2-0.5 mm glandular and nonglandular trichomes; leaf blade 0.9-4 cm, palmately cleft, ratio of main sinus/middle segment length = 0.5-0.75, pilose with appressed nonglandular trichomes; segments 5, obtriangular, 1.5-5 mm wide at base, 3(or 4)-lobed at apex, ratio of second sinus/middle segment length = 0.14-0.25. Cymules solitary, 2-flowered; peduncle 0.5-8 cm. Pedicel 0.5-1.5 cm, with 1-1.8 mm patent nonglandular trichomes and 0.2-0.5 mm patent glandular and nonglandular trichomes; bracteoles lanceolate. Sepals (1-)2.5-5.5(-6) mm, mucro 0.1-0.2 mm, ratio of mucro/sepal length = 0.03-0.1, outside with 1-1.5 mm patent nonglandular trichomes and 0.2-0.5 mm ± patent nonglandular and glandular trichomes, outside glabrous. Petals bright purple, 3-8.5(-10.5) mm, erect to patent, both surfaces glabrous, margin basally ciliate, apex emarginate with a 1-2.5 mm notch. Staminal filaments whitish, lanceolate, glabrous except proximal half with some 0.1-0.2 mm cilia; anthers purplish, 0.7-1.5 mm. Nectaries 5, hemispheric, glabrous. Stigma purplish. Fruit 0.8-1.4 cm, erect when immature; mericarps transversely wrinkled, without a basal callus, glabrous but with a few cilia at base; rostrum 6-11 mm, with a 1-3 mm narrowed apex; stigmatic remains 1-2 mm. Seeds 1.4-1.8 mm. Fl. May, fr. May. 2n = 26.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Diagnostic Description

      Easily recognized by its glabrous, transversely ridged carpels and deeply notched petals.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Morphology

      Annual herb, stems up to ±45cm long, decumbent or ascending, pilose with glandular and eglandular hairs. Stipules ovate, acute. Radical leaves tufted, petioles up to 250 mm long, pilose as the stem; blade up to 60 mm in diam., divided halfway or more to the centre into 5-9 lobes, lobes oblong-obovate, deeply 3-fid, both surfaces thinly pilose; cauline leaves similar but petioles progressively shorter and blade reduced. Peduncles opposite the upper reduced leaves eventually forming large compound cymes, usually 2-flowered, pilose with spreading hairs often gland-tipped. Pedicels similar to peduncles. Sepals ±2.5-4 x 1.5-2.5 mm, pilose. Petals ±3-7 x 2-3 mm, deeply notched, purplish-pink. Rostrum glandular-pubescent. Carpels transversely ridged, glabrous.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Habitat

      In damp and partially shaded places.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      A native of Europe, now well established in the SW and S Cape, from Port Elizabeth to the Peninsula.

    • Provided by: [A].e-Flora of South Africa
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

        Bibliography

      • 1 "Gleason, Henry A. & Cronquist, Arthur J. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. lxxv + 910 pp."
      • 2 Burtt, BL; Hilliard, OM. 1985. A revision of Geranium in Africa south of the Limpopo. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 42(2): 171 - 225.
      • 3 Sp. Pl.

       Information From

      e-Flora of South Africa
      e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
      • A All Rights Reserved
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Geraniaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      New York Botanical Garden
      Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
      • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).